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Giusto, Michelle; Ehri, Linnea C. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
This experiment examined whether a partial read-aloud accommodation with pacing (PRAP) would improve the reading comprehension of poor decoders but not average decoders compared to standard testing procedures. Participants were 82 third graders with at least average listening comprehension skills: 28 were poor decoders, and 54 were average…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Reading Aloud to Others, Reading Tests, Testing Accommodations
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Deng, Qinli; Choi, William; Tong, Xiuli – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
This study examined the roles of first-language (L1) Chinese and second-language (L2) English phonological skills in English and Chinese reading comprehension, respectively, and their association with reading comprehension difficulties among Hong Kong Chinese-English bilingual children. We tested 258 second graders on nonverbal intelligence,…
Descriptors: Native Language, Second Language Learning, Reading Comprehension, English (Second Language)
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Wang, Amber Y.; Fuchs, Lynn S.; Fuchs, Douglas; Gilbert, Jennifer K.; Krowka, Sarah; Abramson, Rebecca – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
The purpose of this study was to explore the efficacy of fractions intervention with and without an embedded self-regulation (SR) component for third-grade students at risk for mathematics disabilities. Fractions intervention focused on magnitude understanding and word problems. Embedded SR was designed to support a growth mindset (fostering…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Self Management, Elementary School Students, Grade 3
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Petscher, Yaacov; Solari, Emily J.; Catts, Hugh W. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
The present study explores the longitudinal development between Grade 3 word level reading skills and higher level semantic skills to Grade 10 reading comprehension for 3,157 students. In particular, this work focused on how the developmental relations varied for subsamples of students who are English learners (EL; N = 308), students identified as…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Reading Skills, Grade 3, Reading Comprehension
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Kjeldsen, Ann-Christina; Educ, Lic; Saarento-Zaprudin, Silja K.; Niemi, Pekka O. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
Training in phonological awareness has brought about well-documented positive effects on learning to read in lower-primary grades. Less is known about long-term gains extending to upper-primary and junior high school. The few longitudinal studies covering at least 5 years suggest that gains in decoding are sustained, whereas effects on reading…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Elementary School Students, Junior High School Students, Foreign Countries
O'Connor, Rollanda E. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
The goal of improving reading rate and fluency is to positively impact reading comprehension; however, it is unclear how fast students with learning disabilities (LD) need to read to reap this benefit. The purpose of this research was to identify the point of diminishing return for students who were dysfluent readers. Participants included 337…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Reading Difficulties, Reading Rate, Reading Comprehension
Coker, David L.; Ritchey, Kristen D.; Uribe-Zarain, Ximena; Jennings, Austin S. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
To help all students meet the writing expectations of the Common Core State Standards, researchers need a deeper understanding of the characteristics of struggling writers. The purpose of this study was to explore the writing profiles of students including those who have or are at risk for writing disabilities. First-grade students (N = 391) were…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Writing Skills, Writing Evaluation
Costa, Lara-Jeane; Green, Melissa; Sideris, John; Hooper, Stephen R. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
The primary aim of this study was determining Grade 1 cognitive predictors of students at risk for writing disabilities in Grades 2 through 4. Applying cognitive measures selected to align with theoretical and empirical models of writing, tasks were administered to Grade 1 students assessing fine-motor, linguistic, and executive functions: 84 at…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Raddatz, Julia; Kuhn, Jörg-Tobias; Holling, Heinz; Moll, Kristina; Dobel, Christian – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
The aim of the present study was to investigate the cognitive profiles of primary school children (age 82-133 months) on a battery of basic number processing and calculation tasks. The sample consisted of four groups matched for age and IQ: arithmetic disorder only (AD; n = 20), reading disorder only (RD; n = 40), a comorbid group (n = 27), and an…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Reading Difficulties, Numbers, Computation
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Blicher, Shira; Feingold, Liat; Shany, Michal – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This study investigated the relationship between reading comprehension (RC), trait anxiety, and preoccupation with reading disability (RD) in 88 school children in Grades 3 through 5 and in their mothers. Children's trait anxiety had a significant direct negative relationship with RC and also mediated the association between preoccupation with RD…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Reading Difficulties, Mothers, Reading Comprehension
Stevens, Joseph J.; Schulte, Ann C. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This study examined mathematics achievement growth of students without disabilities (SWoD) and students with learning disabilities (LD) and tested whether growth and LD status interacted with student demographic characteristics. Growth was estimated in a statewide sample of 79,554 students over Grades 3 to 7. The LD group was significantly lower…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Mathematics Instruction, Student Characteristics, Mathematics Achievement
Swanson, H. Lee; Orosco, Michael J.; Kudo, Milagros – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This cohort-sequential study explored the components of working memory (WM) that underlie second language (L2) reading growth in 450 children at risk and not at risk for reading disabilities (RD) whose first language is Spanish. English language learners designated as balanced and nonbalanced bilinguals with and without risk for RD in Grades 1, 2,…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Bilingualism, Reading Difficulties, Spanish Speaking
Oslund, Eric L.; Hagan-Burke, Shanna; Simmons, Deborah C.; Clemens, Nathan H.; Simmons, Leslie E.; Taylor, Aaron B.; Kwok, Oi-man; Coyne, Michael D. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This study examined the predictive validity of formative assessments embedded in a Tier 2 intervention curriculum for kindergarten students identified as at risk for reading difficulty. We examined when (i.e., months during the school year) measures could predict reading outcomes gathered at the end of kindergarten and whether the predictive…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Formative Evaluation, At Risk Students, Kindergarten
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Tobia, Valentina; Fasola, Anna; Lupieri, Alice; Marzocchi, Gian Marco – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
This study aimed to explore the spatial numerical association of response codes (SNARC), the flanker, and the numerical distance effects in children with mathematical difficulties. From a sample of 720 third, fourth, and fifth graders, 60 children were selected and divided into the following three groups: typically developing children (TD; n =…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Reading Difficulties, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Bryant, Brian R.; Bryant, Diane Pedrotty; Porterfield, Jennifer; Dennis, Minyi Shih; Falcomata, Terry; Valentine, Courtney; Brewer, Chelsea; Bell, Kathy – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a systematic, explicit, intensive Tier 3 (tertiary) intervention on the mathematics performance of students in second grade with severe mathematics difficulties. A multiple-baseline design across groups of participants showed improved mathematics performance on number and operations…
Descriptors: Intervention, Mathematics Achievement, Grade 2, Elementary School Students
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