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Chmielewski, Anna K. – OECD Publishing, 2018
It is well-known that there are large disparities in academic achievement between children of different socio-economic status (SES) backgrounds. This study examines the evolution of disparities in literacy skills between adults of different SES backgrounds. It compares countries' patterns in the evolution of disparities in literacy by SES…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Socioeconomic Background, Academic Achievement, Adults
Paccagnella, Marco – OECD Publishing, 2016
This paper presents a comprehensive analysis of the link between age and proficiency in information-processing skills, based on information drawn from the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC). The data reveal significant age-related differences in proficiencies, strongly suggesting that proficiency tends to "naturally" decline with age. Age…
Descriptors: Adult Literacy, Surveys, Adults, Age Differences
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Li, Tongyun; von Davier, Matthias; Hancock, Gregory R. – ETS Research Report Series, 2016
This report investigates the prediction of labor force status using observed variables, such as gender, age, and immigrant status, and more importantly, measured skill variables, including literacy proficiency and a categorical rating of educational attainment based on the 1994 International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS), the 2003 Adult Literacy…
Descriptors: Labor Force, Predictor Variables, Gender Differences, Age Differences
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Pena, Anita Alves – Journal of Research and Practice for Adult Literacy, Secondary, and Basic Education, 2016
Mixed findings characterize the literature on skills and economic distributions within and across countries. The Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) offers new, internationally comparable data on literacy, numeracy, and digital problem-solving skills that can be combined with wage information. This paper…
Descriptors: Competence, Adult Literacy, Numeracy, Problem Solving
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Carlson, Ronald; McChesney, Christopher – Journal of Education and Training Studies, 2016
The authors examined the state of United States student academic readiness for higher education from a global perspective utilizing data from the Organization of Economic and Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), which tests over a half a million 15 year old student's skills and knowledge.…
Descriptors: College Readiness, College Preparation, Scores, Comparative Analysis
OECD Publishing, 2014
The Programme for International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) will establish technical standards and guidelines to ensure that the survey design and implementation processes of PIAAC yield high-quality and internationally comparable data. This document provides a revised version of the technical standards and guidelines originally…
Descriptors: Adults, International Assessment, Adult Literacy, Competence
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Goodman, Madeline; Finnegan, Robert; Mohadjer, Leyla; Krenzke, Tom; Hogan, Jacquie – National Center for Education Statistics, 2013
The Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) is a cyclical, large scale study of adult skills and life experience focusing on education and employment that was developed and organized by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). In the United States, the study was conducted in 2011-12 with a…
Descriptors: Adult Literacy, Numeracy, Foreign Countries, Cross Cultural Studies
Ryan, Chris; Sinning, Mathias – National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER), 2011
This report comes from a three-year program of research, "Securing Their Future: Older Workers and the Role of VET." Previous work from the program looked at how well workers were matched to their jobs, based on their literacy and numeracy skills and the use of these skills in the workplace. In a continuation of that work, the research…
Descriptors: Numeracy, Skilled Workers, Foreign Countries, Adult Literacy
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Park, Hyunjoon; Kyei, Pearl – Social Forces, 2011
Existing cross-national research on educational attainment does not fully address whether the same level of educational attainment generates the same level of literacy skills in different countries. We analyze literacy skills data for young adults from 19 countries in the 1994-1998 International Adult Literacy Survey and find that in all…
Descriptors: Educational Attainment, International Studies, Adult Literacy, Correlation
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Horning, Alice – Reading Matrix: An International Online Journal, 2010
Recent research on reading comes from a variety of different kinds of studies all of which report the same bleak picture of college students' and adults' reading abilities. Researchers, theorists and faculty members can benefit from this detailed review of the various types of studies. These include large scale direct tests of reading ability in…
Descriptors: College Students, Reading Research, Reading Ability, Faculty