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Efrat, Merav W. – Contemporary Issues in Education Research, 2017
Insufficient physical activity during the elementary school years has been associated with a number of health problems (Strong et al., 2006). During the school day, the recess period provides the greatest opportunity for children to engage in physical activity (Robert Wood Johnson, 2007). Nonetheless, most children spend the majority of their…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Self Efficacy, Elementary School Students
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Sutter, Carolyn; Nishina, Adrienne; Scherr, Rachel E.; Zidenberg-Cherr, Sheri; Ontai, Lenna L. – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2016
Childhood obesity continues to be a major concern in the United States, warranting a comprehensive approach. However, the majority of research studies continue to neglect the influence of peers on dietary behaviors. The present descriptive study aimed to provide information about the ways peers directly shape dietary choices via food exchanges…
Descriptors: Food, Obesity, Peer Relationship, Intervention
La Marca, Jeffry P.; O'Connor, Rollanda E. – Grantee Submission, 2016
Research consistently demonstrates that attention deficits have a deleterious effect on academic achievement. Impairments in attention, and not hyperactivity/impulsivity, are associated with learning difficulties and academic problems in students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). To date, most studies have focused on symptoms…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Neurology, Biofeedback, Intervention
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Graham, Sandra; Taylor, April; Hudley, Cynthia – Urban Education, 2015
A 12-week, 32-lesson afterschool intervention was conducted with third-to fifth-grade urban African American boys classified as aggressive. Grounded in attribution theory and organized around the construct of perceived responsibility in self and others, the intervention focused on increasing both social skills and academic motivation. Participants…
Descriptors: Males, African Americans, Aggression, Intervention
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Khaokham, Christina B.; Hillidge, Sharon; Serpas, Shaila; McDonald, Eric; Nader, Philip R. – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: Approximately one third of California school-age children are overweight or obese. Legislative approaches to assessing obesity have focused on school-based data collection. During 2010-2011, the Chula Vista Elementary School District conducted districtwide surveillance and state-mandated physical fitness testing (PFT) among fifth grade…
Descriptors: Body Height, Body Weight, Body Composition, Comparative Analysis
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La Marca, Jeffry Peter – Grantee Submission, 2014
Attention deficit disorders are among the most prevalent and widely studied of all psychiatric disorders. The National Center for Health Statistics reports that 9.0% of children (12.3% of boys and 5.5% of girls) between ages 5 to 17 have been diagnosed with ADHD. Research consistently demonstrates that attention deficits have a deleterious effect…
Descriptors: Biofeedback, Brain, Intervention, Reading Achievement
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Low, Sabina; Van Ryzin, Mark – School Psychology Quarterly, 2014
Bullying prevention efforts have yielded mixed effects over the last 20 years. Program effectiveness is driven by a number of factors (e.g., program elements and implementation), but there remains a dearth of understanding regarding the role of school climate on the impact of bullying prevention programs. This gap is surprising, given research…
Descriptors: Bullying, Prevention, Program Effectiveness, Educational Environment
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Sternberg, Robert J.; Jarvin, Linda; Birney, Damian P.; Naples, Adam; Stemler, Steven E.; Newman, Tina; Otterbach, Renate; Parish, Carolyn; Randi, Judy; Grigorenko, Elena L. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
This study addressed whether prior successes with educational interventions grounded in the theory of successful intelligence could be replicated on a larger scale as the primary basis for instruction in language arts, mathematics, and science. A total of 7,702 4th-grade students in the United States, drawn from 223 elementary school classrooms in…
Descriptors: Success, Intervention, Intelligence, Grade 4
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Rutherford, Teomara; Farkas, George; Duncan, Greg; Burchinal, Margaret; Kibrick, Melissa; Graham, Jeneen; Richland, Lindsey; Tran, Natalie; Schneider, Stephanie; Duran, Lauren; Martinez, Michael E. – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2014
Fifty-two low performing schools were randomly assigned to receive Spatial-Temporal (ST) Math, a supplemental mathematics software and instructional program, in second/third or fourth/fifth grades or to a business-as-usual control. Analyses reveal a negligible effect of ST Math on mathematics scores, which did not differ significantly across…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Intervention
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What Works Clearinghouse, 2013
The "Read Naturally"[R] program is a supplemental reading program that aims to improve reading fluency, accuracy, and comprehension of elementary and middle school students using a combination of texts, audio CDs, and computer software. The program uses one of four products that share a common fluency-building strategy: "Read…
Descriptors: Reading Programs, Intervention, Elementary School Students, Beginning Reading