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Stephens, Maria; Landeros, Katherine; Perkins, Robert; Tang, Judy H. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2016
The Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2015 is the sixth administration of this international comparative study since 1995 when first administered. TIMSS is used to compare over time the mathematics and science knowledge and skills of fourth- and eighth-graders. TIMSS is designed to align broadly with mathematics and…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Foreign Countries, Elementary Secondary Education
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Byun, Soo-yong; Henck, Adrienne; Post, David – Comparative Education Review, 2014
Most existing research indicates that working students perform more poorly than do full-time students on standardized achievement tests. However, we know there are wide international variations in this gap. This article shows that national and international contexts help to explain the gap in the academic performance between working and nonworking…
Descriptors: Student Employment, Academic Achievement, Middle School Students, Grade 8