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Rafa, Alyssa – Education Commission of the States, 2018
The practice of seclusion generally refers to procedures that isolate a student from others, while restraint refers to the physical holding or mechanical restriction of a student's movement. While these practices are typically utilized as tools for addressing imminent safety concerns, the use of restraint or seclusion on students who are…
Descriptors: Discipline Policy, Discipline Problems, School Policy, State Legislation
Rafa, Alyssa – Education Commission of the States, 2018
Suspensions and expulsions have long been employed in schools to discipline students for disruptive behavior and maintain a safe school environment. However, a growing body of research suggests that these types of disciplinary interventions negatively impact student achievement and increase both students' risk of dropping out and their likelihood…
Descriptors: Suspension, Expulsion, Discipline Problems, Behavior Problems
Horn, Aaron S.; Parks, Jennifer L.; Zinth, Jennifer Dounay; Sisneros, Lauren – Education Commission of the States, 2018
This report seeks to inform state policy for increasing the supply of high school instructors who are qualified to teach in dual enrollment programs. First, a brief definition of dual enrollment is provided. Second, results are presented from a content analysis of state policies for dual enrollment instructor qualifications. Third, the faculty…
Descriptors: Teacher Supply and Demand, Secondary School Teachers, High Schools, Teacher Qualifications
Pingel, Sarah – Education Commission of the States, 2017
This Policy Snapshot explores need-based financial aid programs across the country and highlights state program examples, grant and scholarship expenditure amounts, and recent legislative activity.
Descriptors: Student Financial Aid, Need Analysis (Student Financial Aid), Educational Policy, State Aid
Wixom, Micah Ann – Education Commission of the States, 2017
Open-enrollment policies allow students to transfer from one public school to another of their choice. While open-enrollment policies involve students transferring to another school or district, the specifics of these policies vary significantly across states. States' open-enrollment policies may allow for voluntary or mandatory participation at…
Descriptors: Open Enrollment, Public Schools, Educational Legislation, State Legislation
Perez, Zeke, Jr. – Education Commission of the States, 2017
This Policy Snapshot defines and explores statewide longitudinal data systems, as well as relevant 2016 and 2017 legislation.
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Data Collection, Educational Policy, State Policy
Railey, Hunter – Education Commission of the States, 2017
This 50-State Review provides an overview of governance structures in the states, as well as implications for practice, deep dives into four governance models and examples of other governance models. One appendix, State Education Governance Models by State, is included.
Descriptors: Governance, State Government, Models, State Policy
Brennan, Jan; Railey, Hunter – Education Commission of the States, 2017
The Civics Education Initiative is a project of the Joe Foss Institute, a nonprofit dedicated to shaping "young Americans for civic engagement as voters and informed members of their community." The three-year initiative, which launched in September 2015 and concludes in September 2017, has three goals: (1) To ensure students graduate…
Descriptors: Civics, Citizenship Education, Citizen Participation, Voting
Aragon, Stephanie – Education Commission of the States, 2017
This policy report defines and provides a 50-state review of teacher license reciprocity, explores how state-specific licensing requirements impact the teacher labor market, and includes examples of national and state efforts to facilitate reciprocity.
Descriptors: Teacher Certification, Geographic Location, Interstate Programs, Labor Market
Diffey, Louisa; Steffes, Sarah – Education Commission of the States, 2017
This 50-State Review defines and explores free and compulsory education, and includes state examples, policy considerations, exemptions and requirements.
Descriptors: Compulsory Education, School Entrance Age, State Policy, Educational Policy
Sisneros, Lauren; Sponsler, Brian A. – Education Commission of the States, 2016
States and students are increasingly turning to online education programs to provide access to postsecondary education and support credential completion. Recent data indicate that more than 25 percent of postsecondary students take some portion of their coursework online, with 13 percent of students doing so exclusively. Additionally, an…
Descriptors: State Policy, Municipalities, Information Networks, Two Year Colleges
Parker, Emily; Atchison, Bruce; Workman, Emily – Education Commission of the States, 2016
This report highlights significant investments made by both Republican and Democratic policymakers in state-funded pre-k programs for the fourth year in a row. In the 2015-16 budget year, 32 states and the District of Columbia raised funding levels of pre-k programs. This increased support for preschool funding came from both sides of the…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, State Aid, Annual Reports, Trend Analysis
Aragon, Stephanie – Education Commission of the States, 2016
The "State of the States 2016" summarizes state policies for arts education identified in statute or administrative code for all 50 states and the District of Columbia. Information is based on a comprehensive search of state education statute and codes on each state's relevant websites. Complete results from this review are available in…
Descriptors: Art Education, Educational Policy, State Policy, Early Childhood Education
Parker, Emily – Education Commission of the States, 2016
Within the constitution of each of the 50 states, there is language that mandates the creation of a public education system. The authority for public education falls to states because of a 1973 Supreme Court case which determined that the federal government has no responsibility to provide systems of public education. These constitutional…
Descriptors: Public Education, Constitutional Law, State Government, Court Litigation
Parker, Emily; Griffith, Michael – Education Commission of the States, 2016
In recent decades, states and districts have moved toward making education more equitable. A key component of equity in education is providing additional funds for economically disadvantaged students, commonly referred to as "at-risk students." At-risk students are most often defined as students who qualify for free or reduced priced…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, At Risk Students, Low Income Students, State Aid
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