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Tan, Charlene – Ethics and Education, 2019
This article explores Mencius' extension of moral feelings and its potential to address a key challenge in cosmopolitan education: how to motivate students to expand their existing affection and obligations towards their family and community to the rest of the world. Rather than strong universalism, a Mencian orientation is aligned with rooted…
Descriptors: Ethics, Moral Values, Cultural Context, Confucianism
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Tan, Charlene – British Journal of Educational Studies, 2019
This article analyses an assessment initiative known as the Basic Competency Assessment (BCA) in Hong Kong using Bernstein's performance and competence models of pedagogic practice. On the one hand, BCA is aligned with a competence model through its official projection as a low-stakes, student-focussed and formative assessment. However, an…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teaching Methods, Competency Based Education, Models
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Tan, Charlene – New Educator, 2019
This article focuses on the application of Shulman's signature pedagogies for initial teacher education through the example of a pre-service course that promotes "multidimensional thinking skills" in Singapore. Multidimensional thinking emphasizes the thought processes, attitudes and abilities needed to address complex issues and…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Thinking Skills, Preservice Teacher Education, Case Studies
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Tan, Charlene; Koh, Kim – Teacher Educator, 2018
This article discusses the application of Shulman's "signature pedagogies" through the utilization of films for preservice teachers and school leaders in Singapore. Using the films "Dead Poets Society" and "Ahead of the Class," this article explains how these films facilitated the participants' engagement with the…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Films, Foreign Countries, Preservice Teachers
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Tan, Charlene – Educational Forum, 2018
Teacher-directed learning is often perceived to be detrimental to student learning and incompatible with learner-centered approaches. This essay challenges this perception by referring to Freirean and Confucian insights. It is argued that Freire, Confucius, and Xunzi advocated the active involvement of the teacher in student learning through…
Descriptors: Confucianism, Educational Philosophy, Teacher Student Relationship, Teaching Methods
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Tan, Charlene – Journal of Education Policy, 2017
This article examines the enactment of the policy initiative to promote critical thinking in Singapore schools from the perspectives of educators in Singapore. It is argued that teachers in Singapore are not passive recipients or mere implementers of top-down policy decisions. Rather, they enact the policy initiative by making sense of,…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Critical Thinking, Thinking Skills, Teaching Methods
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Tan, Charlene – Journal of Philosophy of Education, 2017
This article proposes a Confucian conception of critical thinking by focussing on the notion of judgement. It is argued that the attainment of the Confucian ideal of "li" (normative behaviours) necessitates and promotes critical thinking in at least two ways. First, the observance of "li" requires the individual to exercise…
Descriptors: Confucianism, Critical Thinking, Ethics, Decision Making
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Tan, Charlene – British Educational Research Journal, 2017
Among the challenges faced by educators in promoting critical thinking is that of cultural compatibility. Using Singapore as an illustrative case study, this paper explores the cultural challenges and recommended strategies for the teaching of critical thinking in schools. The research for this study is based on a theoretical framework that…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Teaching Methods, Critical Thinking, Thinking Skills
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Tan, Charlene; Ibrahim, Azhar – Religious Education, 2017
This article explores and compares the salient characteristics and educational influences of humanism in both Islam and Confucianism. It is argued that the humanist tradition in both belief systems upholds the development and transforming ability of human beings. A common aim of education is to nurture God/Way-conscious and virtuous individuals…
Descriptors: Humanism, Religious Education, Confucianism, Islam
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Tan, Charlene – Pedagogy, Culture and Society, 2016
This article compares the educational thought of John Dewey and Confucius on the nature of and relationship between subject matter and the learner. There is a common perception in the existing literature and discourse that Dewey advocates child- or learner-centred education whereas Confucius privileges subject matter via textual transmission.…
Descriptors: Educational Philosophy, Student Centered Learning, Teaching Methods, Educational History
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Tan, Charlene; Tan, Leonard – Pastoral Care in Education, 2016
Spirituality encourages the individual to make sense of oneself within a wider framework of meaning and see oneself as part of some larger whole. This article discusses Confucian spirituality by focusing on the spiritual ideals of "dao" (Way) and "he" (harmony). It is explained that the Way represents a shared vision of human…
Descriptors: Confucianism, Spiritual Development, School Culture, Music Education
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Tan, Charlene – Educational Research, 2016
Background: This article critically discusses the key tensions and challenges arising from the educational policy borrowing in China, through its current education reform. Focussing on the new curriculum reform (NCR), the paper highlights the interactions and conflicts between foreign and local ideologies and practices. Sources of evidence: The…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Formative Evaluation, Student Centered Learning
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Tan, Charlene – Journal of Educational Change, 2016
Mainland China has been embarking on a nation-wide education reform as part of its modernisation project for the past few decades. A relatively under-researched topic is teacher agency in non-elite schools where educators critically shape their reactions to new situations brought about by the reform. Focussing on the introduction of school-based…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Curriculum Development, Indigenous Knowledge
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Tan, Charlene – Ethics and Education, 2015
Against a backdrop of an international trend to shift from a teacher-centred to a learner-centred education, this article explores a Confucian conception of education. Focusing on an ancient Chinese text "Xueji" (Record of Learning), the essay examines its educational ideals and practices based on the principles of "choice",…
Descriptors: Confucianism, Educational Philosophy, Learning Processes, Student Centered Learning
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Tan, Charlene – Comparative Education, 2015
China's recent education reforms are a result of selective policy borrowing from "the West". Although comparativists have highlighted the importance of cultural context in policy borrowing in China, what remains relatively under-explored is the epistemological basis for cultural views that mediate policy transfer. This article argues…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Western Civilization
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