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Giusto, Michelle; Ehri, Linnea C. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
This experiment examined whether a partial read-aloud accommodation with pacing (PRAP) would improve the reading comprehension of poor decoders but not average decoders compared to standard testing procedures. Participants were 82 third graders with at least average listening comprehension skills: 28 were poor decoders, and 54 were average…
Descriptors: Instructional Effectiveness, Reading Aloud to Others, Reading Tests, Testing Accommodations
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Clemens, Nathan H.; Hsiao, Yu-Yu; Simmons, Leslie E.; Kwok, Oi-man; Greene, Emily A.; Soohoo, Michelle M.; Henri, Maria A.; Luo, Wen; Prickett, Christopher; Rivas, Brenna; Otaiba, Stephanie Al – Assessment for Effective Intervention, 2019
Although several measures are available for monitoring kindergarten reading progress, little research has directly compared them to determine which are superior in predicting year-end reading skills relative to other measures, and how validity may change across the school year as reading skills develop. A sample of 426 kindergarten students who…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Kindergarten, Progress Monitoring, Curriculum Based Assessment
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Barber, Mariah; Cartledge, Gwendolyn; Council, Morris, III; Konrad, Moira; Gardner, Ralph; Telesman, Alana O. – Learning Disabilities: A Contemporary Journal, 2018
This study examined the effects of a novel computer software program, Reading RACES (Relevant and Culturally Engaging Stories), on the oral reading fluency and comprehension of three urban first graders who were English language learners (ELLs) and showed reading/special education risk. The individually administered intervention consisted of…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Reading Instruction, Reading Programs, Culturally Relevant Education
O'Connor, Rollanda E. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
The goal of improving reading rate and fluency is to positively impact reading comprehension; however, it is unclear how fast students with learning disabilities (LD) need to read to reap this benefit. The purpose of this research was to identify the point of diminishing return for students who were dysfluent readers. Participants included 337…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Reading Difficulties, Reading Rate, Reading Comprehension
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Morris, Darrell; Trathen, Woodrow; Perney, Jan; Gill, Tom; Schlagal, Robert; Ward, Devery; Frye, Elizabeth M. – Reading Psychology, 2017
Within a developmental framework, this study compared the predictive validity of three DIBELS tasks (phoneme segmentation fluency [PSF], nonsense word fluency [NWF], and oral reading fluency [ORF]) with that of three alternative tasks drawn from the field of reading (phonemic spelling [phSPEL], word recognition-timed [WR-t], and graded passage…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Emergent Literacy, Reading Tests, Reading Fluency
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Logan, Jessica – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
The goal of this study was to examine how selected pressure points or areas of vulnerability are related to individual differences in reading comprehension and whether the importance of these pressure points varies as a function of the level of children's reading comprehension. A sample of 245 third-grade children were given an assessment battery…
Descriptors: Multiple Regression Analysis, Reading Comprehension, Individual Differences, Grade 3
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Swanson, H. Lee; Orosco, Michael J.; Kudo, Milagros Fatima – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2017
This study investigated the relationship between elementary classroom (N = 50) reading activities in Year 1 and reading performance (i.e., passage comprehension, letter-word identification, and word attack) 1 year later for English language learners (ELLs; N = 270). A cross-classification hierarchical model indicated that compared to other reading…
Descriptors: Reading Assignments, English Language Learners, Reading Achievement, Predictor Variables
Oslund, Eric L.; Hagan-Burke, Shanna; Simmons, Deborah C.; Clemens, Nathan H.; Simmons, Leslie E.; Taylor, Aaron B.; Kwok, Oi-man; Coyne, Michael D. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2017
This study examined the predictive validity of formative assessments embedded in a Tier 2 intervention curriculum for kindergarten students identified as at risk for reading difficulty. We examined when (i.e., months during the school year) measures could predict reading outcomes gathered at the end of kindergarten and whether the predictive…
Descriptors: Predictive Validity, Formative Evaluation, At Risk Students, Kindergarten
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Kearns, Devin M.; Rogers, H. Jane; Koriakin, Taylor; Al Ghanem, Reem – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2016
This study addresses whether reading involves a process termed semantic and phonological ability to adjust recoding (SPAAR). It was hypothesized that SPAAR helps readers link inaccurate pronunciations to lexical entries (e.g., "spynitch" to "spinach"). Psychometric properties of the Mispronunciation Correction Task (MCT), a…
Descriptors: Semantics, Phonology, Reading Skills, Cognitive Processes
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Mendez, Linda M. Raffaele; Pelzmann, Catherine A.; Frank, Michael J. – Reading & Writing Quarterly, 2016
In this study, we piloted a Tier 2 intervention designed to improve reading skills among struggling early readers using an intervention that included SRA Reading Mastery, listening-while-reading activities, strategies to increase motivation and engagement in reading, and parent involvement in reading homework. The study included 6 students in…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Programs, Reading Instruction, Grade 1
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Richards-Tutor, Catherine; Baker, Doris L.; Gersten, Russell; Baker, Scott K.; Smith, Jeanie Mercier – Exceptional Children, 2016
This article reviews published experimental studies from 2000 to 2012 that evaluated the effects of providing reading interventions to English learners who were at risk for experiencing academic difficulties, including students with learning disabilities. Criteria included: (a) the study was published in a peer-referred journal, (b) the study was…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Instruction, Literature Reviews, Electronic Libraries
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Etmanskie, Jill M.; Partanen, Marita; Siegel, Linda S. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
There are some children who encounter unexpected reading difficulties in the fourth grade. This phenomenon has been described as late emerging reading disabilities (LERD). Using Grade 4 as a starting point, this study examined the reading development of 964 children between kindergarten and Grade 7. The results showed that 72.0% of children had…
Descriptors: Learning Disabilities, Reading Difficulties, Elementary School Students, Reading Comprehension
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Cartwright, Kelly B.; Marshall, Timothy R.; Wray, Erica – Reading Psychology, 2016
Although substantial research indicates motivation contributes significant variance to reading comprehension in upper elementary students, research with students in primary grades has focused, instead, on the relation of motivation to word reading. Assessment of reading motivation in 68 first and second graders indicated word and nonword reading…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Reading Comprehension, Reading Motivation, Role
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Conrad, Nicole J.; Deacon, S. Hélène – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2016
Prominent models of word reading concur that the development of efficient word reading depends on the establishment of lexical orthographic representations in memory. In turn, word reading skills are conceptualised as supporting the development of these orthographic representations. As such, models of word reading development make clear…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 2, Grade 3, Orthographic Symbols
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Catts, Hugh W.; Nielsen, Diane Corcoran; Bridges, Mindy Sittner; Liu, Yi-Syuan – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
Most research on early identification of reading disabilities has focused on word reading problems and little attention has been given to reading comprehension difficulties. In this study, we investigated whether measures of language ability and/or response to language intervention in kindergarten uniquely predicted reading comprehension…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Reading Comprehension, Language Skills, Kindergarten
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