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Borgonovi, Francesca; Pokropek, Artur – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
We examine the relevance of task exposure specificity in the development of self-efficacy evaluations among 15-year-old students in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. We use data from the 2012 edition of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) to assess if students' self-efficacy evaluations…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment
Mostafa, Tarek – OECD Publishing, 2019
When new PISA data are published, many researchers around the world analyse them with the aim of shedding light on all sorts of questions. One question in search of an answer: why are women under-represented in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) professions? Using data from the Program for International Student Assessment…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Females, Career Choice, Science Careers
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Zehner, Fabian; Goldhammer, Frank; Lubaway, Emily; Sälzer, Christine – Education Inquiry, 2019
In 2015, the "Programme for International Student Assessment" (PISA) introduced multiple changes in its study design, the most extensive being the transition from paper- to computer-based assessment. We investigated the differences between German students' text responses to eight reading items from the paper-based study in 2012 to text…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Kozina, Ana; Wiium, Nora; Gonzalez, Jose-Michael; Dimitrova, Radosveta – Child & Youth Care Forum, 2019
Background: The transition from lower-secondary to upper-secondary education marks a critical period for adolescents that impacts their academic achievement. Objective: Based on Positive Youth Development (PYD) framework, we examined associations between math achievement as measured by PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment) and PYD…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adolescent Development, Student Development, Secondary School Students
OECD Publishing, 2019
Problems associated with the environment loom large over the future well-being of young generations. A previous issue of PISA in Focus (PISA in Focus 87) shows that in 2015 many 15-year-old students believed that the future -- their future -- was going to be worse, environmentally, than the present. In particular, only a minority of students…
Descriptors: Positive Attitudes, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment
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van Hek, Margriet; Kraaykamp, Gerbert; Pelzer, Ben – School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2018
Few studies on male-female inequalities in education have elaborated on whether school characteristics affect girls' and boys' educational performance differently. This study investigated how school resources, being schools' socioeconomic composition, proportion of girls, and proportion of highly educated teachers, and school practices, being…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Reading Achievement, Institutional Characteristics, Educational Resources
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Kousa, P.; Kavonius, R.; Aksela, M. – Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2018
The aims of this study were to determine low-achieving students' attitudes towards chemistry and how the attitudes differ within a low achieving group. The most preferred teaching methods were also defined. Empirical data (n = 2949) were collected by stratified sampling from fifteen-year-old Finnish lower-secondary school students as part of a…
Descriptors: Low Achievement, Student Attitudes, Chemistry, Science Instruction
Borgonovi, Francesca; Ferrara, Alessandro; Maghnouj, Soumaya – OECD Publishing, 2018
As is the case in most OECD countries, boys in Norway are more likely to have lower levels of academic achievement and attainment than girls. While this phenomenon is not recent, it has become increasingly pronounced in recent years and, as a result, is attracting considerable attention from policy-makers in many countries. This paper develops…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Outcomes of Education, Academic Achievement
Borgonovi, Francesca; Choi, Álvaro; Paccagnella, Marco – OECD Publishing, 2018
Numeracy and literacy skills have become increasingly important in modern labour markets. The large gender differences that several studies have identified have therefore sparked considerable attention among researchers and policy makers. Little is known about the moment in which such gaps emerge, how they evolve and if their evolution differs…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Numeracy, Mathematics Skills, Literacy
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Torppa, Minna; Eklund, Kenneth; Sulkunen, Sari; Niemi, Pekka; Ahonen, Timo – Journal of Research in Reading, 2018
The present study examined gender gap in Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) Reading and mediators of the gender gap in a Finnish sample (n = 1,309). We examined whether the gender gap in PISA Reading performance can be understood via the effects of reading fluency, achievement behaviour (mastery orientation and task-avoidant…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Foreign Countries, Reading Fluency, Recreational Reading
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Lenkeit, Jenny; Schwippert, Knut; Knigge, Michel – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2018
Research provides evidence that gender, immigrant background and socio-economic characteristics present multiple disadvantaging characteristics that change their relative importance and configurations over time. When evaluating inequalities researchers tend to focus on one particular aspect and often use composite measures when evaluating…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests
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Meggiolaro, Silvia – Social Psychology of Education: An International Journal, 2018
This study investigates the importance of information and communication technology (ICT) use in the mathematics achievement scores of Italian secondary school students, with particular attention paid to the role of gender in the ICT-maths performance relationship. Data from the 2012 Programme for International Student Assessment study allow to…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Mathematics Achievement, Gender Differences, Technology Uses in Education
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Ababneh, Emad G.; Abdel Samad, Manal M. – European Journal of Educational Research, 2018
The gender gap in achievement is one of the main challenges that face the educational system in Jordan. Since 1989, educational reform plans have attempted to reduce gender gap in achievement. However, the gender gap in science achievement according to PISA 2015 was higher than that of other participating countries. This study aimed to show the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Science Achievement, Achievement Tests
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Melkonian, Michael; Areepattamannil, Shaljan – Educational Studies, 2018
The study examined the impact of students' absolute age-position at the time of testing by grade level and gender on their achieved level of mathematics, reading and science performance. An analysis was conducted based on a sample of 11,500 15-year-old pupils in the United Arab Emirates who participated in the OECD's Programme for International…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Age Differences, Instructional Program Divisions, Gender Differences
Ward, Michael – OECD Publishing, 2018
Building on the experience of working with middle-income countries in PISA since 2000, and in an effort to respond to the emerging demand for PISA to cater to a wider range of countries, the OECD launched the PISA for Development (PISA-D) initiative in 2014. This one-off pilot project, spanning six years, aims to make the assessment more…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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