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Poch, Apryl L.; Allen, Abigail A.; Lembke, Erica S. – Psychology in the Schools, 2019
Spelling has been identified as a key transcription skill that emerges during the elementary years as students learn how to write and subsequently develop fluency with writing, making the assessment of spelling a critical component of evaluation systems within schools. This includes the use of curriculum-based measures of writing (CBM-W). This…
Descriptors: Spelling, Achievement Tests, Curriculum Based Assessment, Scoring
Costa, Lara-Jeane; Green, Melissa; Sideris, John; Hooper, Stephen R. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
The primary aim of this study was determining Grade 1 cognitive predictors of students at risk for writing disabilities in Grades 2 through 4. Applying cognitive measures selected to align with theoretical and empirical models of writing, tasks were administered to Grade 1 students assessing fine-motor, linguistic, and executive functions: 84 at…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Jefferson, Ruth E.; Grant, Christina E.; Sander, Janay B. – Reading Psychology, 2017
This quasi-experimental study examined differences in student reading outcomes. Participants were third grade non-struggling readers. Intervention classrooms included core curriculum instruction plus evidence-based reading comprehension instruction and differentiated repeated readings. Comparison classrooms provided core curriculum instruction…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Fluency, High Stakes Tests, Quasiexperimental Design
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Bailey, Drew H.; Hansen, Nicole; Jordan, Nancy C. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
The importance of fraction knowledge to later mathematics achievement, along with U.S. students' poor knowledge of fraction concepts and procedures, has prompted research on the development of fraction learning. In the present study, participants' (N = 536) development of fraction magnitude understanding and fraction arithmetic skills was assessed…
Descriptors: Fractions, Arithmetic, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Mathematics
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Munger, Kristen A.; Murray, Maria S. – Educational Assessment, 2017
The purpose of this study was to examine the validity evidence of first-grade spelling scores from a standardized test of nonsense word spellings and their potential value within universal literacy screening. Spelling scores from the Test of Phonological Awareness: Second Edition PLUS for 47 first-grade children were scored using a standardized…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Emergent Literacy, Reading Fluency, Reading Tests
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
Pathways of relations of language, cognitive, and literacy skills (i.e., working memory, vocabulary, grammatical knowledge, inference, comprehension monitoring, word reading, and listening comprehension) to reading comprehension were examined by comparing four variations of direct and indirect effects model of reading. Results from 350…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Grade 2, Elementary School Students, Language Skills
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Swanson, H. Lee; Fung, Wenson – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
This study determined the working memory (WM) components (executive, phonological short-term memory [STM], and visual-spatial sketchpad) that best predicted mathematical word problem-solving accuracy in elementary schoolchildren (N = 392). The battery of tests administered to assess mediators between WM and problem-solving included measures of…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Problem Solving, Accuracy, Phonology
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Fives, Allyn – Reading Psychology, 2016
The current article examines what factors explained the success of a reading program delivered by older adult volunteers to at-risk early readers. The article also examines the direction of the relationship over time (both direct and mediated) between reading achievement, frequency of reading at home, and academic self-beliefs. Two hundred and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Reading Programs, Program Effectiveness, Early Reading
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Petscher, Yaacov – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Emerging evidence suggests that children's sensitivity to suprasegmental phonology such as stress and timing (i.e., prosodic sensitivity) contributes to reading. The primary goal of this study was to investigate pathways of the relation of prosodic sensitivity to reading (word reading and reading comprehension) using data from 370 first-grade…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Phonological Awareness, Intonation
Costa, Lara-Jeane C.; Edwards, Crystal N.; Hooper, Stephen R. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2016
This longitudinal study was conducted to determine (a) the rate of co-occurrence of reading disabilities (RDs) in a writing disability (WD) population of students followed from first grade to fourth grade and (b) the cognitive burden that is assumed by having a WD and a RD (WD + RD). The sample included 137 first-grade students from a single…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Writing Difficulties, Reading Difficulties, Multiple Disabilities
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Kim, Young-Suk; Al Otaiba, Stephanie; Wanzek, Jeanne; Gatlin, Brandy – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015
We had 3 aims in the present study: (a) to examine the dimensionality of various evaluative approaches to scoring writing samples (e.g., quality, productivity, and curriculum-based measurement [CBM] writing scoring), (b) to investigate unique language and cognitive predictors of the identified dimensions, and (c) to examine gender gap in the…
Descriptors: Writing (Composition), Gender Differences, Curriculum Based Assessment, Scoring
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Doty, Sara J.; Hixson, Michael D.; Decker, Dawn M.; Reynolds, Jennifer L.; Drevon, Daniel D. – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2015
Two studies explored the technical adequacy of various measures of advanced phonics skills. In Study 1, the advanced phonics measures consisted of pseudowords, real words, or a combination of both. Participants included 39 students in the third grade. Test-retest correlations for all measures were above 0.8 and interrater reliability was high.…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Reading Tests, Phonics, Reliability
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Sisco-Taylor, Dennis; Fung, Wenson; Swanson, H. Lee – Assessment for Effective Intervention, 2015
This study examined whether curriculum-based measures (CBMs) of math word-problem contributed unique variance in predictions of performance on high-stakes tests, beyond the contribution of calculation and reading skills. CBMs were administered to a representative sample of 142 third-grade students at three time points. Results indicate that…
Descriptors: Curriculum Based Assessment, Word Problems (Mathematics), Problem Solving, Mathematics Tests
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Cowan, Richard; Powell, Daisy – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
Explanations of the marked individual differences in elementary school mathematical achievement and mathematical learning disability (MLD or dyscalculia) have involved domain-general factors (working memory, reasoning, processing speed, and oral language) and numerical factors that include single-digit processing efficiency and multidigit skills…
Descriptors: Elementary School Mathematics, Mathematics Skills, Learning Disabilities, Elementary School Students
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What Works Clearinghouse, 2014
The study examined the effects of "Process Assessment of the Learner" ("PAL"), a writing expression curriculum. The program was tested with second-grade students in a suburban-rural school district in the southeastern United States. Three sections of PAL lessons were implemented in the district as a small-group curriculum…
Descriptors: Intervention, At Risk Students, Elementary School Students, Grade 2
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