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Shim, Soo-Yean; Kim, Heui-Baik – Science Education, 2018
In this study, we examined students' epistemological and positional framing during small group scientific modeling to explore their context-dependent perceptions about knowledge, themselves, and others. We focused on two small groups of Korean eighth-grade students who participated in six modeling activities about excretion. The two groups were…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Science Education, Persuasive Discourse, Grade 8
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Al Shabibi, Al Shabibi; Silvennoinen, Heikki – Athens Journal of Education, 2018
On international comparisons, the development of Oman's education system in terms of the increase in educational enrolment rates and in the level of teacher qualifications has been remarkably rapid. Almost 100% access to basic education has been achieved, and almost all students progress onto post-basic education. A report from the World Bank in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Faculty Development, Barriers, Low Achievement
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Cheng, Qiang; Hsu, Hsien-Yuan – Journal on Mathematics Education, 2017
Using Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2011 eighth-grade international dataset, this study explored the profiles of instructional practices reported by high- and low-performing mathematics teachers across the US, Finland, Korea, and Russia. Concepts of conceptual teaching and procedural teaching were used to frame the…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, Mathematics Tests, International Assessment
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Topçu, Mustafa Sami; Erbilgin, Evrim; Arikan, Serkan – EURASIA Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 2016
This study makes an important contribution to an expanding body of international comparative studies by exploring factors predicting differences in science and mathematics achievement by students in Turkey and the Republic of Korea on the 2011 TIMSS assessment. While these countries are similar with regards to population size, cultural beliefs…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Predictor Variables, Science Achievement, Mathematics Achievement
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Son, Ji-Won; Han, Seong Won; Kang, Chungseo; Kwon, Oh Nam – EURASIA Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 2016
The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast student, teacher, and school factors that are associated with student mathematics achievement in South Korea and the United States. Using the data from the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2011, this study examines factors that are linked to teachers who deliver…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences, Educational Quality