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Tan, Charlene – Ethics and Education, 2019
This article explores Mencius' extension of moral feelings and its potential to address a key challenge in cosmopolitan education: how to motivate students to expand their existing affection and obligations towards their family and community to the rest of the world. Rather than strong universalism, a Mencian orientation is aligned with rooted…
Descriptors: Ethics, Moral Values, Cultural Context, Confucianism
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Tan, Charlene – Educational Forum, 2018
Teacher-directed learning is often perceived to be detrimental to student learning and incompatible with learner-centered approaches. This essay challenges this perception by referring to Freirean and Confucian insights. It is argued that Freire, Confucius, and Xunzi advocated the active involvement of the teacher in student learning through…
Descriptors: Confucianism, Educational Philosophy, Teacher Student Relationship, Teaching Methods
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Tan, Charlene – Journal of Philosophy of Education, 2017
This article proposes a Confucian conception of critical thinking by focussing on the notion of judgement. It is argued that the attainment of the Confucian ideal of "li" (normative behaviours) necessitates and promotes critical thinking in at least two ways. First, the observance of "li" requires the individual to exercise…
Descriptors: Confucianism, Critical Thinking, Ethics, Decision Making
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Tan, Charlene – Pedagogy, Culture and Society, 2016
This article compares the educational thought of John Dewey and Confucius on the nature of and relationship between subject matter and the learner. There is a common perception in the existing literature and discourse that Dewey advocates child- or learner-centred education whereas Confucius privileges subject matter via textual transmission.…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Student Centered Learning, Teaching Methods, Educational History
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Tan, Charlene – Ethics and Education, 2015
Against a backdrop of an international trend to shift from a teacher-centred to a learner-centred education, this article explores a Confucian conception of education. Focusing on an ancient Chinese text "Xueji" (Record of Learning), the essay examines its educational ideals and practices based on the principles of "choice",…
Descriptors: Confucianism, Educational Philosophy, Learning Processes, Student Centered Learning