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Camarco, Lisa – ProQuest LLC, 2016
This study sought an understanding of the current trends in the lack of females in leadership positions within collegiate athletic departments amongst California Community Colleges. The passage of Title IX created a new funding stream for women's athletics, resulting in male coaches and administrators entering into the female realm, therefore…
Descriptors: Females, College Athletics, Leadership, Community Colleges
Moore, Shemmicca M. B. – ProQuest LLC, 2015
The academic achievement gap between male and female students set in motion a flurry of initiatives to help address male underachievement. The amendments made to Title IX allowed single-gender education to become a viable option for addressing those gaps in achievement. After the adjustments made to Title IX, South Carolina led the nation in the…
Descriptors: Administrators, Teacher Attitudes, Single Sex Classes, Public Schools
Holmgreen, Judith Kaye – ProQuest LLC, 2014
Bullying is a problem in our schools. Bullying behavior was easier to curtail when it was face-to-face, but now, through the Internet, Bullying has transmogriphied into a form that one cannot escape. Hurtful and hate-filled messages printed "in perpetuity." The messages torment victims twenty-four hours a day, seven days a week. Many…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Superintendents, Administrator Attitudes
Ramsey, Jeffrey T. – ProQuest LLC, 2014
Signed into law in 1972, Title IX of the Education Amendments was designed to eliminate gender discrimination throughout the American educational system. Title IX applied to all educational programs at any level of schooling including admissions, financial aid, academic programs, and social organizations. However, Title IX has primarily been…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Equal Education, Sex Fairness
Kenney, Cynthia A. – ProQuest LLC, 2013
Title IX was enacted over 40 years ago, and although there have been marked increases in the number of girls and women participating in athletics at every level, gender equity in athletics continues to be a concern. This is especially evident at the community college level. Title IX requires equity in the areas of opportunities for participation,…
Descriptors: Females, Athletic Coaches, Sex Fairness, Educational Legislation
Rowland, John W. – ProQuest LLC, 2012
The allocation of resources and participation opportunities in intercollegiate athletics has been a debate among researchers for nearly 40 years. Title IX and traditionally male-dominated budgeting practices continue to be opposing forces that shape the financial and gender makeup of university athletic departments. In fact, the need to be Title…
Descriptors: College Athletics, Intercollegiate Cooperation, Decision Making, Compliance (Legal)
Thiele, Margaret – ProQuest LLC, 2012
In 2008 the Michigan State Board of Education adopted new certification standards for teacher preparation institutions training elementary classroom teachers. Eight content areas were identified, one of which was visual and performing arts. Standard 1.5, Visual and Performing Arts states candidates are to demonstrate knowledge and understanding in…
Descriptors: Preservice Teacher Education, Elementary Education, Music Education, Education Courses
Brown, Cory Terrell – ProQuest LLC, 2012
The Title IX legislation of 1972 was established to promote gender equity among public entities (primarily schools) that utilize federal funding to support and sustain their operation. However, the United States (U.S.) Government developed new regulations for Title IX due to No Child Left Behind (NCLB). This change allowed public school districts…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Equal Education, Sex Fairness
Van Daniel, Roderick – ProQuest LLC, 2012
Title IX's legislation has been in place since 1972 and has affected female participation in a positive form towards gender equity. However many institution sill have difficulty complying with the standards mandated by Title IX. Gender equity is established by meeting substantial proportionality, continued expansion, or full accommodations prongs…
Descriptors: College Athletics, Sex Fairness, Community Colleges, Public Colleges
Dahl, Gabriel Grawe – ProQuest LLC, 2012
The purpose of this study was to investigate North Dakota's Normal Competitive Region (NDNCR) high school athletic administrators' perceptions of 2010 Title IX policy changes respective to their athletic programs. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected to investigate the perceptions. Quantitatively, perception data were gathered from a…
Descriptors: Athletics, Administrators, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation
O'Neill, Lisa – ProQuest LLC, 2011
The gender gap in achievement and the increasing awareness of differences between male and female cognitive development have ignited a growing interest in single-sex education. No Child Left Behind legislation and amendments to Title IX legislation have increased the number of schools in America offering single-sex education. This 2-year…
Descriptors: Single Sex Classes, Gender Differences, Achievement Gains, Mathematics Achievement
Conrad-Curry, Dea – ProQuest LLC, 2011
Opportunity to learn via public education has origins in the mid-nineteenth-century as a response to Horace Mann's argument that educating girls as well as boys would build a collectively more prosperous society. Over the years, educational reform through the judicial and legislative branches of government has continued to balance opportunity to…
Descriptors: Educational Trends, Trend Analysis, High School Students, Measures (Individuals)
Olson, Christine A. – ProQuest LLC, 2010
In an effort to implement school reform to meet the needs of a changing society, schools have taken action to assist students in achieving proficiency on standardized tests by implementing departmentalized gender-inclusive classroom environments in the public school system. Research conducted in M. Gurian and P. Henley's (2001) "Boys and…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Program Effectiveness, Educational Change, Standardized Tests
Bardo, David B. – ProQuest LLC, 2010
The Communities For Equity was a group of Michigan mothers who filed a Title IX discrimination suit against the Michigan High School Athletic Association due to its athletic scheduling practices. The 10-year court battle went all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court. This case study reviewed the policy decisions of the Wisconsin Interscholastic…
Descriptors: High Schools, Scheduling, Extramural Athletics, Court Litigation
Causby, Cory Scott – ProQuest LLC, 2010
Although Title IX legislation has been in effect since 1972 and has created unprecedented positive change on intercollegiate athletics, educational institutions have still had difficulty meeting the basic requirements set forth by Title IX and ensuring gender equity in their athletic programs. Additionally, specific research has been largely…
Descriptors: Two Year Colleges, Federal Legislation, Compliance (Legal), Sex Fairness
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