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Lenkeit, Jenny; Schwippert, Knut; Knigge, Michel – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2018
Research provides evidence that gender, immigrant background and socio-economic characteristics present multiple disadvantaging characteristics that change their relative importance and configurations over time. When evaluating inequalities researchers tend to focus on one particular aspect and often use composite measures when evaluating…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests
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Rindermann, Heiner; Ceci, Stephen J. – Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 2018
In 19 (sub)samples from seven countries (United States, Austria, Germany, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Vietnam, Brazil), we analyzed the impact of parental education compared with wealth on the cognitive ability of children (aged 4-22 years, total N = 15,297). The background of their families ranged from poor indigenous remote villagers to academic…
Descriptors: Parent Background, Educational Attainment, Parent Child Relationship, Intelligence
Avvisati, Francesco – OECD Publishing, 2018
Teachers are the most important school resource. In every country, teachers' salaries and training represent the greatest share of expenditure on education; and this investment in teachers can have significant returns. Research shows that being taught by the best teachers can make a real difference in the learning and life outcomes of otherwise…
Descriptors: Experienced Teachers, Teacher Effectiveness, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests
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Jacobs, Babs; Wolbers, Maarten H. J. – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2018
This article examines the extent to which parental socioeconomic status (SES) affects the likelihood of a child becoming a top-performing student, offering an international perspective by reporting this relationship in 31 developed countries. The impact of 3 important educational system characteristics (differentiation in terms of early tracking,…
Descriptors: Parent Background, Socioeconomic Status, Probability, Academic Achievement
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Sós, Tamás – Acta Educationis Generalis, 2018
Introduction: Examining the connection between vocational training and the world of work, nowadays it is essential to mention the "gap", which keeps on growing, between training and the economy due to the quick technological changes. Purpose: The purpose of the research is scientific investigation of the demand process of competency…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Skilled Workers, Entry Workers, Job Skills
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Tsai, Shu-Ling; Smith, Michael L.; Hauser, Robert M. – Sociology of Education, 2017
This article examines inequality in different dimensions of student academic achievement (math, science, and reading) by family background and school context in three East Asian (Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea) and three Western (United States, Germany, and the Czech Republic) nations. Building on Hauser (2009), we develop a novel…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Academic Achievement, Mathematics Achievement
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Bodovski, Katerina; Jeon, Haram; Byun, Soo-yong – British Journal of Sociology of Education, 2017
Using the 2000 and 2009 waves of Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) data, we examined the relationships between family socio-economic status (SES), cultural capital, and reading achievement among students in five post-socialist Eastern European countries while comparing the findings with three Western bench-marking countries.…
Descriptors: Cultural Capital, Academic Achievement, Reading Achievement, Correlation
Dinis da Costa, Patrícia; Araújo, Luísa – European Commission, 2016
The analyses presented in this report indicate that in several Member States (MS) 15-year-old students in vocational-oriented programmes (VET) perform better in digital reading than in print reading in PISA 2012. When differentiated by programme of study--VET versus general education programmes--VET students perform better in digital than in print…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Adolescents, Vocational Education
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Schwabe, Franziska; McElvany, Nele; Trendtel, Matthias – Reading Research Quarterly, 2015
The importance of reading competence for both individuals and society underlines the strong need to understand the gender gap in reading achievement. Beyond mean differences in reading comprehension, research has indicated that girls possess specific advantages on constructed-response items compared with boys of the same reading ability. Moreover,…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Gender Differences, Achievement Gap, Test Items
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Ercikan, Kadriye; Roth, Wolff-Michael; Asil, Mustafa – Teachers College Record, 2015
Background/Context: Two key uses of international assessments of achievement have been (a) comparing country performances for identifying the countries with the best education systems and (2) generating insights about effective policy and practice strategies that are associated with higher learning outcomes. Do country rankings really reflect the…
Descriptors: Inferences, International Education, International Studies, Case Studies
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Stephens, Maria; Warren, Laura K.; Harner, Ariana L. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2015
The "Comparative Indicators of Education" report series has been published on a biennial basis since it began in 2002, although this year's is the first to expand its focus to the G-20 countries, having previously been focused on the G-8 countries. "Comparative Indicators of Education in the United States and Other G-20 Countries:…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Indicators, Global Approach, International Assessment
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Tiumeneva, Yu. A.; Kuzmina, Ju. V. – Russian Education & Society, 2015
The PISA 2009 data (in reading) investigated the effectiveness of one year of schooling in seven countries: Russia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, Germany, Canada, and Brazil. We used an instrumental variable, which allowed us to estimate the effect of one year of schooling through the fuzzy method of regression discontinuity. The analysis was…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Takayama, Keita; Waldow, Florian; Sung, Youl-Kwan – Research in Comparative and International Education, 2013
Drawing on the conceptual work of externalisation in comparative education and multi-accentual signs in cultural studies, this article examines how the print news media accentuate "Finnish education" in the process of inserting this external reference into the domestic political discourses around education reform in Australia, Germany…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, News Media, Comparative Education, Educational Change
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Bank, Volker – Journal of Curriculum Studies, 2012
Since the late 1990s there has been a fundamental shift in the way schooling and even education as a whole is evaluated. From this new perspective the education system would seem to be interpreted as a sub-system of the economic system and thus subservient to it. Decisions on education matters seem to have become determinant for individual…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Practices, Educational Assessment, Educational Change
OECD Publishing (NJ1), 2011
Whether in flight from conflict, with the hope of building a better life, or to seize a social or economic opportunity, people have been crossing borders for as long as there have been borders to cross. Modern means of transportation and communication, the globalisation of the labour market, and the ageing of populations in OECD (Organisation for…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Immigrants, Achievement Gap, Migrant Children
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