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ERIC Number: EJ1100157
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Adolescents' and Emerging Adults' Implicit Attitudes about STEM Careers: "Science Is Not Creative"
Valenti, S. S.; Masnick, A. M.; Cox, B. D.; Osman, C. J.
Science Education International, v27 n1 p40-58 2016
Although interest in science and math is often high in the elementary grades, interest in choosing science and math careers drops off beginning in junior high school for both genders, but especially for girls. By high school, a shift towards increased rigor is often accompanied by a lack of creativity in the way that scientific disciplines are taught. The Implicit Association Test (IAT) was administered to male and female high school students to test their implicit associations of science with creativity. In a follow-up study, the IAT was administered to male and female college students in order to measure implicit associations of science with creativity, and associations of science with self. Results showed that the association of science with lack of creativity was present for young women in high school as well as college, but for young men the science-uncreative association was evident only among the college population. Only college-aged women showed a significant association of science with others (not self). Interest in science careers for women, but not for men, was predicted by a science-creative implicit association. These findings underscore the importance of implicit beliefs about the nature of scientific practice for understanding adolescents' and emerging adults' interest in science careers.
Descriptors: STEM Education, Student Attitudes, High School Students, Career Choice, Creativity, Gender Differences, Adolescents, Scientific Principles, Correlation, Scientific Concepts, College Students
International Council of Associations for Science Education. Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Education, Buca, Izmir 35150, Turkey. Tel: +90-532-4267927; Fax: +90-232-4204895; Web site: http://icaseonline.net
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New York
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Test of Science Related Attitudes