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Price, Heather E.; Weatherby, Kristen – School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2018
To better understand the status of the teaching profession, we present a conceptual framework outlining the 4 domains of knowledge-worker professionals: professional benchmarks, professional discretion, room for promotion, and workplace conditions and use the TALIS 2013 survey data to show that these domains exist globally and vary within…
Descriptors: Teaching (Occupation), Employees, Professional Services, Knowledge Management
Agasisti, Tommaso; Avvisati, Francesco; Borgonovi, Francesca; Longobardi, Sergio – OECD Publishing, 2018
Resilience refers to the capacity of individuals to prosper despite encountering adverse circumstances. This paper defines academic resilience as the ability of 15-year-old students from disadvantaged backgrounds to perform at a certain level in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in reading, mathematics and science that…
Descriptors: Educationally Disadvantaged, Resilience (Psychology), Academic Persistence, Academic Achievement
Kakarmath, Sujay; Denis, Vanessa; Encinas-Martin, Marta; Borgonovi, Francesca; Subramanian, S. V. – OECD Publishing, 2018
We assess the relationship between general literacy skills and health status by analysing data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), an international survey of about 250,000 adults aged 16-65 years conducted by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) from 2011-15 in 33…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adult Literacy, Health, International Assessment
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Hailemariam, Abebe – Journal of Education and Work, 2018
This article examines the long-run effect of higher education, measured in average years of tertiary schooling, on the level and growth rate of national per capita income. It uses an improved dataset on educational attainments which not only reduces measurement error but also overcomes data comparability issues and allows us to estimate the…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Higher Education, Educational History, Human Capital
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Busch, Tobias; Vanpoucke, Filiep; van Wieringen, Astrid – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2017
Purpose: We describe the natural auditory environment of people with cochlear implants (CIs), how it changes across the life span, and how it varies between individuals. Method: We performed a retrospective cross-sectional analysis of Cochlear Nucleus 6 CI sound-processor data logs. The logs were obtained from 1,501 people with CIs (ages 0-96…
Descriptors: Auditory Stimuli, Assistive Technology, Life Cycle Costing, Individual Differences
Borgonovi, Francesca; Pokropek, Artur – OECD Publishing, 2017
The paper examines between-country differences in the mechanisms through which education could promote generalised trust using data from 29 countries participating in the OECD's Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC). Results indicate that education is strongly associated with generalised trust and that a large part of this association is mediated by…
Descriptors: Trust (Psychology), International Assessment, Educational Attainment, Literacy
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Massing, Natascha; Schneider, Silke L. – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: Educational qualifications and literacy skills are highly related. This is not surprising as it is one aim of educational systems to equip individuals with competencies necessary to take part in society. Because of this relationship educational qualifications are often used as a proxy for "human capital". However, from a…
Descriptors: Qualifications, Educational Attainment, Adult Literacy, Human Capital
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Gorges, Julia; Koch, Tobias; Maehler, Débora B.; Offerhaus, Judith – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: Data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) revealed that countries systematically differ in their respondents' literacy, numeracy, and problem solving in technology-rich environments skills; skill levels also vary by gender, age, level of education or migration background. Similarly,…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Adults, Learning Motivation, Measures (Individuals)
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Skolnik, Michael – Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 2016
This article was written in response to concerns that have been expressed about the possible consequences of an increasing number of countries overtaking the United States in educational attainment. International statistics on educational attainment were analyzed, questions about comparability of data were discussed, and the impact of different…
Descriptors: Community Colleges, Institutional Characteristics, Reputation, Educational Attainment
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Castejón, Alba; Zancajo, Adrián – European Educational Research Journal, 2015
This article focuses on analysing the effect of educational differentiation policies of OECD educational systems on socioeconomically disadvantaged students, based on data from PISA 2009. The analysis is conducted on the basis of a definition of two subgroups of disadvantaged students: those that achieve high scores, and those obtaining scores…
Descriptors: Disadvantaged, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Individualized Programs
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Green, Andy; Green, Francis; Pensiero, Nicola – Comparative Education Review, 2015
This article examines cross-country variations in adult skills inequality and asks why skills in Anglophone countries are so unequal. Drawing on the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's recent Survey of Adult Skills and other surveys, it investigates the differences across countries and country groups in inequality in both…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, English, Comparative Education, Adult Literacy
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Grandbois, Jennifer; Beheshti, Jamshid – Information Research: An International Electronic Journal, 2014
Introduction: This study aims to gain a greater understanding of the development of open access practices amongst library and information science authors, since their role is integral to the success of the broader open access movement. Method: Data were collected from scholarly articles about open access by library and information science authors…
Descriptors: Journal Articles, Library Science, Information Science, Access to Information