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Price, Heather E.; Weatherby, Kristen – School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2018
To better understand the status of the teaching profession, we present a conceptual framework outlining the 4 domains of knowledge-worker professionals: professional benchmarks, professional discretion, room for promotion, and workplace conditions and use the TALIS 2013 survey data to show that these domains exist globally and vary within…
Descriptors: Teaching (Occupation), Employees, Professional Services, Knowledge Management
Agasisti, Tommaso; Avvisati, Francesco; Borgonovi, Francesca; Longobardi, Sergio – OECD Publishing, 2018
Resilience refers to the capacity of individuals to prosper despite encountering adverse circumstances. This paper defines academic resilience as the ability of 15-year-old students from disadvantaged backgrounds to perform at a certain level in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in reading, mathematics and science that…
Descriptors: Educationally Disadvantaged, Resilience (Psychology), Academic Persistence, Academic Achievement
Kakarmath, Sujay; Denis, Vanessa; Encinas-Martin, Marta; Borgonovi, Francesca; Subramanian, S. V. – OECD Publishing, 2018
We assess the relationship between general literacy skills and health status by analysing data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), an international survey of about 250,000 adults aged 16-65 years conducted by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) from 2011-15 in 33…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adult Literacy, Health, International Assessment
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Parker, Philip D.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Guo, Jiesi; Anders, Jake; Shure, Nikki; Dicke, Theresa – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
In this paper, we develop an information distortion model (IDM) of social class differences in self-beliefs and values. The IDM combines psychological biases on frame-of-reference effects with sociological foci on ability stratification. This combination is hypothesized to lead to working-class children having more positive math self-beliefs and…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Academic Aspiration, Social Class, Longitudinal Studies
Borgonovi, Francesca; Pokropek, Artur – OECD Publishing, 2017
The paper examines between-country differences in the mechanisms through which education could promote generalised trust using data from 29 countries participating in the OECD's Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC). Results indicate that education is strongly associated with generalised trust and that a large part of this association is mediated by…
Descriptors: Trust (Psychology), International Assessment, Educational Attainment, Literacy
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Massing, Natascha; Schneider, Silke L. – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: Educational qualifications and literacy skills are highly related. This is not surprising as it is one aim of educational systems to equip individuals with competencies necessary to take part in society. Because of this relationship educational qualifications are often used as a proxy for "human capital". However, from a…
Descriptors: Qualifications, Educational Attainment, Adult Literacy, Human Capital
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Gorges, Julia; Koch, Tobias; Maehler, Débora B.; Offerhaus, Judith – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: Data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) revealed that countries systematically differ in their respondents' literacy, numeracy, and problem solving in technology-rich environments skills; skill levels also vary by gender, age, level of education or migration background. Similarly,…
Descriptors: International Assessment, Adults, Learning Motivation, Measures (Individuals)
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Green, Andy; Green, Francis; Pensiero, Nicola – Comparative Education Review, 2015
This article examines cross-country variations in adult skills inequality and asks why skills in Anglophone countries are so unequal. Drawing on the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's recent Survey of Adult Skills and other surveys, it investigates the differences across countries and country groups in inequality in both…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, English, Comparative Education, Adult Literacy