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Fryer, Luke K.; Ozono, Shuichi; Carter, Peter; Nakao, Kaori; Anderson, Charles J. – Innovation in Language Learning and Teaching, 2014
In numerous Asian-Pacific tertiary contexts--students' chosen department not-with-standing-- second-language study is a requirement for both entry level and graduation. A practice by which Second Language motivation research could benefit from First Language procedures is to acknowledge instrumentality in such nonelective classes. Instrumental…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Required Courses, Second Language Instruction, College Freshmen