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Rindermann, Heiner; Ceci, Stephen J. – Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 2018
In 19 (sub)samples from seven countries (United States, Austria, Germany, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Vietnam, Brazil), we analyzed the impact of parental education compared with wealth on the cognitive ability of children (aged 4-22 years, total N = 15,297). The background of their families ranged from poor indigenous remote villagers to academic…
Descriptors: Parent Background, Educational Attainment, Parent Child Relationship, Intelligence
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Chiu, Ming Ming; Chow, Bonnie Wing-Yin – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015
Classmates can influence a student's academic achievement through immediate interactions (e.g., academic help, positive attitudes toward reading) or by sharing tangible or intangible family resources (books, stories of foreign travel). Multilevel analysis of 141,019 fourth-grade students' reading achievements in 33 countries showed that…
Descriptors: Peer Influence, Student Characteristics, Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement
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Marsh, Herbert W.; Abduljabbar, Adel Salah; Morin, Alexandre J. S.; Parker, Philip; Abdelfattah, Faisal; Nagengast, Benjamin; Abu-Hilal, Maher M. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015
Extensive support for the seemingly paradoxical negative effects of school- and class-average achievement on academic self-concept (ASC)-the big-fish-little-pond effect (BFLPE)--is based largely on secondary students in Western countries or on cross-cultural Program for International Student Assessment studies. There is little research testing the…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Secondary School Students, Social Influences, Elementary School Students
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Sandilands, Debra; Oliveri, Maria Elena; Zumbo, Bruno D.; Ercikan, Kadriye – International Journal of Testing, 2013
International large-scale assessments of achievement often have a large degree of differential item functioning (DIF) between countries, which can threaten score equivalence and reduce the validity of inferences based on comparisons of group performances. It is important to understand potential sources of DIF to improve the validity of future…
Descriptors: Validity, Measures (Individuals), International Studies, Foreign Countries
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Yang, Yanyun; Chen, Yi-Hsin; Lo, Wen-Juo; Turner, Jeannine E. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2012
Previous studies have shown that method effects associated with item wording produce artifactual factors and threaten scale validity. This study examines item wording effects on a scale of attitudes toward learning mathematics for Taiwanese and U.S. samples. Analyses from a series of CFA (confirmatory factor analysis) models support the presence…
Descriptors: Attitude Measures, Cross Cultural Studies, Test Items, Grade 4
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Kim, Il-Hee; Anderson, Richard C.; Miller, Brian; Jeong, Jongseong; Swim, Terri – Discourse Processes: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 2011
This study investigated the influence of culture and discussion participation on rhetorical patterns in the reflective essays of 238 Korean and 196 American 4th-graders. Results showed significant differences between Korean children's essays and American children's essays in types of reasons, uses of argument elements, and uses of rhetorical…
Descriptors: Persuasive Discourse, Essays, Cultural Differences, Social Attitudes
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Bidjerano, Temi; Newman, Joan – Journal of Early Adolescence, 2010
The study examined boys' and girls' autonomy of choice of activities in the after-school hours with samples of children from two different countries. Preadolescent children from Taiwan (n = 289) and the United States (n = 195) completed a questionnaire on their usual after-school activities indicating who determines the choice of any particular…
Descriptors: Recreational Activities, Females, Foreign Countries, Males
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Kawabata, Yoshito; Crick, Nicki R.; Hamaguchi, Yoshikazu – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2010
The purpose of this study was (1) to evaluate psychometric properties that assess forms of aggression (i.e., relational and physical aggression) across cultures (i.e., Japan and the United States) and (2) to investigate the role of culture in the associations between forms of aggression and social-psychological adjustment problems such as…
Descriptors: Aggression, Foreign Countries, Depression (Psychology), Interpersonal Relationship