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Sembiante, Sabrina F.; Dynia, Jaclyn M.; Kaderavek, Joan N.; Justice, Laura M. – Early Education and Development, 2018
Research Findings: This study examined preschool teachers' literal talk (LT) and inferential talk (IT) during shared book readings in early childhood education (ECE) and early childhood special education (ECSE) classrooms. We aimed to characterize and compare teachers' LT and IT in these 2 classroom contexts and determine whether differences in LT…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Special Education, Preschool Teachers, Reading Aloud to Others
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Pennington, Robert; Flick, Allison; Smith-Wehr, Kendra – Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities, 2018
In the current study, we examined the effects of response prompting strategies (i.e., constant time delay, system of least prompts) and frames on sentence writing for three participants, ages 7 to 12, with moderate intellectual disability. We used a concurrent multiple probe across behaviors design to evaluate the efficacy of the intervention…
Descriptors: Prompting, Teaching Methods, Moderate Intellectual Disability, Time
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Zajic, Matthew; Dunn, Michael; Berninger, Virginia – Topics in Language Disorders, 2019
This study investigated literacy learning in students with specific kinds of language challenges at a specific stage of schooling--transition to high school--when the language requirements of the curriculum can be especially challenging. For this exploratory research, a case study approach was adopted that compared 2 adolescent boys both with…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Oral Language, Written Language
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Murphy, Aoife; Franklin, Sue; Breen, Annemarie; Hanlon, Molly; McNamara, Aoife; Bogue, Aine; James, Emily – Child Language Teaching and Therapy, 2017
Young people from areas of socioeconomic disadvantage (SED) are more likely to present with language difficulties, particularly vocabulary difficulties. Studies have shown the effectiveness of vocabulary interventions for children with language impairment but not for adolescents from areas of SED. This article aims to establish the effectiveness…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Teaching Methods, Vocabulary Development, Secondary School Students
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Pennington, Robert; Koehler, Mallory – Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 2017
There is limited research on teaching narrative writing skills to students with moderate to severe intellectual disability. In the current study, we used a multiple probe across participants single case design to evaluate the effects of an intervention package comprised of modeling, story templates, and self-graphing, on the inclusion of story…
Descriptors: Moderate Intellectual Disability, Modeling (Psychology), Story Telling, Intervention
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Proctor, C. Patrick; Harring, Jeffrey R.; Silverman, Rebecca D. – Bilingual Research Journal, 2017
This study explored effects of Spanish oral language skills (vocabulary and syntax) on the development of English oral language skills (vocabulary, morphology, semantics, syntax) and reading comprehension among 156 bilingual Latino children in second through fifth grade whose first language was Spanish and whose second language was English. Using…
Descriptors: Spanish, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction
Olszewski, Arnold; Soto, Xigrid; Goldstein, Howard – Grantee Submission, 2017
Purpose: This study evaluated the efficacy of an instructive feedback strategy for modeling letter names and sounds during presentation of positive feedback within a small group phonological awareness intervention for preschoolers. Method: Two experiments were conducted using multiple baseline designs across children and behaviors. Letter name and…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Feedback (Response), Phonological Awareness, Preschool Children
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Chiang, Hanley; Walsh, Elias; Shanahan, Timothy; Gentile, Claudia; Maccarone, Alyssa; Waits, Tiffany; Carlson, Barbara; Rikoon, Samuel – National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2017
Reading comprehension--the ability to understand the meaning of text--is a foundational ability that enables children to learn in school and throughout life. Children who struggle with reading comprehension in the third or fourth grade are at high risk for dropping out of school, with detrimental effects on their future employment, income, and…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Language Acquisition, Preschool Education, Early Childhood Education
Goldstein, Howard; Kelley, Elizabeth; Greenwood, Charles; McCune, Luke; Carta, Judith; Atwater, Jane; Guerrero, Gabriela; McCarthy, Tanya; Schneider, Naomi; Spencer, Trina – Grantee Submission, 2016
Purpose: We investigated a small-group intervention designed to teach vocabulary and comprehension skills to preschoolers who were at risk for language and reading disabilities. These language skills are important and reliable predictors of later academic achievement. Method: Preschoolers heard prerecorded stories 3 times per week over the course…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Preschool Children, Early Intervention, Reading Difficulties
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Justice, Laura M.; Logan, Jessica A. R.; Kaderavek, Joan N.; Dynia, Jaclyn M. – Exceptional Children, 2015
The purpose of this study was to examine the impacts of print-focused read-alouds, implemented by early childhood special education (ECSE) teachers alone or in conjunction with caregivers, on the print knowledge of children with language impairment (LI). Using random assignment to conditions, children with LI were exposed, over an academic year of…
Descriptors: Oral Reading, Early Childhood Education, Special Education, Special Education Teachers
Kelley, Elizabeth Spencer; Goldstein, Howard; Spencer, Trina D.; Sherman, Amber – Grantee Submission, 2015
This early efficacy study examined the effects of an automated storybook intervention designed to promote school readiness among at-risk prekindergarten children. Story Friends is a small-group intervention in which vocabulary and question-answering lessons are embedded in a series of storybooks.A randomized group design with an embedded…
Descriptors: Intervention, Vocabulary Development, Reading Comprehension, At Risk Students