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Agasisti, Tommaso; Avvisati, Francesco; Borgonovi, Francesca; Longobardi, Sergio – OECD Publishing, 2018
Resilience refers to the capacity of individuals to prosper despite encountering adverse circumstances. This paper defines academic resilience as the ability of 15-year-old students from disadvantaged backgrounds to perform at a certain level in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in reading, mathematics and science that…
Descriptors: Educationally Disadvantaged, Resilience (Psychology), Academic Persistence, Academic Achievement
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Parker, Philip D.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Guo, Jiesi; Anders, Jake; Shure, Nikki; Dicke, Theresa – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
In this paper, we develop an information distortion model (IDM) of social class differences in self-beliefs and values. The IDM combines psychological biases on frame-of-reference effects with sociological foci on ability stratification. This combination is hypothesized to lead to working-class children having more positive math self-beliefs and…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Academic Aspiration, Social Class, Longitudinal Studies
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Mesman, Judi; van IJzendoorn, Marinus; Behrens, Kazuko; Carbonell, Olga Alicia; Cárcamo, Rodrigo; Cohen-Paraira, Inbar; de la Harpe, Christian; Ekmekçi, Hatice; Emmen, Rosanneke; Heidar, Jailan; Kondo-Ikemura, Kiyomi; Mels, Cindy; Mooya, Haatembo; Murtisari, Sylvia; Nóblega, Magaly; Ortiz, Jenny Amanda; Sagi-Schwartz, Abraham; Sichimba, Francis; Soares, Isabel; Steele, Howard; Steele, Miriam; Pape, Marloes; van Ginkel, Joost; van der Veer, René; Wang, Lamei; Selcuk, Bilge; Yavuz, Melis; Zreik, Ghadir – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2016
In this article, we test the hypothesis that beliefs about the ideal mother are convergent across cultures and that these beliefs overlap considerably with attachment theory's notion of the sensitive mother. In a sample including 26 cultural groups from 15 countries around the globe, 751 mothers sorted the Maternal Behavior Q-Set to reflect their…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Child Rearing, Young Children
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Castejón, Alba; Zancajo, Adrián – European Educational Research Journal, 2015
This article focuses on analysing the effect of educational differentiation policies of OECD educational systems on socioeconomically disadvantaged students, based on data from PISA 2009. The analysis is conducted on the basis of a definition of two subgroups of disadvantaged students: those that achieve high scores, and those obtaining scores…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Individualized Programs