ERIC Number: ED564130
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2012-Apr-17
Abstractor: As Provided
Demographics and Education: The 20 Richest Countries
Marchant, Gregory J.; Johnson, Jessica J.
Online Submission, Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Vancouver, Canada, Apr 13-17, 2012)
This paper explores the PISA [Programme for International Student Assessment] achievement of twenty countries in light of some of their demographic differences. SES [student socioeconomic status], nuclear family, gender, home language, and native status were predictive of achievement for every country. Demographics accounted for as little as 8 percent to as much as 22 percent of individual score variance depending on the country and subject. Being male was almost a universal advantage in math, but was a far greater disadvantage in reading for every country. The relative performance of some countries changed when scores were adjusted for demographic differences; however, the Asian countries and Finland remained on top. Instructional strategies related to countries performing above expectations were explored.
Descriptors: Demography, International Assessment, Comparative Education, Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement, Socioeconomic Status, Family Characteristics, Gender Differences, Native Language, Language Usage, Predictor Variables, Scores, Mathematics Achievement, Reading Achievement, Multiple Regression Analysis
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Austria; Belgium; Canada; Denmark; Finland; France; Germany; Greece; Hong Kong; Ireland; Japan; Netherlands; Norway; Singapore; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; United Kingdom; United States
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment