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Nagy, Gabriel; Nagengast, Benjamin; Frey, Andreas; Becker, Michael; Rose, Norman – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2019
Position effects (PE) cause decreasing probabilities of correct item responses towards the end of a test. We analysed PEs in science, mathematics and reading tests administered in the German extension to the PISA 2006 study with respect to their variability at the student- and school-level. PEs were strongest in reading and weakest in mathematics.…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, International Assessment
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Rindermann, Heiner; Ceci, Stephen J. – Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 2018
In 19 (sub)samples from seven countries (United States, Austria, Germany, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Vietnam, Brazil), we analyzed the impact of parental education compared with wealth on the cognitive ability of children (aged 4-22 years, total N = 15,297). The background of their families ranged from poor indigenous remote villagers to academic…
Descriptors: Parent Background, Educational Attainment, Parent Child Relationship, Intelligence
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Ringarp, Johanna – European Educational Research Journal, 2016
School issues have become increasingly important in public elections and political debates, leading to increased focus on the results students achieve in international large-scale assessments and in the rankings of the involved countries. One of the most important studies of scholastic performance is the Programme for International Student…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Educational Change, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries
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Zapp, Mike; Powell, Justin J. W. – European Educational Research Journal, 2016
Over the past two decades, educational research in Germany has undergone unprecedented changes. Following large-scale assessments such as the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), and a political interest in evidence-based policy-making, quality assessment and…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Hermeneutics, Humanities, Foreign Countries
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Rindermann, Heiner; Baumeister, Antonia E. E. – International Journal of Testing, 2015
Scholastic tests regard cognitive abilities to be domain-specific competences. However, high correlations between competences indicate either high task similarity or a dependence on common factors. The present rating study examined the validity of 12 Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) and Third or Trends in International…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Test Interpretation, Competence, Reading Tests
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Stephens, Maria; Warren, Laura K.; Harner, Ariana L. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2015
The "Comparative Indicators of Education" report series has been published on a biennial basis since it began in 2002, although this year's is the first to expand its focus to the G-20 countries, having previously been focused on the G-8 countries. "Comparative Indicators of Education in the United States and Other G-20 Countries:…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Indicators, Global Approach, International Assessment
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Perera, Liyanage Devangi H. – International Journal of Science Education, 2014
Although countries worldwide are emphasizing the importance of science education for technological development and global economic competition, comparative findings from standardized international student assessments reveal a huge gap in science scores between developed and developing countries. Certain developed economies too have made little…
Descriptors: Parent Attitudes, Science Achievement, Educational Improvement, Achievement Gains