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Luke, Allan – American Educational Research Journal, 2017
Adam Wright, Michael A. Gottfried, and Vi-Nhuan Le demonstrate empirically that minority teachers have a positive impact on the "social-emotional development" of American minority kindergarten children. Their analyses of 2010-2011 data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study focus on measurable effects in four social and affective…
Descriptors: Minority Group Teachers, Social Development, Emotional Development, Minority Group Students
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Chmielewski, Anna K.; Reardon, Sean F. – AERA Open, 2016
In a recent paper, Reardon found that the relationship between family income and children's academic achievement grew substantially stronger in the 1980s and 1990s in the United States. We provide an international context for these results by examining the income-achievement association in 19 other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and…
Descriptors: Income, Achievement Gap, Academic Achievement, Family Income
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Bodovski, Katerina; Nahum-Shani, Inbal; Walsh, Rachael – American Journal of Education, 2013
Using data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort (ECLS-K)--a large, nationally representative sample of US elementary school students, we employed multilevel analysis to answer the following research questions: (a) Does students' mathematics achievement growth in grades K-3 vary among schools? (b) To what extent does…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Elementary School Students, Primary Education, Grade 1
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Morgan, Paul L.; Farkas, George; Wu, Qiong – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2012
We investigated whether being poorly skilled in reading contributes to children's reported feelings of anger, distractibility, anxiety, sadness, loneliness, and social isolation. Data were analyzed from a longitudinal subsample of children (N = 3,308) participating in the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Cohort. Multilevel logistic…
Descriptors: Reading Failure, Reading Difficulties, Psychological Patterns, Attention Control
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Reardon, Sean F.; Valentino, Rachel A.; Shores, Kenneth A. – Future of Children, 2012
How well do U.S. students read? In this article, Sean Reardon, Rachel Valentino, and Kenneth Shores rely on studies using data from national and international literacy assessments to answer this question. In part, the answer depends on the specific literacy skills assessed. The authors show that almost all U.S. students can "read" by…
Descriptors: Literacy, Reading Skills, Developed Nations, Race
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Waldfogel, Jane – Future of Children, 2012
When U.S. children enter school, their reading skills vary widely by their socioeconomic status, race and ethnicity, and immigrant status. Because these literacy gaps exist before children enter school, observes Jane Waldfogel, the disparities must arise from conditions outside of schools--from the children's families and communities. And the same…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Immigrants, Reading Skills, Peer Groups
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Simms, Kathryn – Journal of Advanced Academics, 2012
This study compared immigrant and nonimmigrant educational achievement (i.e., the immigrant gap) in math by reexamining the explanatory power of race and socioeconomic status (SES)--two variables, perhaps, most commonly considered in educational research. Four research questions were explored through growth curve modeling, factor analysis, and…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Achievement Gap, Mathematics Achievement, Race
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Scherrer, Jimmy – International Journal of Education Policy and Leadership, 2012
Policy discussions on how to improve educational outcomes have traditionally focused on schools and teachers. While schools and teachers have measurable effects on educational outcomes, reforms aimed at only improving schools and teachers have failed to eliminate persistent achievement gaps. Thus, some scholars have argued for a broader, bolder…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Reading Achievement, Outcomes of Education, Child Care
Ruzek, Erik; Burchinal, Margaret; Farkas, George; Duncan, Greg; Dang, Tran; Lee, Weilin – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2011
The authors use the ECLS-B, a nationally-representative study of children born in 2001 to report the child care arrangements and quality characteristics for 2-year olds in the United States and to estimate the effects of differing levels of child care quality on two-year old children's cognitive development. Their goal is to test whether high…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Infant Care, Child Care, Cognitive Development
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Lim, Hyo Jin; Kim, Junyeop – Asia Pacific Education Review, 2011
This paper aims at investigating the causal effects of social behaviors on subsequent reading growth in elementary school, using the "Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten" ("ECLS-K") data. The sample was 8,869 subjects who provided longitudinal measures of reading IRT scores from kindergarten (1998-1999) to fifth…
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Reading Achievement, Reading Skills, Interpersonal Competence
Alexander, Julia – ProQuest LLC, 2011
The purpose of this study is to examine the role of center-based care and children's school readiness in predicting their first and third grade reading and mathematics achievement. Predictions derived from an opportunity-propensity theoretical framework applied to data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten Class of 1998-99. …
Descriptors: School Readiness, Mathematics Achievement, Program Effectiveness, Mathematics Skills
Xia, Nailing – RAND Corporation, 2010
There is considerable debate about the relative importance of family versus school factors in producing academic and nonacademic student outcomes, and whether and how their impacts vary across different student groups. In addition to critically reviewing and synthesizing earlier work, this study extends the literature by (a) using the ECLS-K, a…
Descriptors: Blacks, Whites, Asians, Latin Americans
Lehming, Rolf F.; Alt, Martha Naomi; Chen, Xianglei; Hall, Leslie; Burton, Lawrence; Burrelli, Joan S.; Kannankutty, Nirmala; Proudfoot, Steven; Regets, Mark C.; Boroush, Mark; Moris, Francisco A.; Wolfe, Raymond M.; Britt, Ronda; Christovich, Leslie; Hill, Derek; Falkenheim, Jaquelina C.; Dunnigan, Paula C. – National Science Foundation, 2010
"Science and Engineering Indicators" (SEI) is first and foremost a volume of record comprising the major high-quality quantitative data on the U.S. and international science and engineering enterprise. SEI is factual and policy neutral. It does not offer policy options, and it does not make policy recommendations. SEI employs a variety…
Descriptors: Statistical Data, Engineering, Sciences, Elementary Secondary Education