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LaForett, Doré R.; Mendez, Julia L. – Early Child Development and Care, 2017
This study examined associations between parents' developmentally appropriate beliefs about young children's play and responsive parenting. Low-income parents and their children enrolled in Head Start programmes (n = 231) in the United States participated in the study. Responsive parenting skills (characterized by high levels of warmth and…
Descriptors: Beliefs, Play, Preschool Children, Mother Attitudes
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Goldstein, Susan B. – Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 2017
An underinvestigated and significant source of stress for U.S. student sojourners across racial/ethnic groups is exposure to stereotypes that target their American identity. This study built on the extensive research literature on stereotype threat to investigate U.S. students' vulnerability and reactions to being the target of stereotypes.…
Descriptors: Study Abroad, Social Bias, Racial Bias, Ethnic Stereotypes
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Caprara, Gian Vittorio; Alessandri, Guido; Eisenberg, Nancy; Kupfer, A.; Steca, Patrizia; Caprara, Maria Giovanna; Yamaguchi, Susumu; Fukuzawa, Ai; Abela, John – Psychological Assessment, 2012
Five studies document the validity of a new 8-item scale designed to measure "positivity," defined as the tendency to view life and experiences with a positive outlook. In the first study (N = 372), the psychometric properties of Positivity Scale (P Scale) were examined in accordance with classical test theory using a large number of…
Descriptors: Validity, Measures (Individuals), Psychological Testing, Test Theory
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Wang, Kenneth T.; Puri, Rohini; Slaney, Robert B.; Methikalam, Bindu; Chadha, Narender – Measurement and Evaluation in Counseling and Development, 2012
Psychometric properties of the Almost Perfect Scale and the Family Almost Perfect Scale were evaluated using Indian college students studying in India (N = 132). Three classes of perfectionists--adaptive, maladaptive, and nonperfectionists--that mirrored past studies were compared on self-esteem and depression. (Contains 3 tables and 3 figures.)
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Indians, College Students, Personality Traits
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Vaeth, Patrice A. C.; Ramisetty-Mikler, Suhasini; Caetano, Raul – Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 2010
This paper examines the relationship between intimate partner violence and depression. A multicluster random household sample of U.S. couples was interviewed as part of a five-year national longitudinal study (response rate = 72%). Depression was assessed with the CES-D. The multivariate analyses for men showed that the odds of depression did not…
Descriptors: Aggression, Females, Alcohol Abuse, Multivariate Analysis
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Norvilitis, Jill M.; Sun, Ling; Zhang, Jie – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2010
This study examined ADHD symptomatology and college adjustment in 420 participants--147 from the United States and 273 from China. It was hypothesized that higher levels of ADHD symptoms in general and the inattentive symptom group in particular would be related to decreased academic and social adjustment, career decision-making self-efficacy, and…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Social Adjustment, Foreign Countries, Study Skills
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Hülür, Gizem; Ram, Nilam; Gerstorf, Denis – Developmental Psychology, 2015
One key objective of life span research is to examine how individual development is shaped by the historical time people live in. Secular trends favoring later-born cohorts on fluid cognitive abilities have been widely documented, but findings are mixed for well-being. It remains an open question whether secular increases in well-being seen in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Well Being, Individual Development, History