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Showing 1 to 15 of 77 results Save | Export
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Andrietti, Vincenzo; Su, Xuejuan – Education Economics, 2019
We propose a theory of education curricula as horizontally differentiated by their paces. The pace of a curriculum and the preparedness of a student jointly determine the match quality of the curriculum for this student, so different students derive different benefits from learning under the same curriculum. Furthermore, a change in the curricular…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Curriculum Design, Educational Change, Educational Quality
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Mandel, Philipp; Süssmuth, Bernd; Sunder, Marco – Education Economics, 2019
This study uses a newly compiled data set of instructional time and student performance by subject across German federal states for student cohorts enrolled at the primary level in the 1990s and tested at the secondary level in the 2000s. It finds evidence for the school inputs-student achievement relationship, taking nonlinearity,…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Teaching Methods, Elementary School Students, Time on Task
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Glaesser, Judith – Oxford Review of Education, 2019
This paper first provides a brief overview of the history and current usage of the concept of competence in academic research, and then undertakes a critical discussion of how the term is currently used in educational policy. The running example used throughout the paper is competence in foreign language learning. The PISA study is discussed to…
Descriptors: Competence, Educational Theories, Educational Practices, Theory Practice Relationship
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Tahirsylaj, Armend – Journal of Curriculum Studies, 2019
The primary objective of the study was to empirically test theoretical claims made about differences between Didaktik and curriculum traditions concerning teacher autonomy (TA) and teacher responsibility (TR). It tests the hypothesis that TA and TR are higher among Didaktik than curriculum countries. The second objective was to explore…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Professional Autonomy, Teacher Responsibility, Comparative Education
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Zehner, Fabian; Goldhammer, Frank; Lubaway, Emily; Sälzer, Christine – Education Inquiry, 2019
In 2015, the "Programme for International Student Assessment" (PISA) introduced multiple changes in its study design, the most extensive being the transition from paper- to computer-based assessment. We investigated the differences between German students' text responses to eight reading items from the paper-based study in 2012 to text…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Lätsch, Alexander – European Journal of Educational Research, 2018
According to Bronfenbrenner's socio-ecological model, school is an essential microsystem of the developing child. Schools provide important developmental contexts for children and adolescents, as they constitute environments that might either foster or evoke students' emotional instability. In particular, less is known about the precise and…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Secondary School Students, Student Surveys, Questionnaires
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Lenkeit, Jenny; Schwippert, Knut; Knigge, Michel – Assessment in Education: Principles, Policy & Practice, 2018
Research provides evidence that gender, immigrant background and socio-economic characteristics present multiple disadvantaging characteristics that change their relative importance and configurations over time. When evaluating inequalities researchers tend to focus on one particular aspect and often use composite measures when evaluating…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests
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Jerrim, John; Micklewright, John; Heine, Jorg-Henrik; Salzer, Christine; McKeown, Caroline – Oxford Review of Education, 2018
The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is an important cross-national study of 15-year-olds' academic knowledge and skills. Educationalists and public policymakers eagerly await the tri-annual results, with particular interest in whether their country has moved up or slid down the international rankings, as compared to earlier…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Parker, Philip D.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Guo, Jiesi; Anders, Jake; Shure, Nikki; Dicke, Theresa – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2018
In this paper, we develop an information distortion model (IDM) of social class differences in self-beliefs and values. The IDM combines psychological biases on frame-of-reference effects with sociological foci on ability stratification. This combination is hypothesized to lead to working-class children having more positive math self-beliefs and…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Academic Aspiration, Social Class, Longitudinal Studies
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Rindermann, Heiner; Ceci, Stephen J. – Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 2018
In 19 (sub)samples from seven countries (United States, Austria, Germany, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Vietnam, Brazil), we analyzed the impact of parental education compared with wealth on the cognitive ability of children (aged 4-22 years, total N = 15,297). The background of their families ranged from poor indigenous remote villagers to academic…
Descriptors: Parent Background, Educational Attainment, Parent Child Relationship, Intelligence
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Agasisti, Tommaso; Zoido, Pablo – Educational Researcher, 2018
This paper derives efficiency scores for around 8,500 schools in 30 countries, using Programme for International Student Assessment 2012 data and a nonparametric approach called data envelopment analysis as method. On average, achievement scores of schools can be increased by 27%, holding inputs constant. Efficiency scores vary considerably both…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students, Foreign Countries
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Hartong, Sigrid – Globalisation, Societies and Education, 2018
The ongoing trend towards educational globalisation has brought about various dynamics of education policy "rescaling," resulting in a growing number of governmental arrangements, which are operating across traditional scales, levels or sectors of policy. This contribution takes up the conceptual frameworks of topological spatialisation…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Policy, Information Technology, Data Analysis
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Kaya, Volkan Hasan; Elster, Doris – Science Education International, 2018
The main aim of this study was to determine the factors that affect the environmental literacy (EL) of 15-year-old students in Germany. The data were based on findings from the PISA 2015 of German students (n = 6.504), which were published on the official PISA site (http://www.pisa.oecd.org). According to the results, there was a positive and…
Descriptors: Environment, Literacy, Science Education, Socioeconomic Status
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Parker, Philip D.; Marsh, Herbert W.; Jerrim, John P.; Guo, Jiesi; Dicke, Theresa – American Educational Research Journal, 2018
Research suggests that a country does not need inequity to have high performance. However, such research has potentially suffered from confounders present in between-country comparative research (e.g., latent cultural differences). Likewise, relatively little consideration has been given to whether the situation may be different for high- or…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Educational Quality, Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests
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Sälzer, Christine; Roczen, Nina – International Journal of Development Education and Global Learning, 2018
International large-scale assessments such as the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) yield comparative indicators of student achievement in various competence domains. This article focuses on global competence as a suggested cross-curricular domain for the PISA 2018 study. The measurement of global competence is related to a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Achievement Tests, Secondary School Students
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