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Lenkeit, Jenny; Schwippert, Knut; Knigge, Michel – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2018
Research provides evidence that gender, immigrant background and socio-economic characteristics present multiple disadvantaging characteristics that change their relative importance and configurations over time. When evaluating inequalities researchers tend to focus on one particular aspect and often use composite measures when evaluating…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests
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Parker, Philip D.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Jerrim, John P.; Guo, Jiesi; Dicke, Theresa – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Research suggests that a country does not need inequity to have high performance. However, such research has potentially suffered from confounders present in between-country comparative research (e.g., latent cultural differences). Likewise, relatively little consideration has been given to whether the situation may be different for high- or…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Quality, Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests
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Tsai, Shu-Ling; Smith, Michael L.; Hauser, Robert M. – Sociology of Education, 2017
This article examines inequality in different dimensions of student academic achievement (math, science, and reading) by family background and school context in three East Asian (Taiwan, Japan, and South Korea) and three Western (United States, Germany, and the Czech Republic) nations. Building on Hauser (2009), we develop a novel…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Academic Achievement, Mathematics Achievement
Carter, Bruce J. – Online Submission, 2017
A problem recognized in the United States is that a K-12 public education in urban communities is more likely to support existing patterns of inequality than to serve as a pathway to opportunity. The specific focus of this research was on the poor academic performance in U.S. K-12 urban communities. Using Benet's polarities of democracy theory as…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Statistical Analysis, Benchmarking, Achievement Tests
OECD Publishing, 2016
Socio-economically advantaged and disadvantaged students are not equally exposed to mathematics problems and concepts at school. Exposure to mathematics at school has an impact on performance, and disadvantaged students' relative lack of familiarity with mathematics partly explains their lower performance. Widening access to mathematics content…
Descriptors: Economically Disadvantaged, Equal Education, Educational Opportunities, Access to Education
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Oppedisano, Veruska; Turati, Gilberto – Education Economics, 2015
This paper provides evidence on the sources of differences in inequality in educational scores and their evolution over time in four European countries. Using Programme for International Student Assessment data from the 2000 and the 2006 waves, the paper shows that inequality decreased in Germany and Spain (two "decentralised" schooling…
Descriptors: Evidence, Equal Education, Etiology, Educational Development
Henderson, Michael B.; Lergetporer, Philipp; Peterson, Paul E.; Werner, Katharina; West, Martin R.; Woessmann, Ludger – Program on Education Policy and Governance, 2015
What do citizens of the United States and Germany think about their schools and school policies? This paper offers the first broad comparison of public thinking on education in the two countries. We carried out opinion surveys of representative samples of the German and American adult populations in 2014 that included experiments in which we…
Descriptors: Governance, School Policy, Educational Attitudes, National Surveys
Klumpp, Lorenz; Pont, Beatriz; Figueroa, Diana Toledo; Albiser, Etienne; Wittenberg, Désirée; Zapata, Juliana; Fraccola, Sylvain – OECD Publishing, 2014
This policy profile on education in Germany is part of the new Education Policy Outlook series, which will present comparative analysis of education policies and reforms across OECD countries. Building on the substantial comparative and sectorial policy knowledge base available within the OECD, the series will result in a biennial publication…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Comparative Analysis, Comparative Education
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Gogolin, Ingrid – Education Inquiry, 2011
Children and youth at risk are a major challenge facing education systems in Europe. Some systems seem to be mastering this challenge better than others. Observations of the educational fate of immigrant minority children can shed light on the efficiency and performance of European education systems with respect to their ability to deal with…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Foreign Countries, Disadvantaged Youth, Children