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Ling, Guangming – Language Assessment Quarterly, 2017
To investigate whether the type of keyboard used in exams introduces any construct-irrelevant variance to the TOEFL iBT Writing scores, we surveyed 17,040 TOEFL iBT examinees from 24 countries on their keyboard-related perceptions and preferences and analyzed the survey responses together with their test scores. Results suggest that controlling…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Language Tests, Second Language Learning, Writing Tests
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Haugh, Michael – Higher Education Research and Development, 2016
International students have continued to be the focus of simplistic stereotyping in media discourse where they are frequently identified as one of the forces behind declining academic standards in Australian universities. Their English language skills, in particular, have continued to be the focus of debate both in the mainstream media and in…
Descriptors: Foreign Students, Foreign Countries, Universities, Higher Education