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Ghasemi, Ehsan; Burley, Hansel; Safadel, Parviz – New Waves-Educational Research and Development Journal, 2019
Women's underrepresentation in mathematics-related careers continues to concern policymakers, economists, and educators. This study addressed the issue by examining data from two international databases, namely IEA's "Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study 2015," and the World Economic Forum's "Global Gender Gap…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students
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Mammadov, Rza; Çimen, Ismail – International Journal of Instruction, 2019
The present study aims to determine the relative efficiency of 28 countries participated in PISA 2015 and TALIS 2013 based on student performance and teacher quality, and to sort the countries according to their efficiency scores by using a super efficiency model. Moreover, this study attempts to reveal important improvements countries must make…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Academic Achievement, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Agasisti, Tommaso; Zoido, Pablo – Educational Researcher, 2018
This paper derives efficiency scores for around 8,500 schools in 30 countries, using Programme for International Student Assessment 2012 data and a nonparametric approach called data envelopment analysis as method. On average, achievement scores of schools can be increased by 27%, holding inputs constant. Efficiency scores vary considerably both…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Jacobs, Babs; Wolbers, Maarten H. J. – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2018
This article examines the extent to which parental socioeconomic status (SES) affects the likelihood of a child becoming a top-performing student, offering an international perspective by reporting this relationship in 31 developed countries. The impact of 3 important educational system characteristics (differentiation in terms of early tracking,…
Descriptors: Parent Background, Socioeconomic Status, Probability, Academic Achievement
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Green, Andy; Pensiero, Nicola – British Educational Research Journal, 2016
Research tells us much about the effects of primary and lower-secondary schooling on skills inequality, but we know less about the impact of the next stage of education. This article uses a differences-in-differences analysis of data on literacy and numeracy skills in PISA 2000 and SAS 2011/12 to assess the contribution of upper-secondary…
Descriptors: Secondary Education, Quasiexperimental Design, Cohort Analysis, Achievement Tests
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Frantz, Roger S.; McClarty, Katie Larsen – Gifted and Talented International, 2016
Educational policies and practices are influenced by cultural, political, and economic factors, and this is also true of specialized educational approaches such as gifted education. Factors such as a country's cultural tendency toward egalitarianism or meritocracy, whether the political system is centralized or decentralized, and the degree to…
Descriptors: Gifted, Special Education, Cultural Influences, Economic Factors
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Marsh, Herbert W.; Abduljabbar, Adel Salah; Parker, Philip D.; Morin, Alexandre J. S.; Abdelfattah, Faisal; Nagengast, Benjamin; Möller, Jens; Abu-Hilal, Maher M. – American Educational Research Journal, 2015
The internal/external frame of reference (I/E) model and dimensional comparison theory posit paradoxical relations between achievement (ACH) and self-concept (SC) in mathematics (M) and verbal (V) domains; ACH in each domain positively affects SC in the matching domain (e.g., MACH to MSC) but negatively in the nonmatching domain (e.g., MACH to…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Cultural Differences, Academic Achievement, Comparative Analysis
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Green, Andy; Green, Francis; Pensiero, Nicola – Comparative Education Review, 2015
This article examines cross-country variations in adult skills inequality and asks why skills in Anglophone countries are so unequal. Drawing on the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's recent Survey of Adult Skills and other surveys, it investigates the differences across countries and country groups in inequality in both…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, English, Comparative Education, Adult Literacy
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Heisig, Jan Paul; Solga, Heike – Sociology of Education, 2015
We investigate the impact of external differentiation and vocational orientation of (lower and upper) secondary education on country variation in the mean numeracy skills of, and skills gaps between, adults with low and intermediate formal qualifications. We use data on 30- to 44-year-olds in 18 countries from the 2011-12 round of the Program for…
Descriptors: Secondary Education, Vocational Education, Numeracy, Adults
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Byun, Soo-yong; Henck, Adrienne; Post, David – Comparative Education Review, 2014
Most existing research indicates that working students perform more poorly than do full-time students on standardized achievement tests. However, we know there are wide international variations in this gap. This article shows that national and international contexts help to explain the gap in the academic performance between working and nonworking…
Descriptors: Student Employment, Academic Achievement, Middle School Students, Grade 8
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Huang, Min-Hsiung – Comparative Education Review, 2013
As more primary and secondary students worldwide seek after-school tutoring in academic subjects, concerns are being raised about whether after-school tutoring can raise average test scores without widening the variability in student performance, and whether students of certain ability levels may benefit more than others from after-school…
Descriptors: After School Education, Tutoring, Student Participation, Mathematics Education
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Baird, Katherine – Education Economics, 2012
This paper investigates achievement gaps between low and high socioeconomic students in 19 high-income countries. On average, math scores of students with indicators of high socioeconomic status (SES) are over one standard deviation above those with low SES indicators. The paper estimates the extent to which these achievement gaps can be…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Achievement Gap, Socioeconomic Status, Educational Resources