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Zirkel, Perry A. – Communique, 2018
Specific learning disability (SLD), although moderately declining in recent years, continues to account for the highest enrollment among the eligibility classifications under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA; Zirkel, 2013b). The recognition of response to intervention (RTI) in the 2004 amendments of the IDEA as an approach for…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Response to Intervention, Special Education, Eligibility
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Bray, Laura E.; Russell, Jennifer Lin – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2018
In this qualitative comparative case study, we drew from institutional theory and cultural historical activity theory to explore how educators wrote, used, and conceptualized the role of Individualized Education Programs (IEPs) for students with specific learning disabilities within secondary inclusive settings. We found that students' IEPs were…
Descriptors: Inclusion, Individualized Education Programs, Learning Disabilities, Special Education
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Zirkel, Perry A. – Physical Disabilities: Education and Related Services, 2016
This article provides an up-to-date and comprehensive canvassing of the judicial case law concerning the responses to students with concussions in the public school context. The two categories of court decisions are (a) those concerning continued participation in interscholastic athletics, referred to under the rubric of "return to play"…
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Decision Making, Disabilities, Educational Legislation
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Dowell, Richard; Larwin, Karen – International Journal of Special Education, 2016
The purpose of a physical restraint is to control the behavior of a student. It can involve physically holding a person immobile against his or her will to using chemical or mechanical devices to control a person. This study was designed to contribute to the paucity of existing research literature in regards to a school administrator's impact on…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Disabilities, Discipline, Behavior Modification
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Zirkel, Perry A. – Teacher Education and Special Education, 2015
Intended as professional development for both new and experienced special educators, this article provides both the basic requirements and nuanced issues for foundational, successive, and overlapping key components under the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): (a) child find, (b) eligibility, and (c) free appropriate public…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation, Disabilities, Equal Education
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Roberts, Julia Link; Pereira, Nielsen; Knotts, J. Dusteen – Gifted Child Today, 2015
Legislation and policy lead to action. In the absence of law or policy, situations are addressed on a case-by-case basis or they are sometimes ignored. Legislation and policy become extremely important when they relate to groups that have traditionally been marginalized, such as students with disabilities or students with gifts and talents, and…
Descriptors: Gifted, State Legislation, Educational Policy, Advocacy
Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2014
Sections 9302 and 9303 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended in 2001 provide to States the option of applying for and reporting on multiple ESEA programs through a single consolidated application and report. Although a central, practical purpose of the Consolidated State Application and Report is to reduce "red…
Descriptors: Educational Legislation, Disabilities, Equal Education, Federal Legislation
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Russell, Jennifer Lin; Bray, Laura E. – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2013
Federal special education and accountability policies requires that educators individualize instruction for students with disabilities, while simultaneously ensuring that the vast majority of these students meet age-based grade-level standards and assessment targets. In this paper, we examine this dynamic interplay between policies through…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Special Education, Accountability, Individualized Education Programs
Hess, Frederick M. – Phi Delta Kappan, 2013
By encouraging a single-minded focus on instructional leadership, the training, socializing, and mentoring of school leaders has unwittingly fostered a culture of caged leadership. Leaders are expected to succeed via culture, capacity building, coaching, and consensus--no matter the obstacles in their path. Those are all good things, the author…
Descriptors: Principals, Instructional Leadership, Educational Improvement, Educational Policy
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Fiore, Thomas A.; Nimkoff, Tamara; Munk, Tom; Carlson, Elaine – National Center for Education Evaluation and Regional Assistance, 2013
The "Personnel Development Program to Improve Services and Results for Children with Disabilities" is authorized under Section 662 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and is known as the Personnel Development Program (PDP). The PDP is administered by the U.S. Department of Education's (ED's) Office of Special…
Descriptors: Staff Development, Federal Programs, Program Evaluation, Special Education
Pennsylvania Department of Education, 2013
Sections 9302 and 9303 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), as amended in 2001 provide to States the option of applying for and reporting on multiple ESEA programs through a single consolidated application and report. Although a central, practical purpose of the Consolidated State Application and Report is to reduce "red…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Equal Education, Federal Legislation, Educational Legislation
Zirkel, Perry A. – Communique, 2012
Given their pivotal position, school psychologists have understandable concerns about the possibility of becoming the target of the relatively frequent legal proceedings under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Indeed, the threat of litigation can contribute to a flight from the profession (Lange, 2011). Yet, an informal…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Civil Rights, Court Litigation, School Psychologists
Center for Education Organizing (NJ1), 2012
Over the past two decades, community organizing has emerged as an effective force for school improvement. In the context of shrinking education funding, stubborn opportunity and achievement gaps between low-income and wealthy children and between children of color and White children, and polarizing debate on school reform, community organizing…
Descriptors: Urban Schools, School Restructuring, Educational Change, Community Organizations
Murray, Michelle L. – ProQuest LLC, 2012
The Individuals with Disabilities Act mandates that all students with or without disabilities should be included in the regular education classroom to the greatest extent appropriate. Research shows the importance of the principal's ability to shape programs, policies and school cultures that are supportive of inclusion. Deploying a modified…
Descriptors: Principals, Elementary Education, Inclusion, Team Teaching
Bobbitt, Erica M. – ProQuest LLC, 2011
The passage of Public Law 94-142 (the Education of All Handicapped Children Act) in 1975 established the rights of children with disabilities to a public school education in the least restrictive environment. Fifteen years later, it was amended and renamed the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) (PL 101-476, 1990), still intended to…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Factor Analysis, State Standards, Competence
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