ERIC Number: EJ1114708
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
How to Construct an Organizational Field: Empirical Educational Research in Germany, 1995-2015
Zapp, Mike; Powell, Justin J. W.
European Educational Research Journal, v15 n5 p537-557 Sep 2016
Over the past two decades, educational research in Germany has undergone unprecedented changes. Following large-scale assessments such as the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), and a political interest in evidence-based policy-making, quality assessment and internationalization, direct involvement of national decision-makers has led to the establishment of new organizations, programs, funding structures, professorships, and training programs. Thus, a markedly different educational research field has emerged in contrast to the traditional philosophy-rooted, hermeneutics-trained and humanities-based German pedagogy or educational science. Instead, the new paradigm refers to itself as empirical educational research (EER). Thus, we trace institutionalization processes of EER from 1995 through the foundation of the new Empirical Educational Research Association (GEBF), which rivals the long-standing German Educational Research Association (DGfE). Official documents shed light on policymakers' and funding agencies' motivations and rationales as they successfully engage in building new research infrastructure. Expert interviews conducted with (inter)national representatives illuminate perceptions of crucial actors involved in the organizational field's institutionalization. What are the causes and consequences of the emergent EER field in Germany? Extending the neoinstitutionalist organizational field literature, particularly about incipient stages of such fields, we show that a new division of labor transcends national and international as well as governmental and non-governmental borders.
Descriptors: Educational Research, Hermeneutics, Humanities, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Elementary Secondary Education, International Assessment, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Tests, Science Achievement, Science Tests, Secondary School Students, Policy Formation, Educational Policy, Teaching Methods, Educational Quality, Educational Finance, Educational Change, Professional Associations, Interviews, Specialists, Trend Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Germany
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment; Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study