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Halkitis, Perry N.; Wolitski, Richard J.; Millett, Gregorio A. – American Psychologist, 2013
Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) have been disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS since the beginning of the epidemic in the United States and in many other parts of the world. The HIV epidemic is inextricably tied to other health problems that disproportionately affect gay, bisexual, and other MSM including…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Gender Discrimination, Homosexuality
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Des Jarlais, Don C.; McCarty, Dennis; Vega, William A.; Bramson, Heidi – American Psychologist, 2013
Racial/ethnic disparities in HIV infection, with minority groups typically having higher rates of infection, are a formidable public health challenge. In the United States, among both men and women who inject drugs, HIV infection rates are elevated among Hispanics and non-Hispanic Blacks. A meta-analysis of international research concluded that…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Evidence, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Risk
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Pellowski, Jennifer A.; Kalichman, Seth C.; Matthews, Karen A.; Adler, Nancy – American Psychologist, 2013
The U.S. HIV/AIDS epidemic has evolved over the past 30 years and is now concentrated in socially marginalized and disenfranchised communities. The health disparities in this epidemic are striking, with most HIV infections occurring in sexual minorities and communities of color. While widely recognized, the health disparities in HIV and AIDS are…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Epidemiology, Disease Incidence
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Prado, Guillermo; Lightfoot, Marguerita; Brown, C. Hendricks – American Psychologist, 2013
The HIV epidemic continues to disproportionately affect ethnic minority youth. These disconcerting health disparities indicate that although existing HIV preventive strategies for ethnic minority youth have been efficacious, they have not significantly reduced the impact of the epidemic in this population. Macro-level interventions, such as…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Prevention, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Behavioral Sciences
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Grossman, Cynthia I.; Purcell, David W.; Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane; Veniegas, Rosemary – American Psychologist, 2013
Despite advances in HIV prevention and care, African Americans and Latino Americans remain at much higher risk of acquiring HIV, are more likely to be unaware of their HIV-positive status, are less likely to be linked to and retained in care, and are less likely to have suppressed viral load than are Whites. The first National HIV/AIDS Strategy…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Prevention, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Intervention
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Wyatt, Gail E.; Gomez, Cynthia A.; Hamilton, Alison B.; Valencia-Garcia, Dellanira; Gant, Larry M.; Graham, Charles E. – American Psychologist, 2013
This article articulates a contextualized understanding of gender and ethnicity as interacting social determinants of HIV risk and acquisition, with special focus on African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos--2 ethnic groups currently at most risk for HIV/AIDS acquisition in the United States. First, sex and gender are defined. Second, a conceptual…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Ethnicity, Gender Issues