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OECD Publishing, 2018
While policy debate is often focused on the whole teaching profession, primary and secondary teachers differ in more ways than one. While all countries require teachers to have at least a bachelor degree to enter the profession in primary or lower secondary education, the structure and content of the programmes vary and are less geared towards…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Secondary School Teachers, Comparative Analysis, Educational Indicators
Chmielewski, Anna K. – OECD Publishing, 2018
It is well-known that there are large disparities in academic achievement between children of different socio-economic status (SES) backgrounds. This study examines the evolution of disparities in literacy skills between adults of different SES backgrounds. It compares countries' patterns in the evolution of disparities in literacy by SES…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Socioeconomic Background, Academic Achievement, Adults
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Jacobs, Babs; Wolbers, Maarten H. J. – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2018
This article examines the extent to which parental socioeconomic status (SES) affects the likelihood of a child becoming a top-performing student, offering an international perspective by reporting this relationship in 31 developed countries. The impact of 3 important educational system characteristics (differentiation in terms of early tracking,…
Descriptors: Parent Background, Socioeconomic Status, Probability, Academic Achievement
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Luschei, Thomas F.; Jeong, Dong Wook – Educational Researcher, 2018
Although substantial evidence from the United States suggests that more qualified teachers are disproportionately concentrated in the schools and classrooms of academically and socioeconomically advantaged children, it is not clear whether the problem of teacher sorting is global in scope. This study uses data from the 2013 Teaching and Learning…
Descriptors: Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Distribution, Comparative Education, Foreign Countries
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Yilmaz, Ercan; Sahin, Mehmet; Turgut, Mehmet – Journal of Education and Practice, 2017
In this study, the variables having impact on the student motivation have been analyzed based on the articles, conference papers, master's theses and doctoral dissertations published in the years 2000-2017. A total of 165 research papers were selected for the research material and the data were collected through qualitative research techniques…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Student Motivation, Literature Reviews
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Massing, Natascha; Schneider, Silke L. – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: Educational qualifications and literacy skills are highly related. This is not surprising as it is one aim of educational systems to equip individuals with competencies necessary to take part in society. Because of this relationship educational qualifications are often used as a proxy for "human capital". However, from a…
Descriptors: Qualifications, Educational Attainment, Adult Literacy, Human Capital
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Verger, Antoni; Fontdevila, Clara; Zancajo, Adrián – Journal of Education Policy, 2017
Over the last two decades, education privatization has become a widespread phenomenon, affecting most education systems and giving place to a consistent increase in private school enrolment globally. However, far from being a monolithic phenomenon, privatization advances through a variety of context-sensitive policy processes that translate into…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Privatization, Global Approach, Educational Policy
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Hoelscher, Michael – Research in Comparative and International Education, 2017
This article argues that strong interrelations between methodological and theoretical advances exist. Progress in, especially comparative, methods may have important impacts on theory evaluation. By using the example of the "Varieties of Capitalism" approach and an international comparison of higher education systems, it can be shown…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Comparative Education, Research Methodology, Cross Cultural Studies
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Skolnik, Michael – Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 2016
This article was written in response to concerns that have been expressed about the possible consequences of an increasing number of countries overtaking the United States in educational attainment. International statistics on educational attainment were analyzed, questions about comparability of data were discussed, and the impact of different…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Institutional Characteristics, Reputation, Educational Attainment
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Liu, Ye; Green, Andy; Pensiero, Nicola – Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 2016
This study extends the comparative model of country groups to analyse the cross-national trends in the higher education expansion and opportunities. We use descriptive data on characteristics and outcomes of higher education systems in different countries groups, including the liberal market countries, the social democratic countries, the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Educational Trends, Trend Analysis
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van Hek, Margriet; Kraaykamp, Gerbert; Wolbers, Maarten H. J. – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2016
Nowadays, women outperform men in educational attainment in many countries. Still, large variation between countries remains. Emancipatory contexts in which individuals are raised might explain these differences in male-female educational attainment, both over time and across countries. This study examines individual and contextual factors that…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Gender Differences, Educational Attainment
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Dorling, Danny; Tomlinson, Sally – Journal for Critical Education Policy Studies, 2016
The old myth about the ability and variability of potential in children is a comforting myth, for those who are uneasy with the degree of inequality they see and would rather seek to justify it than confront it. The myth of inherent potential helps some explain to themselves why they are privileged. Extend the myth to believe in inherited ability…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Misconceptions, Ability, Academic Aptitude
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Chmielewski, Anna K.; Reardon, Sean F. – AERA Open, 2016
In a recent paper, Reardon found that the relationship between family income and children's academic achievement grew substantially stronger in the 1980s and 1990s in the United States. We provide an international context for these results by examining the income-achievement association in 19 other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and…
Descriptors: Income, Achievement Gap, Academic Achievement, Family Income
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Castejón, Alba; Zancajo, Adrián – European Educational Research Journal, 2015
This article focuses on analysing the effect of educational differentiation policies of OECD educational systems on socioeconomically disadvantaged students, based on data from PISA 2009. The analysis is conducted on the basis of a definition of two subgroups of disadvantaged students: those that achieve high scores, and those obtaining scores…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Individualized Programs
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Green, Andy; Green, Francis; Pensiero, Nicola – Comparative Education Review, 2015
This article examines cross-country variations in adult skills inequality and asks why skills in Anglophone countries are so unequal. Drawing on the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's recent Survey of Adult Skills and other surveys, it investigates the differences across countries and country groups in inequality in both…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, English, Comparative Education, Adult Literacy
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