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Kucsera, John V.; Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve; Orfield, Gary – Urban Education, 2015
Southern California is facing a demographic transformation that will become characteristic of the nation as a whole in coming decades. In this research, we present a historical review of the region's attempt to address school inequity, recent enrollment and segregation trends, and an investigation of whether segregation still matters. Our results…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Racial Segregation, Socioeconomic Status, English Language Learners
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Banicki, Guy; Murphy, Gregg – Research in Higher Education Journal, 2014
This study considers the effectiveness of the Evidence-Based Adequacy model of school funding. In looking at the Evidence-Based Adequacy model for school funding, one researcher has been centrally associated with the development and study of this model. Allen Odden is currently a professor in the Department of Educational Leadership and Policy…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Financial Support, Models, School Districts
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Espinoza, Manuel Luis; Vossoughi, Shirin – Harvard Educational Review, 2014
What are the origins of educational rights? In this essay, Espinoza and Vossoughi assert that educational rights are "produced," "affirmed," and "negated" not only through legislative and legal channels but also through an evolving spectrum of educational activities embedded in everyday life. Thus, they argue that the…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Educational Experience, African American Education, Learning
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Orfield, Gary – Educational Researcher, 2014
This article reviews the impacts of the civil rights policies framed in the 1960s and the anti-civil rights political and legal movements that reversed them. It documents rising segregation by race and poverty. The policy reversals and transformation of U.S. demography require a new civil rights strategy. Vast immigrations, the sinking White…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Political Issues, Legal Problems, Racial Segregation
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Marx, Teri A.; Hart, Jennifer L.; Nelson, Leslie; Love, Jessica; Baxter, Christine M.; Gartin, Barbara; Schaefer Whitby, Peggy J. – Intervention in School and Clinic, 2014
Two diametrically opposed beliefs are held concerning the meaning of the least restrictive environment (LRE) when determining the class placements of students with disabilities. One group adheres to the placement philosophy that the LRE is always the general education setting. The other group believes that the LRE is where the students' needs may…
Descriptors: Individualized Education Programs, Guidelines, Beliefs, Student Placement
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Green, Preston C., III. – Peabody Journal of Education, 2013
Since the separate-but-equal era, students attending schools with high concentrations of Black students have attempted to improve the quality of their educations through school finance litigation. Because of the negative effects of racial isolation, Black students might consider mounting school finance litigation to force states to explicitly…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Financial Support, Court Litigation, African American Students
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DeBray, Elizabeth; Blankenship, Ann Elizabeth – Peabody Journal of Education, 2013
Congress's role in defining and promoting equality of educational opportunity has evolved over the past 55¬†years since "Brown v. Board of Education." Most recently, all three branches of the federal government have focused more on equality of educational opportunity for "individual" students rather than for protected classes.…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Government Role, Federal Government, Federal State Relationship
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Hoffman, Michael J.; Wiggall, Richard L.; Dereshiwsky, Mary I.; Emanuel, Gary L. – eJEP: eJournal of Education Policy, 2013
Adequate funding for the nation's schools to meet the call for higher student achievement has been a litigious issue. Spending on schools is a political choice. The choices made by state legislatures, in some cases, have failed to fund schools adequately and have incited school finance lawsuits in almost all states. These proceedings are generally…
Descriptors: Financial Support, Educational Finance, Academic Achievement, State Legislation
Palestini, Robert; Falk, Karen Palestini – Rowman & Littlefield Education, 2012
This third edition expands coverage on such topics as the law and students with disabilities, confidentiality, sexual harassment, student searches and tuition vouchers. It also includes some new topics such as bullying, copyright law, and the law and the internet. Both public and nonpublic school educators are aware that courts, over the last…
Descriptors: School Law, Court Litigation, Public Schools, Private Schools
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Slater, Charles L.; Scott, James – AASA Journal of Scholarship & Practice, 2011
Equity issues in public school finance have been discussed in terms of three waves. The first wave was a challenge to the U.S. Supreme Court to provide equal education to all students as a fundamental right. After a ruling against the plaintiffs in "San Antonio v Rodriguez" (1973), the fight shifted to a second wave in the state courts.…
Descriptors: Equal Education, State Courts, Finance Reform, Educational Finance
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Crawford, Jon G.; O'Neill, Linda J. – Peabody Journal of Education, 2011
This article provides historical and legal context for recent U.S. Supreme Court school desegregation decisions. The Supreme Court's race-based and race-neutral arguments from "Brown" (1954) to "Parents Involved" (2007) are examined within their broader context. Policy implications and potential support for diversity goal…
Descriptors: School Desegregation, Court Litigation, School Resegregation, Public Education
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Saleh, Matthew – Journal of Education Finance, 2011
This article aims to "modernize" the current legal debate over inequitable public school funding at the state and local level. The 1973 Supreme Court case of "San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez" established precedent, allowing for property-tax based education funding programs at the state-level--a major source…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Private Schools, Educational Finance, School Districts
Rebell, Michael A. – Campaign for Educational Equity, Teachers College, Columbia University, 2011
Raising academic standards and eliminating achievement gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged students are America's prime national educational goals. Current federal and state policies, however, largely ignore the fact that the childhood poverty rate in the United States is 21%, the highest in the industrialized world, and that poverty…
Descriptors: Educational Opportunities, Low Income Students, Constitutional Law, Equal Protection
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Dishman, Mike; Redish, Traci – Peabody Journal of Education, 2010
Prior to the United States Supreme Court's decision in "Brown v. Board of Education" (1954), educational finance litigation focused almost entirely on the equitable distribution of state educational financing, ending preferential disbursement of state funds. This ended in 1973, with the United States Supreme Court's decision in "San…
Descriptors: Racial Segregation, Educational Finance, Court Litigation, Educational Equity (Finance)