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Agasisti, Tommaso; Avvisati, Francesco; Borgonovi, Francesca; Longobardi, Sergio – OECD Publishing, 2018
Resilience refers to the capacity of individuals to prosper despite encountering adverse circumstances. This paper defines academic resilience as the ability of 15-year-old students from disadvantaged backgrounds to perform at a certain level in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in reading, mathematics and science that…
Descriptors: Educationally Disadvantaged, Resilience (Psychology), Academic Persistence, Academic Achievement
OECD Publishing, 2018
PISA 2015 data show that, on average across OECD countries, as many as three out of four students from the lowest quarter of socio-economic status reach, at best, only the baseline level of proficiency (Level 2) in reading, mathematics or science. While in Canada, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hong Kong (China), Ireland, Japan, Korea, the…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
Borgonovi, Francesca; Choi, Álvaro; Paccagnella, Marco – OECD Publishing, 2018
Numeracy and literacy skills have become increasingly important in modern labour markets. The large gender differences that several studies have identified have therefore sparked considerable attention among researchers and policy makers. Little is known about the moment in which such gaps emerge, how they evolve and if their evolution differs…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Numeracy, Mathematics Skills, Literacy
OECD Publishing, 2018
"Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators" is the authoritative source for information on the state of education around the world. It provides data on the structure, finances and performance of education systems in the 35 OECD and a number of partner countries. With more than 100 charts and tables, Education at a Glance 2018 imparts key…
Descriptors: Educational Indicators, Foreign Countries, Educational Practices, Outcomes of Education
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Agasisti, Tommaso; Zoido, Pablo – Educational Researcher, 2018
This paper derives efficiency scores for around 8,500 schools in 30 countries, using Programme for International Student Assessment 2012 data and a nonparametric approach called data envelopment analysis as method. On average, achievement scores of schools can be increased by 27%, holding inputs constant. Efficiency scores vary considerably both…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students, Foreign Countries
Avvisati, Francesco – OECD Publishing, 2018
Teachers are the most important school resource. In every country, teachers' salaries and training represent the greatest share of expenditure on education; and this investment in teachers can have significant returns. Research shows that being taught by the best teachers can make a real difference in the learning and life outcomes of otherwise…
Descriptors: Experienced Teachers, Teacher Effectiveness, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests
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Jacobs, Babs; Wolbers, Maarten H. J. – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2018
This article examines the extent to which parental socioeconomic status (SES) affects the likelihood of a child becoming a top-performing student, offering an international perspective by reporting this relationship in 31 developed countries. The impact of 3 important educational system characteristics (differentiation in terms of early tracking,…
Descriptors: Parent Background, Socioeconomic Status, Probability, Academic Achievement
Keslair, François – OECD Publishing, 2018
This paper explores the impact of test-taking conditions on the quality of the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) assessment. Interviewers record information about the room of assessment and interruptions that occurred during each interview. These observations, along with information on interviewer assignment…
Descriptors: Interviews, Testing, Educational Quality, Foreign Countries
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Ingvarson, Lawrence; Rowley, Glenn – Educational Researcher, 2017
This study investigated the relationship between policies related to the recruitment, selection, preparation, and certification of new teachers and (a) the quality of future teachers as measured by their mathematics content and pedagogy content knowledge and (b) student achievement in mathematics at the national level. The study used data…
Descriptors: Quality Assurance, Educational Policy, Teacher Recruitment, Teacher Certification
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Green, Andy; Pensiero, Nicola – British Educational Research Journal, 2016
Research tells us much about the effects of primary and lower-secondary schooling on skills inequality, but we know less about the impact of the next stage of education. This article uses a differences-in-differences analysis of data on literacy and numeracy skills in PISA 2000 and SAS 2011/12 to assess the contribution of upper-secondary…
Descriptors: Secondary Education, Quasiexperimental Design, Cohort Analysis, Achievement Tests
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Braeken, Johan; Blömeke, Sigrid – Assessment & Evaluation in Higher Education, 2016
Using data from the international Teacher Education and Development Study: Learning to Teach Mathematics (TEDS-M), the measurement equivalence of teachers' beliefs across countries is investigated for the case of "mathematics-as-a fixed-ability". Measurement equivalence is a crucial topic in all international large-scale assessments and…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Bayesian Statistics, Test Bias, Teacher Education
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Frantz, Roger S.; McClarty, Katie Larsen – Gifted and Talented International, 2016
Educational policies and practices are influenced by cultural, political, and economic factors, and this is also true of specialized educational approaches such as gifted education. Factors such as a country's cultural tendency toward egalitarianism or meritocracy, whether the political system is centralized or decentralized, and the degree to…
Descriptors: Gifted, Special Education, Cultural Influences, Economic Factors
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Laschke, Christin; Blömeke, Sigrid – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2016
The paper presents the challenges of cross-country and cross-cultural research on the motivation to become a mathematics teacher based on data from the "Teacher Education and Development Study in Mathematics" ("TEDS-M"). Referring to studies from cross-cultural psychology, measurement invariance (MI) of constructs representing…
Descriptors: Teacher Motivation, Mathematics Teachers, Career Choice, Teacher Education
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Green, Andy; Green, Francis; Pensiero, Nicola – Comparative Education Review, 2015
This article examines cross-country variations in adult skills inequality and asks why skills in Anglophone countries are so unequal. Drawing on the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's recent Survey of Adult Skills and other surveys, it investigates the differences across countries and country groups in inequality in both…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, English, Comparative Education, Adult Literacy
Watkins, Ryan; Engel, Laura C.; Hastedt, Dirk – International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, 2015
The rise of digital information and communication technologies (ICT) has made the acquisition of computer and information literacy (CIL) a leading factor in creating an engaged, informed, and employable citizenry. However, are young people, often described as "digital natives" or the "net generation," developing the necessary…
Descriptors: Information Literacy, Information Technology, Influence of Technology, Computer Literacy
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