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Ghasemi, Ehsan; Burley, Hansel; Safadel, Parviz – New Waves-Educational Research and Development Journal, 2019
Women's underrepresentation in mathematics-related careers continues to concern policymakers, economists, and educators. This study addressed the issue by examining data from two international databases, namely IEA's "Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study 2015," and the World Economic Forum's "Global Gender Gap…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students
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Marsh, Herbert W.; Abduljabbar, Adel Salah; Parker, Philip D.; Morin, Alexandre J. S.; Abdelfattah, Faisal; Nagengast, Benjamin; Möller, Jens; Abu-Hilal, Maher M. – American Educational Research Journal, 2015
The internal/external frame of reference (I/E) model and dimensional comparison theory posit paradoxical relations between achievement (ACH) and self-concept (SC) in mathematics (M) and verbal (V) domains; ACH in each domain positively affects SC in the matching domain (e.g., MACH to MSC) but negatively in the nonmatching domain (e.g., MACH to…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Cultural Differences, Academic Achievement, Comparative Analysis
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Byun, Soo-yong; Henck, Adrienne; Post, David – Comparative Education Review, 2014
Most existing research indicates that working students perform more poorly than do full-time students on standardized achievement tests. However, we know there are wide international variations in this gap. This article shows that national and international contexts help to explain the gap in the academic performance between working and nonworking…
Descriptors: Student Employment, Academic Achievement, Middle School Students, Grade 8