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Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
Based on analysis of developments during the past two decades (1995-2015), the report provides important insights into the responsiveness of national VET systems, notably in relation to changes in demography, technology and the economy. Building on detailed national case studies, this report demonstrates how 'big shocks' (the fall of the Berlin…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Educational Change, Role of Education, Foreign Countries
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
This short description examines vocational education and training (VET) in Bulgaria. The overall aim is to help build bridges between VET systems, encourage learner and teacher mobility across Europe, and foster the understanding that Bulgaria's VET is first rate. Four sections focus on: (1) External factors influencing VET (demographics, economy…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Influences, Demography
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
National authorities across Europe have been developing outreach measures to address the needs of people who slip through the cracks of standard education, training and employment policies. People who lack basic life and work skills require holistic strategies, which may mobilize health, social and psychological services and delay standard…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Access to Education, Outreach Programs, Holistic Approach
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
Long-term unemployment (LTU) is a pressing problem, with serious consequences for those concerned and society as a whole. Although the current employment recovery contributed to a modest decrease, in 2016 almost 10 million people in the European Union (EU) were still long-term unemployed. Since the economic crisis, it has become harder to escape…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Education Work Relationship, Structural Unemployment, Employment Patterns
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
Cedefop is one of the oldest European Union (EU's) decentralised agencies. Founded in 1975 and based in Greece since 1995, Cedefop supports development of European VET policies and contributes to their implementation. The Agency is helping the European Commission, EU Member States and the social partners to develop and implement the right European…
Descriptors: Annual Reports, Vocational Education, Lifelong Learning, Labor Market
Grm, Slava Pevec; Bjørnåvold, Jens; Rusu, Andreea – Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
During the past decade, national qualifications frameworks (NQFs) have been developed and implemented across Europe. Triggered by the adoption of the European qualifications framework (EQF) in 2008, these frameworks draw attention to the outcomes of education and training, focusing on what learners are expected to know, understand and are able to…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Educational Indicators, Foreign Countries, Competence
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
Work in 2015-17 signals continuity with earlier national strategies and initiatives. It confirms the recent focus on apprenticeships and other forms of work-based learning, and increasing attention to widening access to VET and qualifications, two areas that have been reinforced by EU-level policy packages. The report also presents measures taken…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, International Cooperation, Vocational Education, Educational Policy
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
In a highly competitive global landscape, occupations are transformed, new jobs are created and the skills needed for the labour market are constantly changing. European countries are looking at redefining VET [vocational education and training] to respond promptly to such challenges and take advantage of the opportunities ahead. They are…
Descriptors: Global Approach, Vocational Education, Foreign Countries, Educational Change
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
The aim of the paper is to identify and analyse patterns and trends in enrolment in upper secondary initial vocational education and training (IVET) in Europe over the period 1995 to 2015. The research produced findings on comparability of the international data as well as trends in enrolment in upper secondary IVET and its share of enrolment in…
Descriptors: Vocational Education, Secondary Education, Enrollment Trends, Foreign Countries
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
This research paper is the fifth in a series produced as part of the Cedefop project The changing nature and role of VET (2016-18). Based on comparative analysis of labour force survey data from 2014, the report analyses the vocational effect on labour market and education outcomes, asking whether any advantages conferred by vocational…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Vocational Education, Labor Market