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Kikas, Eve; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Pakarinen, Eija; Poikonen, Pirjo-Liisa – Educational Psychology, 2016
This study examined the role of family-related (mother's education, depressive symptoms and child's gender) and kindergarten-related (teacher's experience, teaching practices and class size) factors in mothers' and teachers' mutual trust in Estonia and Finland. Six hundred eighteen (206 Estonian and 412 Finnish) mothers of kindergarten children…
Descriptors: Role, Family Environment, Questionnaires, Trust (Psychology)
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Frewen, A. R.; Chew, E.; Carter, M.; Chunn, J.; Jotanovic, D. – Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development, 2015
Parental involvement (PI) and child-rearing beliefs were examined amongst parents whose children attended state-run kindergartens across Singapore. A total of 244 parents completed an online survey consisting of a Child-Rearing Beliefs Scale, a PI Scale, and demographic details. Results indicated respondents were generally low-income earners with…
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Child Rearing, Academic Achievement, Low Income
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van der Aalsvoort, Geerdina Maria; Lepola, Janne; Overtoom, Lisette; Laitinen, Satu – Research Papers in Education, 2015
It is a challenge for an early education teacher to enhance the development of self-regulation of young children to become and stay motivated for tasks that elicit school-related skills that do not immediately make sense for them. Being aware of motivational orientations in young students is therefore a must. In the study, a cross-cultural…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Student Motivation, Early Childhood Education, Kindergarten
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Brody, David L. – European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 2015
Because professionalism in early childhood education and care (ECEC) is measured by standards relating to caring, men in the field are often held to expectations associated with female behaviors. This research examines the tensions arising from this encounter and explores alternative solutions which male ECEC workers around the world have…
Descriptors: Males, Masculinity, Self Concept, Preschool Teachers
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Nyroos, Mikaela; Korhonen, Johan; Linnanmäki, Karin; Svens-Liavåg, Camilla – Education Inquiry, 2012
The education systems in Sweden and Finland have different formal and informal testing traditions. A recognised possible adverse effect of testing is test anxiety among pupils and students which may have a negative impact on examination performance. Research into which factors of testing practice affect the levels of test anxiety in younger pupils…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Test Anxiety, Grade 3, Elementary School Students