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Ferguson, Christopher J. – American Psychologist, 2013
In June 2011 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that video games enjoy full free speech protections and that the regulation of violent game sales to minors is unconstitutional. The Supreme Court also referred to psychological research on violent video games as "unpersuasive" and noted that such research contains many methodological flaws.…
Descriptors: Video Games, Violence, Court Litigation, Federal Courts
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King, Bruce M. – American Psychologist, 2013
Obesity has become a true pandemic. In the United States, over two thirds of adults are obese or overweight. The prevalence of obesity has doubled since 1980. The increase in the prevalence of obese and overweight individuals has happened too rapidly for it to be due to an alteration in the genome. The gastrointestinal, sensory (taste and…
Descriptors: Obesity, Public Health, Olfactory Perception, Food
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Halkitis, Perry N.; Wolitski, Richard J.; Millett, Gregorio A. – American Psychologist, 2013
Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) have been disproportionately affected by HIV and AIDS since the beginning of the epidemic in the United States and in many other parts of the world. The HIV epidemic is inextricably tied to other health problems that disproportionately affect gay, bisexual, and other MSM including…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Gender Discrimination, Homosexuality
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Des Jarlais, Don C.; McCarty, Dennis; Vega, William A.; Bramson, Heidi – American Psychologist, 2013
Racial/ethnic disparities in HIV infection, with minority groups typically having higher rates of infection, are a formidable public health challenge. In the United States, among both men and women who inject drugs, HIV infection rates are elevated among Hispanics and non-Hispanic Blacks. A meta-analysis of international research concluded that…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Evidence, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Risk
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Pellowski, Jennifer A.; Kalichman, Seth C.; Matthews, Karen A.; Adler, Nancy – American Psychologist, 2013
The U.S. HIV/AIDS epidemic has evolved over the past 30 years and is now concentrated in socially marginalized and disenfranchised communities. The health disparities in this epidemic are striking, with most HIV infections occurring in sexual minorities and communities of color. While widely recognized, the health disparities in HIV and AIDS are…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Epidemiology, Disease Incidence
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Prado, Guillermo; Lightfoot, Marguerita; Brown, C. Hendricks – American Psychologist, 2013
The HIV epidemic continues to disproportionately affect ethnic minority youth. These disconcerting health disparities indicate that although existing HIV preventive strategies for ethnic minority youth have been efficacious, they have not significantly reduced the impact of the epidemic in this population. Macro-level interventions, such as…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Prevention, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Behavioral Sciences
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Grossman, Cynthia I.; Purcell, David W.; Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane; Veniegas, Rosemary – American Psychologist, 2013
Despite advances in HIV prevention and care, African Americans and Latino Americans remain at much higher risk of acquiring HIV, are more likely to be unaware of their HIV-positive status, are less likely to be linked to and retained in care, and are less likely to have suppressed viral load than are Whites. The first National HIV/AIDS Strategy…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Prevention, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Intervention
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Wyatt, Gail E.; Gomez, Cynthia A.; Hamilton, Alison B.; Valencia-Garcia, Dellanira; Gant, Larry M.; Graham, Charles E. – American Psychologist, 2013
This article articulates a contextualized understanding of gender and ethnicity as interacting social determinants of HIV risk and acquisition, with special focus on African Americans and Hispanics/Latinos--2 ethnic groups currently at most risk for HIV/AIDS acquisition in the United States. First, sex and gender are defined. Second, a conceptual…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Ethnicity, Gender Issues
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Lott, Bernice – American Psychologist, 2012
In the United States, one is born into a family that can be identified as working class, middle class, or affluent--divisions that denote status and power, as defined by access to resources. This article explores the relationships between social class membership and a wide array of personal and social daily life experiences. It concludes with a…
Descriptors: Middle Class, Social Psychology, Working Class, Low Income Groups
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American Psychologist, 2012
Presents a short biography of the winner of the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Early Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest. The 2012 winner is Marguerita Lightfoot for her leadership, innovation, and commitment to applying psychological principles to develop behavioral health interventions for…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Recognition (Achievement), Innovation, Foreign Countries
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Raver, C. Cybele – American Psychologist, 2012
Over 21% of children in the United States today are poor, and the income gap between our nation's richest and poorest children has widened dramatically over time. This article considers children's self-regulation as a key mediating mechanism through which poverty has deleterious consequences for their later life outcomes. Evidence from field…
Descriptors: Evidence, Policy Formation, Social Change, Poverty
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Lowman, Robert P.; Benjamin, Ludy T., Jr. – American Psychologist, 2012
When Congress created the National Medal of Science in 1959 to be awarded by the president of the United States, psychology was not among the eligible sciences. A concerted lobbying effort in the late 1970s changed that situation, adding social and behavioral sciences to the listing of eligible disciplines. This article describes how the award…
Descriptors: Eligibility, Awards, Psychology, Psychologists
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Yoshikawa, Hirokazu; Aber, J. Lawrence; Beardslee, William R. – American Psychologist, 2012
This article considers the implications for prevention science of recent advances in research on family poverty and children's mental, emotional, and behavioral health. First, we describe definitions of poverty and the conceptual and empirical challenges to estimating the causal effects of poverty on children's mental, emotional, and behavioral…
Descriptors: Poverty, Children, Adolescents, Youth
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Woodley, Michael A.; Meisenberg, Gerhard – American Psychologist, 2012
Comments on the original article, "Intelligence: New findings and theoretical developments," by R. E. Nisbett, J. Aronson, C. Blair, W. Dickens, J. Flynn, D. F. Halpern, and E. Turkheimer (see record 2011-30298-001). This comment challenges Nisbett et al's argument that Flynn effect gains will eliminate cross-national IQ inequalities…
Descriptors: Intelligence Tests, Intelligence, Foreign Countries, Intelligence Quotient
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Wood, Dustin; Rogers, Katherine H. – American Psychologist, 2011
Comments on an article by Rentfrow. The existence of real differences in personality-related characteristics across geographical regions is becoming increasingly clear. The current authors believe that the research reviewed by Rentfrow (September 2010) linking U.S. state averages of self-reported responses to personality surveys to a wide variety…
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Geographic Regions, Differences, Regional Characteristics
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