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Scheltinga, Peter A. M.; Timmermans, Anneke C.; van der Werf, Greetje P. C. – Educational Psychology, 2017
The self-reported grades Dutch, English and Math of 13,970 students in the third grade of Dutch secondary education (US grade 9) were investigated with regard to educational track-level and dominant achievement goal (DAG). The performance approach goal group scored significantly higher on all three subjects than the performance avoidance group,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grades (Scholastic), Secondary School Students, Track System (Education)
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Hoogerheide, Vincent; Loyens, Sofie M. M.; Jadi, Fedora; Vrins, Anna; van Gog, Tamara – Educational Psychology, 2017
Example-based learning is a very effective and efficient instructional strategy for novices. It can be implemented using text-based worked examples that provide a written demonstration of how to perform a task, or (video) modelling examples in which an instructor (the "model") provides a demonstration. The model-observer similarity (MOS)…
Descriptors: Hypothesis Testing, Demonstrations (Educational), Instructional Effectiveness, Gender Differences
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Baars, Martine; van Gog, Tamara; de Bruin, Anique; Paas, Fred – Educational Psychology, 2017
Monitoring accuracy, measured by judgements of learning (JOLs), has generally been found to be low to moderate, with students often displaying overconfidence, and JOLs of problem solving are no exception. Recently, primary school children's overconfidence was shown to diminish when they practised problem solving after studying worked examples. The…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Secondary School Students, Accuracy, Self Management
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Scheltinga, Peter A. M.; Kuyper, Hans; Timmermans, Anneke C.; van der Werf, Greetje P. C. – Educational Psychology, 2016
The dominant achievement goals (DAGs) of 7,008 students in the third grade of Dutch secondary education (US grade 9) were investigated, based on Elliot & McGregors' 2 × 2 framework (2001), in relation to track-level and motivational variables. We found the mastery-approach goal and the performance-approach goal, generally considered adaptive,…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Goal Orientation, Scores, Mastery Learning
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Hubers, Mireille D.; Burk, William J.; Segers, Eliane; Kleinjan, Marloes; Scholte, Ron H. J.; Cillessen, Antonius H. N. – Educational Psychology, 2016
This study examined adolescent personality and problem behaviours as predictors of two types of social status: social preference and popularity. Academic track (college preparatory and vocational) and gender were expected to moderate these associations. The sample included 693 students (49.0% female; M = 15.46 years) attending classrooms in two…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Personality Traits, Behavior Problems, Predictor Variables
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Helms-Lorenz, Michelle; Maulana, Ridwan – Educational Psychology, 2016
In this study, the path of influence of support programmes for beginning teachers (BTs) is examined. Longitudinal relationships between self-efficacy and stress causes experienced by BTs and their job tension and discontent are investigated. Differential effects are explored in the relationships between the perceived psychological variables for…
Descriptors: Well Being, Self Efficacy, Stress Variables, Work Environment
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Stroet, Kim; Opdenakker, Marie-Christine; Minnaert, Alexander – Educational Psychology, 2016
Over the past decades, many schools have adapted towards social constructivism with the aim of enhancing students' motivation. There are a variety of perspectives in educational theory, with social constructivist views standing in contrast to traditional views. Hence, we compared students' motivation (levels and developments) in social…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Grade 7, Early Adolescents, Student Motivation
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Peetsma, Thea; Van der Veen, Ineke – Educational Psychology, 2013
Performance-avoidance orientation has been found to undermine students' academic motivation and achievement. Recognising groups of students with different levels and developments of performance-avoidance orientation makes it possible to try to intervene early in their school careers. In this study, 1168 12-13?year-old students attending the first…
Descriptors: Well Being, Learning Motivation, Mathematics Education, Questionnaires