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Borgonovi, Francesca; Pokropek, Artur – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
We examine the relevance of task exposure specificity in the development of self-efficacy evaluations among 15-year-old students in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries. We use data from the 2012 edition of the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) to assess if students' self-efficacy evaluations…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment
Cerna, Lucie; Andersson, Hanna; Bannon, Meredith; Borgonovi, Francesca – OECD Publishing, 2019
Within OECD countries, Sweden has historically welcomed large numbers of migrants, in particular migrants seeking humanitarian protection. Since 2015, this large influx of new arrivals with multiple disadvantages has put a well-developed integration system under great pressure and highlighted a number of challenges for education policy given…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Student Diversity, Immigrants, Achievement Tests
Agasisti, Tommaso; Avvisati, Francesco; Borgonovi, Francesca; Longobardi, Sergio – OECD Publishing, 2018
Resilience refers to the capacity of individuals to prosper despite encountering adverse circumstances. This paper defines academic resilience as the ability of 15-year-old students from disadvantaged backgrounds to perform at a certain level in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in reading, mathematics and science that…
Descriptors: Educationally Disadvantaged, Resilience (Psychology), Academic Persistence, Academic Achievement
Borgonovi, Francesca; Ferrara, Alessandro; Maghnouj, Soumaya – OECD Publishing, 2018
As is the case in most OECD countries, boys in Norway are more likely to have lower levels of academic achievement and attainment than girls. While this phenomenon is not recent, it has become increasingly pronounced in recent years and, as a result, is attracting considerable attention from policy-makers in many countries. This paper develops…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Outcomes of Education, Academic Achievement
Borgonovi, Francesca; Choi, Álvaro; Paccagnella, Marco – OECD Publishing, 2018
Numeracy and literacy skills have become increasingly important in modern labour markets. The large gender differences that several studies have identified have therefore sparked considerable attention among researchers and policy makers. Little is known about the moment in which such gaps emerge, how they evolve and if their evolution differs…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Numeracy, Mathematics Skills, Literacy
Borgonovi, Francesca – OECD Publishing, 2018
The ability of societies to preserve social cohesion in the presence of large migration flows depends on their capacity to integrate immigrants. Education can help immigrants acquire skills and contribute to the host-country economy; it can also foster immigrants' social and emotional well-being and sustain their motivation to participate in the…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Well Being, Immigrants, Comparative Analysis
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Pokropek, Artur; Borgonovi, Francesca; McCormick, Carina – Applied Measurement in Education, 2017
Large-scale international assessments rely on indicators of the resources that students report having in their homes to capture the financial capital of their families. The scaling methodology currently used to develop the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) background indices is designed to maximize within-country comparability…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, Secondary School Students, International Assessment