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Rodriguez-Mojica, Claudia – Literacy Research and Instruction, 2019
This study examines how emergent bilinguals seek help in language arts and how peers respond to their requests for help. Using 6 months of naturally occurring student talk in a U.S. fourth grade classroom, this article shows that (a) emergent bilinguals more frequently use general requests than specific requests to obtain help, (b) only 41% of…
Descriptors: Bilingual Students, Language Arts, Help Seeking, Peer Relationship
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Hiebert, Elfrieda H.; Scott, Judith A.; Castaneda, Ruben; Spichtig, Alexandra – Education Sciences, 2019
The two studies reported on in this paper examine the features of words that distinguish students' performances on vocabulary assessments as a means of understanding what contributes to the ease or difficulty of vocabulary knowledge. The two studies differ in the type of assessment, the types of words that were studied, and the grade levels and…
Descriptors: Difficulty Level, English Language Learners, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students
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Park, Youngmin; Xu, Ying; Collins, Penelope; Farkas, George; Warschauer, Mark – British Journal of Educational Technology, 2019
The current study examines the effects of digital scaffolding on the English literacy of fourth- and sixth-grade students. A total of 1085 native English-speaking and language minority students from 25 treatment classes and 20 control classes across three school districts participated in this study for one school year. Treatment students read…
Descriptors: English, Language Arts, Literacy Education, Teaching Methods
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Banes, Leslie C.; Ambrose, Rebecca C.; Bayley, Robert; Restani, Rachel M.; Martin, Heather A. – Journal of Language, Identity, and Education, 2018
This mixed-method study examines the relationship between classroom discussion and student performance in twenty 3rd and 4th grade classrooms in northern California with 50% English language learners (ELLs). Discussions were scored on features including use of multiple approaches for solving problems, students' opportunities to speak, equitable…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Tests, Problem Solving
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Graves, Michael F.; Ringstaff, Cathy; Li, Linlin; Flynn, Kylie – Reading Psychology, 2018
This study examined the effects of three trials of a one-semester program designed to teach word learning strategies. Together, the three trials included 320 fourth- and fifth-grade students from diverse backgrounds. Trial 1 showed that the program significantly increased students? scores on an experimenter-designed test. Trial 2 again showed that…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Learning Strategies, Vocabulary, Grade 4
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Hansen, Laurie E.; Collins, Penelope – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2015
This study investigated children's access to books, narrow independent reading volume, and growth in vocabulary knowledge and comprehension. Two hundred-twenty English language learners and native-English speaking children from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds were given measures of vocabulary and literacy in the fall and spring of fourth grade.…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Independent Reading, Books, Vocabulary
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Perez, Maria; Kennedy, Alec – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2014
The number of students that live in families where a language other than English is spoken has risen relative to the English-only households in the United States over the last 25 years. These students face the dual challenge of mastering English while acquiring academic skills and knowledge. The education of these students has been shaped by…
Descriptors: Language of Instruction, English Language Learners, Classroom Environment, Barriers
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Rutherford, Teomara; Farkas, George; Duncan, Greg; Burchinal, Margaret; Kibrick, Melissa; Graham, Jeneen; Richland, Lindsey; Tran, Natalie; Schneider, Stephanie; Duran, Lauren; Martinez, Michael E. – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2014
Fifty-two low performing schools were randomly assigned to receive Spatial-Temporal (ST) Math, a supplemental mathematics software and instructional program, in second/third or fourth/fifth grades or to a business-as-usual control. Analyses reveal a negligible effect of ST Math on mathematics scores, which did not differ significantly across…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Mathematics, Intervention
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Warschauer, Mark; Zheng, Binbin; Niiya, Melissa; Cotten, Shelia; Farkas, George – Equity & Excellence in Education, 2014
Seeking to improve teaching and learning and to narrow gaps between students of high and low socioeconomic status, many school districts in the United States are implementing one-to-one laptop programs. In this comparative case study, we examine one-to-one laptop programs in Colorado, California, and Alabama, all of which deployed low-cost netbook…
Descriptors: Laptop Computers, Access to Computers, Comparative Analysis, Case Studies
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Knight-Teague, Kerri; Vanderwood, Michael L.; Knight, Erin – School Psychology Review, 2014
Oral reading fluency is frequently used in school settings to assess student reading skills, but it is somewhat commonly believed that some students can read words fluently while not comprehending (i.e., word callers). Previous studies examining the prevalence of word callers typically included native English speakers rather than English learners…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Grade 3, Grade 5, Oral Reading