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Buttaro, Anthony, Jr.; Catsambis, Sophia – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background: Ability grouping has resurged in U.S. schools despite long-standing debates over its consequences for educational equity. Proponents argue that it is the best response to variation in academic skills because it allows teachers to customize the content and pace of instruction to students' diverse needs. Critics answer that this practice…
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Equal Education, Reading Instruction, Primary Education
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Steacy, Laura M.; Compton, Donald L.; Petscher, Yaacov; Elliott, James D.; Smith, Kathryn; Rueckl, Jay G.; Sawi, Oliver; Frost, Stephen J.; Pugh, Kenneth R. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2019
As children learn to read, they become sensitive to context-dependent vowel pronunciations in words, considered a form of statistical learning. The work of Treiman and colleagues demonstrated that readers' vowel pronunciations depend on the consonantal context in which the vowel occurs and reading experience. Using explanatory item-response models…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Vowels, Context Effect, Pronunciation
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Biancarosa, Gina; Kennedy, Patrick C.; Carlson, Sarah E.; Yoon, HyeonJin; Seipel, Ben; Liu, Bowen; Davison, Mark L. – Educational and Psychological Measurement, 2019
Prior research suggests that subscores from a single achievement test seldom add value over a single total score. Such scores typically correspond to subcontent areas in the total content domain, but content subdomains might not provide a sound basis for subscores. Using scores on an inferential reading comprehension test from 625 third, fourth,…
Descriptors: Scores, Scoring, Achievement Tests, Grade 3
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Gaston, Joseph P.; Havard, Byron – TechTrends: Linking Research and Practice to Improve Learning, 2019
The purpose of this study was to determine how Collaborative Video Production (CVP) influences students' perceived learning, content interest, and school interest. The theoretical framework is based on the Four Phase Interest Model developed by Renninger and Hidi (2016). The sample consisted of 242 students and 13 teachers representing grades 2…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Student Interests, Video Technology, Cooperative Learning
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Biancarosa, Gina; Kennedy, Patrick C.; Carlson, Sarah E.; Yoon, HyeonJin; Seipel, Ben; Liu, Bowen; Davison, Mark L. – Grantee Submission, 2019
Prior research suggests that subscores from a single achievement test seldom add value over a single total score. Such scores typically correspond to subcontent areas in the total content domain, but content subdomains might not provide a sound basis for subscores. Using scores on an inferential reading comprehension test from 625 third, fourth,…
Descriptors: Scores, Scoring, Achievement Tests, Grade 3
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Kohan-Mass, Judith; Tal, Liraz – Gifted Education International, 2019
In order to reach gender equity in the gifted population, an affirmative action policy was instituted in Israel to increase the number of girls identified as gifted. The purpose of this study was to compare the self-efficacy beliefs of girls in the top 1.5% (gifted girls (GG)) with those of girls in the top 3% (GG in affirmative action). It was…
Descriptors: Academically Gifted, Self Efficacy, Females, Mathematics Skills
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Matta, Tyler H.; Soland, James – Journal of Educational and Behavioral Statistics, 2019
The development of academic English proficiency and the time it takes to reclassify to fluent English proficient status are key issues in English learner (EL) policy. This article develops a shared random effects model (SREM) to estimate English proficiency development and time to reclassification simultaneously, treating student-specific random…
Descriptors: English Language Learners, Language Proficiency, Classification, Language Fluency
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Edelen, Daniel; Bush, Sarah B.; Nickels, Megan – Science and Children, 2019
Because students have often been conditioned as passive learners and receivers of knowledge, it can be difficult for them to persevere in solving authentic problems. Nevertheless, teachers must persist in preparing students as problem solvers and critical thinkers. In an urban inner-city neighborhood school in the southeast, students embarked on a…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Jurkiewicz, Melissa A.; Kirn, Adam; Crowther, David – Science and Children, 2019
Interactions with forces and energy can range from a toddler dropping toys repeatedly for someone else to pick up to a group of fifth graders playing soccer at recess. In addition, students may have observed the power of water to move physical objects by seeing news footage of rising floodwaters, experimenting with a garden hose, or spending a day…
Descriptors: Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Water
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Barone, Diane; Barone, Rebecca – Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 2019
This year-long qualitative study explored third-, fourth-, and fifth-grade gifted students' participation during inquiry explorations. We discovered that it took considerable time for students to balance the process and final product created. For instance, students focused on the process and planning of the outcome. However, when the outcome…
Descriptors: Inquiry, Active Learning, Academically Gifted, Elementary School Students
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Mulligan, Gail M.; McCarroll, Jill Carlivati; Flanagan, Kristin Denton; McPhee, Cameron – National Center for Education Statistics, 2019
The Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-11 (ECLS-K:2011) is the third in a series of longitudinal studies of young children conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), within the U.S. Department of Education's Institute of Education Sciences. The ECLS-K:2011 collected information about the early…
Descriptors: Children, Longitudinal Studies, Surveys, Outcomes of Education
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Crawford, Lindy; Quebec Fuentes, Sarah; Huscroft-D'Angelo, Jacqueline; Higgins, Kristina N. – Intervention in School and Clinic, 2019
Meaningful inclusion of quantitative reasoning into mathematics instruction requires meaningful ways to evaluate it. Few formative assessments exist to evaluate the strategies students use when reasoning mathematically. The Framework for Evaluating Quantitative Reasoning Strategies presented in this article provides teachers with categories for…
Descriptors: Fractions, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematical Logic, Student Evaluation
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Lowe, Patricia A. – Higher Education Studies, 2019
This study examined the expression and level of test anxiety in a sample of 1221 elementary school students. The Test Anxiety Scale for Elementary Students (TAS-E), a new multidimensional measure developed based on recent conceptualizations of the test anxiety construct, was administered to elementary school-age students. The TAS-E consists of…
Descriptors: Test Anxiety, Elementary School Students, Gender Differences, Grade 2
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Di Martino, Pietro – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 2019
Educators and several national standards highlight the role that problem solving should play in students' mathematics education: problem solving is recognized as one of the most significant activities of doing mathematics. From the research point of view, nowadays, it is well established that cognitive and affective factors come into play in…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Elementary School Students, Comparative Analysis, Problem Solving
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Zhao, Weiguo; Song, Yining; Zhao, Qi; Zhang, Ruixue – Educational Psychology, 2019
The subjects of this research were 776 pupils from grade three to grade six in Shandong Province, China. This study examined the influence of teacher support on students' reading engagement, and the mediating variables between those two factors, as measured by the perception of teachers' support scale, reading engagement scale, reading interest…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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