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Smith, Patriann; Cheema, Jehanzeb R.; Kumi-Yeboah, Alex; Warrican, S. Joel; Alleyne, Melissa L. – Teachers College Record, 2018
Background/Context: Standard English functions as a dominant language in the English-speaking Caribbean context despite the bidialectal, bilingual, and multilingual nature of countries. Notwithstanding, Caribbean non-Standard English-speaking students continue to be administered literacy assessments that do not take into account their…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Dialects, Language Dominance, Foreign Countries
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Perry, Nancy; Ercikan, Kadriye – Teachers College Record, 2015
The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) was designed by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) to evaluate the quality, equity, and efficiency of school systems around the world. Specifically, the PISA has assessed 15-year-old students' reading, mathematics, and science literacy on a 3-year cycle, since…
Descriptors: International Education, Academic Achievement, Achievement Rating, Achievement Tests
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Chiu, Ming Ming – Teachers College Record, 2015
Background/Context: While many studies show that greater economic inequality widens the achievement gap between rich and poor students, recent studies indicate that countries with greater economic inequality have lower overall student achievement. Purpose/Objective/Research Question/Focus of Study: This study explores whether family inequalities…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Achievement, Family Income
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Ercikan, Kadriye; Roth, Wolff-Michael; Asil, Mustafa – Teachers College Record, 2015
Background/Context: Two key uses of international assessments of achievement have been (a) comparing country performances for identifying the countries with the best education systems and (2) generating insights about effective policy and practice strategies that are associated with higher learning outcomes. Do country rankings really reflect the…
Descriptors: Inferences, International Education, International Studies, Case Studies
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Berliner, David C. – Teachers College Record, 2015
Trying to understand PISA is analogous to the parable of the blind men and the elephant. There are many facets of the PISA program, and thus many ways to both applaud and critique this ambitious international program of assessment that has gained enormous importance in the crafting of contemporary educational policy. One of the facets discussed in…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Standardized Tests, Educational Assessment, Educational Indicators
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Hutt, Ethan – Teachers College Record, 2014
Background/Context:Policy discussions in the U.S. and abroad have become increasingly studded with reference to the results of international tests like PISA. Unlike most assessments, PISA is not designed to measure whether students have mastered a particular school curriculum but rather provide a measure of students' ability to meet future…
Descriptors: High School Equivalency Programs, Educational History, Accountability, Standardized Tests
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Münch, Richard – Teachers College Record, 2014
Background: The PISA study (assessing the competences of 15-year-old students in their mother tongue, in mathematics and in natural sciences) deals with the benchmarking of the OECD member states when it comes to meeting globally defined educational standards. Transnational educational experts now form the most powerful group within the…
Descriptors: Mathematics Achievement, Secondary School Students, Foreign Countries, Educational Change
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Akiba, Motoko – Teachers College Record, 2010
Background/Context: Ensuring a safe learning environment for every student at school is a major responsibility of educators, school administrators, and policy makers in our society. Students' fear associated with school violence affects their school attendance, learning motivation, and academic achievement. Although predictors of adults' fear of…
Descriptors: Low Achievement, Academic Achievement, High Achievement, Attendance Patterns
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Perry, Laura B.; McConney, Andrew – Teachers College Record, 2010
Background/Context: It is well established in the research literature that socioeconomically disadvantaged students and schools do less well on standardized measures of academic achievement compared with their more advantaged peers. Although studies in numerous countries have shown that the socioeconomic profile of a school is strongly correlated…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Academic Achievement, Institutional Characteristics, School Demography