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Showing 1 to 15 of 94 results Save | Export
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Low, Sabina; Smolkowski, Keith; Cook, Clayton; Desfosses, Danielle – Developmental Psychology, 2019
This study examined the impact of a commonly adopted elementary universal social-emotional learning program, Second Step, on student social-emotional and academic outcomes following 2 years of implementation. The cluster-randomized wait-list control trial included 61 schools, 321 teachers, and 8,941 early elementary students across 2 states, with…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Students
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Rapp, Diotima J.; Engelmann, Jan M.; Herrmann, Esther; Tomasello, Michael – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Reputational concerns are known to promote cooperation. Individuals regularly act more prosocially when their behavior is observable by others. Here, we investigate 4- and 5-year-old (N = 144) children's reputational strategies in a competitive group setting. The aim of the current study was to explore whether children's sharing behavior is…
Descriptors: Young Children, Reputation, Peer Groups, Sharing Behavior
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Geer, Elyssa A.; Quinn, Jamie M.; Ganley, Colleen M. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Previous research has demonstrated a link between spatial and math skills. However, little research has examined this relation longitudinally. The present study examines the development of and reciprocal relations between spatial and math skills in elementary school students. We administered two spatial tasks and a math task to 312 first- through…
Descriptors: Correlation, Spatial Ability, Mathematics Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Johnson, Anna D.; Finch, Jenna E.; Phillips, Deborah A. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Publicly funded center-based preschool programs were designed to enhance low-income children's early cognitive and social-emotional skills in preparation for kindergarten. In the U.S., the federal Head Start program and state-funded public school-based pre-kindergarten (pre-k) programs are the two primary center-based settings in which low-income…
Descriptors: Low Income, School Readiness, Preschool Children, Disadvantaged Youth
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Willoughby, Michael T.; Wylie, Amanda C.; Little, Michael H. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Children with higher levels of executive function (EF) skills consistently demonstrate higher levels of academic achievement. Despite the consistency of these associations, fundamental questions remain about whether efforts to improve an individual child's EF skills result in corresponding improvements in his or her academic performance. In the…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Academic Achievement, Cognitive Ability, Achievement Gains
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Weidinger, Anne F.; Steinmayr, Ricarda; Spinath, Birgit – Developmental Psychology, 2019
In line with the reciprocal internal/external frame of reference model (RI/E model), it is well-established that secondary school students generate domain-specific ability self-concepts by comparing their own performance in a domain socially (i.e., with others' performance in this domain) and dimensionally (i.e., with their own performance in…
Descriptors: Ability, Self Concept, Elementary Schools, Elementary School Students
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Davies, Patrick T.; Thompson, Morgan J.; Coe, Jesse L.; Sturge-Apple, Melissa L.; Martin, Meredith J. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Guided primarily by life history theory, this study was designed to identify how and why early exposure to caregiver intimate relationship instability uniquely predicts children's externalizing symptoms in the context of other dimensions of unpredictability characterized by residential and parental job transitions. Participants included 243…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Structural Equation Models, Interpersonal Relationship, Parent Child Relationship
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Ren, Kexin; Lin, Ying; Gunderson, Elizabeth A. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Elementary school students often lack a conceptual understanding of linear measurement, which is revealed by their poor performance when the object to be measured is not aligned with the start of the ruler. Instead of correctly counting the units that correspond to the object (e.g., inches or centimeters), children often use 1 of 2 incorrect…
Descriptors: Inhibition, Elementary School Students, Measurement Techniques, Grade 1
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Charlesworth, Tessa E. S.; Hudson, Sa-kiera T. J.; Cogsdill, Emily J.; Spelke, Elizabeth S.; Banaji, Mahzarin R. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Humans possess a tendency to rapidly and consistently make character evaluations from mere facial appearance. Recent work shows that this tendency emerges surprisingly early: children as young as 3-years-old provide adult-like assessments of others on character attributes such as "nice," "strong," and "smart" based…
Descriptors: Human Body, Personality Traits, Physical Characteristics, Decision Making
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Li, Zhi; Liu, Siwei; Hartman, Sarah; Belsky, Jay – Developmental Psychology, 2018
This research investigates whether and how two fundamental environmental factors--harshness and unpredictability--interact in regulating child and adolescent development, informed by life-history theory and drawing on data from the National Institute of Child Health & Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N =…
Descriptors: Early Experience, Family Income, Kindergarten, Young Children
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Estrada, Eduardo; Ferrer, Emilio; Shaywitz, Bennett A.; Holahan, John M.; Shaywitz, Sally E. – Developmental Psychology, 2018
Identifying change at the individual level is an important goal for researchers, educators, and clinicians. We present a set of statistical procedures for identifying individuals who depart from a normative change. Using Latent Change Scores models (LCS), we illustrate how the Individual Likelihood computed from a statistical model for change…
Descriptors: Change, Children, Adolescents, Age Differences
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del Río, M. Francisca; Strasser, Katherine; Cvencek, Dario; Susperreguy, María Inés; Meltzoff, Andrew N. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
This study examines the relations among parental beliefs and practices about mathematics, children's beliefs about mathematics, participants' gender, and family socioeconomic status (SES). The study was conducted in Chile, a country with significant gender gaps in standardized test results in mathematics, with boys receiving significantly higher…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Kindergarten, Student Attitudes, Mathematics
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Dollar, Jessica M.; Stifter, Cynthia A.; Buss, Kristin A. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
The current study aimed to substantiate and extend our understanding regarding the existence and developmental pathways of 3 distinct temperament profiles--exuberant, inhibited, and average approach--in a sample of 3.5-year-old children (n = 121). The interactions between temperamental styles and specific types of effortful control, inhibitory…
Descriptors: Child Development, Young Children, Interaction, Personality Traits
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Nelson, Timothy D.; Nelson, Jennifer Mize; James, Tiffany D.; Clark, Caron A. C.; Kidwell, Katherine M.; Espy, Kimberly Andrews – Developmental Psychology, 2017
The transition to elementary school is accompanied by increasing demands for children to regulate their attention and behavior within the classroom setting. Executive control (EC) may be critical for meeting these demands; however, few studies have rigorously examined the association between EC and observed classroom behavior. This study examined…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Attention Control, Student Behavior, Preschool Children
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Qian, Miao K.; Quinn, Paul C.; Heyman, Gail D.; Pascalis, Olivier; Fu, Genyue; Lee, Kang – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Two studies with preschool-age children examined the effectiveness of perceptual individuation training at reducing racial bias (Study 1, N = 32; Study 2, N = 56). We found that training preschool-age children to individuate other-race faces resulted in a reduction in implicit racial bias while mere exposure to other-race faces produced no such…
Descriptors: Racial Bias, Foreign Countries, Blacks, Whites
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