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Rutkowski, Leslie; Rutkowski, David – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2018
Over time international large-scale assessments have grown in terms of number of studies, cycles, and participating countries, many of which are a heterogeneous mix of economies, languages, cultures, and geography. This heterogeneity has meaningful consequences for comparably measuring both achievement and non-achievement constructs, such as…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, International Assessment
Borgonovi, Francesca; Ferrara, Alessandro; Maghnouj, Soumaya – OECD Publishing, 2018
As is the case in most OECD countries, boys in Norway are more likely to have lower levels of academic achievement and attainment than girls. While this phenomenon is not recent, it has become increasingly pronounced in recent years and, as a result, is attracting considerable attention from policy-makers in many countries. This paper develops…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Outcomes of Education, Academic Achievement
Frankowski, Andrea; van der Steen, Martijn; Bressers, Daphne; Schulz, Martin; Shewbridge, Claire; Fuster, Marc; Rouw, Rien – OECD Publishing, 2018
Prepared for a Strategic Education Governance learning seminar, this working paper analyses the ways in which the Dutch government tried to reach overarching goals in education, in a system characterised by a high degree of distributed autonomy of education institutions and the participation of multiple actors, and consequently a government highly…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary Secondary Education, Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement
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van der Berg, Servaas – Education Policy Analysis Archives, 2018
Few developing countries participate in external educational evaluations. Information gaps on education quality make it imperative to expand such evaluations. Furthermore, international comparability across different evaluations should be improved. In addition, data from evaluations must be combined with data on access or coverage. Finally,…
Descriptors: International Education, Developing Nations, Outcomes of Education, Socioeconomic Status
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Rindermann, Heiner; Ceci, Stephen J. – Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 2018
In 19 (sub)samples from seven countries (United States, Austria, Germany, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Vietnam, Brazil), we analyzed the impact of parental education compared with wealth on the cognitive ability of children (aged 4-22 years, total N = 15,297). The background of their families ranged from poor indigenous remote villagers to academic…
Descriptors: Parent Background, Educational Attainment, Parent Child Relationship, Intelligence
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Straková, Jana; Simonová, Jaroslava; Greger, David – School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2018
Educational effectiveness research has provided evidence about the importance of teacher beliefs and attitudes for teaching and learning. This study builds on the concept of academic optimism, which combines 3 aspects of a teacher's professional creed: self-efficacy, trust, and academic emphasis. The study explores the functioning of the…
Descriptors: Pilot Projects, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Secondary School Mathematics
National Foundation for Educational Research, 2018
Each country's education system is intricate and unique, underpinned with different policies and priorities. International Large Scale Assessments (ILSAs) provide valuable insights into how a country's education system is performing. These studies gather in-depth contextual information about systems, schools, teachers and students; and explore the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Grade 4
National Foundation for Educational Research, 2018
Education is recognised across the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) as a moral imperative and a strategic priority to secure future prosperity and human flourishing. Policymakers have set ambitious targets to join the ranks of the best performing education systems in the world in order to deliver economic success and secure a place on the world…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
Liebowitz, David; González, Pablo; Hooge, Edith; Lima, Gonçalo – OECD Publishing, 2018
This country review offers an independent analysis of major issues facing the use of school resources in Portugal from an international perspective. It provides a description of national policies, an analysis of strengths and challenges and options for possible future approaches. The analysis focuses on the process of decentralisation of school…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Resources, Educational Policy, Administrative Organization
Skinner, Rebecca R. – Congressional Research Service, 2018
Assessing the achievement of students in elementary and secondary schools and the nation's educational progress is fundamental to informing education policy approaches. Congressional interest in this area includes and extends beyond the annual assessments administered by states to comply with the educational accountability requirements of Title…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Achievement Tests, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Tests
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Al Shabibi, Al Shabibi; Silvennoinen, Heikki – Athens Journal of Education, 2018
On international comparisons, the development of Oman's education system in terms of the increase in educational enrolment rates and in the level of teacher qualifications has been remarkably rapid. Almost 100% access to basic education has been achieved, and almost all students progress onto post-basic education. A report from the World Bank in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Faculty Development, Barriers, Low Achievement
Kitchen, Hannah; Fordham, Elizabeth; Henderson, Kirsteen; Looney, Anne; Maghnouj, Soumaya – OECD Publishing, 2017
Romania's education system has made impressive strides over the past two decades, with an increasing share of students mastering the basic competencies that they need for life and work. But these average improvements mask significant disparities in learning outcomes and attainment, with an increasing share of students leaving education early…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Improvement, Educational Assessment, Student Evaluation
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Lavrijsen, Jeroen; Nicaise, Ides – Studies in Continuing Education, 2017
Comparative research has often emphasized the importance of external barriers (e.g. enrolment costs) to explain inequalities in lifelong learning participation. However, individuals, in particular the low educated, are often not only prevented from participation by external barriers, but also by negative psychological dispositions about learning.…
Descriptors: Lifelong Learning, Barriers, Educational Attitudes, Differences
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McCluskey, Neal – Journal of School Choice, 2017
Since at least the enactment of No Child Left Behind in 2002, standardized test scores have served as the primary measures of public school effectiveness. Yet, such scores fail to measure the ultimate goal of education: maximizing happiness. This exploratory analysis assesses nation level associations between test scores and happiness, controlling…
Descriptors: Well Being, Scores, Psychological Patterns, Standardized Tests
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Marshall, Bethan – English in Education, 2017
This article looks at the changes made to examinations in England over recent decades and asks about the politics behind the changes. It considers how increasingly centralised the assessment regime has become, moving from a system where teachers could have a say in how pupils are assessed to a regime dominated by government approved tests. It…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Testing, Politics of Education, Educational Change
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