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Showing 1 to 15 of 22 results Save | Export
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Leyva, Diana; Tamis-LeMonda, Catherine S.; Yoshikawa, Hirokazu – Elementary School Journal, 2019
We examined associations between maternal writing support, math support, and directiveness and children's literacy and math outcomes. Participants were 208 African American, Dominican, Mexican, and Chinese mothers and their first-grade children from low-income households. Mothers were video-recorded playing a grocery game with their children…
Descriptors: Mothers, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Literacy Education
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Chow, Jason C.; Wehby, Joseph H. – Elementary School Journal, 2019
The purposes of this study were (a) to test the efficacy of whole-class equal-sign instruction, (b) to contrast the effects of symbolic and nonsymbolic instructional representation, (c) to determine whether visual representation compensated for language deficits, and (d) to evaluate maintenance of intervention. We randomly assigned 195 children…
Descriptors: Grade 2, Symbols (Mathematics), Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Instruction
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Guo, Daibao; Wright, Katherine Landau; McTigue, Erin M. – Elementary School Journal, 2018
Although visual complexity is increasing and graphics are essential to support readers' comprehension of disciplinary texts, visual literacy receives scant attention. Research suggests that effectively instructing students to interpret discipline-specific graphics would yield better comprehension. However, before this line of inquiry can be…
Descriptors: Content Analysis, Textbooks, Elementary School Students, Science Instruction
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Silverman, Rebecca D.; Martin-Beltran, Melinda; Peercy, Megan M.; Hartranft, Anna M.; McNeish, Daniel M.; Artzi, Lauren; Nunn, Stephanie – Elementary School Journal, 2017
This study evaluated the effects of a cross-age peer learning program targeting vocabulary and comprehension in kindergarten and fourth-grade classrooms with substantial proportions of English Learners (ELs). The study followed a quasi-experimental design with 12 classrooms (6 kindergarten and 6 fourth grade) in the intervention group and 12…
Descriptors: Peer Teaching, Vocabulary Development, Kindergarten, Grade 4
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Toste, Jessica R.; Capin, Philip; Vaughn, Sharon – Elementary School Journal, 2017
This randomized controlled trial focused on 59 struggling readers in the third and fourth grades (30 female, 29 male) and examined the efficacy of an intervention aimed at increasing students' multisyllabic word reading (MWR). The study also explored the relative effects of an embedded motivational beliefs (MB) training component. Struggling…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Randomized Controlled Trials, Reading Comprehension, Reading Fluency
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McGrath, Kevin Francis; Van Bergen, Penny; Sweller, Naomi – Elementary School Journal, 2017
Building on work examining teachers' perceptions of the student-teacher relationship, this study investigated how young students draw themselves with their teachers. Fourteen kindergarten and first-grade teachers each nominated 2 disruptive and 2 well-behaved students. Students then completed 1 drawing of themselves with their classroom teacher…
Descriptors: Freehand Drawing, Color, Teacher Student Relationship, Kindergarten
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Powell, Sarah R.; Nelson, Gena – Elementary School Journal, 2017
Competency with mathematics requires use of numerals and symbols as well as an understanding and use of mathematics vocabulary (e.g., "add," "more," "triangle"). Currently, no measures exist in which the primary function is to gauge mathematics-vocabulary understanding. We created a 64-item mathematics-vocabulary…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Vocabulary Development, Grade 1, Elementary School Students
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Smith, Jean Louise M.; Nelson, Nancy J.; Fien, Hank; Smolkowski, Keith; Kosty, Derek; Baker, Scott K. – Elementary School Journal, 2016
This study reports the results of a cluster RCT evaluating the impact of Enhanced Core Reading Instruction on reading achievement of grade 1 at-risk readers. Forty-four elementary schools, blocked by district, were randomly assigned to condition. In both conditions, at-risk readers received 90 minutes of whole-group instruction (Tier 1) plus an…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Instruction, At Risk Students, Reading Achievement
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Lee, Phyllis; Bierman, Karen L. – Elementary School Journal, 2016
Poor-quality classroom and school contexts may impede the academic and behavioral adjustment of low-income students when they transition into kindergarten. Several studies have examined the impact of teacher-student interactions on student progress, whereas others have explored the impact of school-level adversity (e.g., student poverty, school…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Teacher Student Relationship
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Brizuela, Bárbara M. – Elementary School Journal, 2016
In this article, I analyze episodes from two third-grade classrooms drawn from a larger classroom teaching experiment to explore how these students began to incorporate nonnumerical symbols in their mathematical expressions when asked to represent indeterminate quantities. The article addresses two research questions: What understandings did these…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Mathematical Formulas, Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Education
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Dwyer, Julie; Kelcey, Ben; Berebitsky, Dan; Carlisle, Joanne F. – Elementary School Journal, 2016
In theory, engaging students in discussion helps them learn how to understand and think critically about texts. Researchers have sought to identify effective features of teacher-led text-based discussions by designing specific discussion-group programs and investigating their influence on students' comprehension in upper elementary classrooms.…
Descriptors: Discourse Analysis, Group Discussion, Elementary School Students, Measures (Individuals)
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Jordan, Michelle E. – Elementary School Journal, 2015
Research revealing the continued dominance of narrative texts in primary-grade classrooms, coupled with shifts in the American cultural and textual landscape, have prompted educational policy urging teachers to increase the variety of informational texts students read and the authenticity with which students use those texts. The purpose of this…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Qualitative Research
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Kim, Young-Suk; Puranik, Cynthia; Al Otaiba, Stephanie – Elementary School Journal, 2015
We examined growth trajectories of writing and the relation of children's socioeconomic status and language and/or speech impairment to the growth trajectories. First-grade children (N = 304) were assessed on their written composition in the fall, winter, and spring, and their vocabulary and literacy skills in the fall. Children's SES had a…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Language Impairments, Speech Impairments, Child Development
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Toste, Jessica R.; Heath, Nancy L.; Connor, Carol McDonald; Peng, Peng – Elementary School Journal, 2015
Relationships with teachers have been found to be particularly salient for elementary-age students, as they relate to successful adjustment to school. The construct of working alliance reconceptualizes traditional definitions of relationship to consider elements of emotional connection, as well as the collaboration central to the working…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Questionnaires, Likert Scales, Construct Validity
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Silverman, Rebecca D.; Coker, David; Proctor, C. Patrick; Harring, Jeffrey; Piantedosi, Kelly W.; Hartranft, Anna M. – Elementary School Journal, 2015
The purpose of this study was to explore relationships between language variables and writing outcomes with linguistically diverse students in grades 3-5. The participants were 197 children from three schools in one district in the mid-Atlantic United States. We assessed students' vocabulary knowledge and morphological and syntactical skill as…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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