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Steacy, Laura M.; Compton, Donald L.; Petscher, Yaacov; Elliott, James D.; Smith, Kathryn; Rueckl, Jay G.; Sawi, Oliver; Frost, Stephen J.; Pugh, Kenneth R. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2019
As children learn to read, they become sensitive to context-dependent vowel pronunciations in words, considered a form of statistical learning. The work of Treiman and colleagues demonstrated that readers' vowel pronunciations depend on the consonantal context in which the vowel occurs and reading experience. Using explanatory item-response models…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Vowels, Context Effect, Pronunciation
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Petscher, Yaacov; Solari, Emily J.; Catts, Hugh W. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2019
The present study explores the longitudinal development between Grade 3 word level reading skills and higher level semantic skills to Grade 10 reading comprehension for 3,157 students. In particular, this work focused on how the developmental relations varied for subsamples of students who are English learners (EL; N = 308), students identified as…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Reading Skills, Grade 3, Reading Comprehension
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Gray, Shelley; Fox, Annie B.; Green, Samuel; Alt, Mary; Hogan, Tiffany P.; Petscher, Yaacov; Cowan, Nelson – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: Compared to children with typical development, children with dyslexia, developmental language disorder (DLD), or both often demonstrate working memory deficits. It is unclear how pervasive the deficits are or whether the deficits align with diagnostic category. The purpose of this study was to determine whether different working memory…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Developmental Disabilities, Language Impairments, Short Term Memory
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Fitton, Lisa; Hoge, Rachel; Petscher, Yaacov; Wood, Carla – Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 2019
Purpose: The purpose of this study was (a) to examine the underlying components or factor structure of the Bilingual English-Spanish Assessment (BESA; Peña, Gutiérrez-Clellen, Iglesias, Goldstein, & Bedore, 2014) sentence repetition task and (b) to examine the relationship between Spanish-English speaking children's sentence repetition and…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Bilingual Students, Bilingualism, English
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Terry, Nicole P.; Petscher, Yaacov; Rhodes, Katherine T. – Assessment for Effective Intervention, 2017
The purpose of this study was to extend a previous investigation of the psychometrics of the "Diagnostic Evaluation of Language Variation-Screening Test" (DELV-S) to include pre-kindergarten children (primarily African American and from low-income households). The previous study (Petscher, Connor, & Al Otaiba, 2012) included a…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Diagnostic Tests, Language Variation, Screening Tests
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Herrera, Sarah; Zhou, Chengfu; Petscher, Yaacov – Regional Educational Laboratory Southeast, 2017
The 2001 authorization of the No Child Left Behind Act and its standards and accountability requirements generated interest among state education agencies in Florida, Mississippi, and North Carolina, which are served by the Regional Educational Laboratory Southeast, in monitoring changes in student reading and math proficiency at the school level.…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Trend Analysis, Achievement Gap
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Foorman, Barbara; Herrera, Sarah; Dombek, Jennifer; Schatschneider, Chris; Petscher, Yaacov – Regional Educational Laboratory Southeast, 2017
Understanding written language is crucial to academic success in all content areas. Ensuring a strong foundation in the components of written language--that is, the literacy skills of reading, writing, and oral language--is essential if students are to read with understanding and, thus, is a primary goal of early literacy instruction and of the…
Descriptors: Kindergarten, Grade 1, Grade 2, Instructional Effectiveness
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Foorman, Barbara R.; Petscher, Yaacov; Stanley, Christopher – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
The idea of targeting reading instruction to profiles of students' strengths and weaknesses in component skills is central to teaching. However, these profiles are often based on unreliable descriptions of students' oral reading errors, text reading levels, or learning profiles. This research utilized latent profile analysis (LPA) to examine…
Descriptors: Profiles, Reading Skills, Language Skills, Statistical Analysis
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Petscher, Yaacov; Park, Younghee – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2016
It has been suggested that children acquire spelling by picking up conditional sound-spelling consistencies. To examine this hypothesis, we investigated how variation in word characteristics (words that vary systematically in terms of phoneme-grapheme correspondences) and child factors (individual differences in the ability to extract…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Preschool Children, Kindergarten, Spelling
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Petscher, Yaacov – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Emerging evidence suggests that children's sensitivity to suprasegmental phonology such as stress and timing (i.e., prosodic sensitivity) contributes to reading. The primary goal of this study was to investigate pathways of the relation of prosodic sensitivity to reading (word reading and reading comprehension) using data from 370 first-grade…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Phonological Awareness, Intonation
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Foorman, Barbara R.; Petscher, Yaacov; Stanley, Christopher; Truckenmiller, Adrea – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2017
The objective of this study was to determine the latent profiles of reading and language skills that characterized 7,752 students in kindergarten through tenth grade and to relate the profiles to norm-referenced reading outcomes. Reading and language skills were assessed with a computer-adaptive assessment administered in the middle of the year…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Statistical Analysis, Computer Assisted Testing, Adaptive Testing
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Koon, Sharon; Petscher, Yaacov – Regional Educational Laboratory Southeast, 2015
The purpose of this report was to explicate the use of logistic regression and classification and regression tree (CART) analysis in the development of early warning systems. It was motivated by state education leaders' interest in maintaining high classification accuracy while simultaneously improving practitioner understanding of the rules by…
Descriptors: Classification, Regression (Statistics), Models, At Risk Students
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Foorman, Barbara R.; Herrera, Sarah; Petscher, Yaacov; Mitchell, Alison; Truckenmiller, Adrea – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2015
This study examined the structure of oral language and reading and their relation to comprehension from a latent variable modeling perspective in Kindergarten, Grade 1, and Grade 2. Participants were students in Kindergarten (n = 218), Grade 1 (n = 372), and Grade 2 (n = 273), attending Title 1 schools. Students were administered phonological…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Oral Reading, Correlation, Reading Comprehension
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Petscher, Yaacov; Quinn, Jamie M.; Wagner, Richard K. – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Conceptualizations of developmental trends are driven by the particular method used to analyze the period of change of interest. Various techniques exist to analyze developmental data, including individual growth curve analysis in observed and latent frameworks, cross-lagged regression to assess interrelations among variables, and multilevel…
Descriptors: Individual Development, Correlation, Longitudinal Studies, Oral Reading
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Kieffer, Michael J.; Petscher, Yaacov; Proctor, C. Patrick; Silverman, Rebecca D. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2016
Language comprehension is crucial to reading. However, theoretical models and recent research raise questions about what constitutes this multifaceted domain. We present two related studies examining the dimensionality of language comprehension and relations to reading comprehension in the upper elementary grades. Studies 1 (Grade 6; N = 148) and…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Language Skills, Reading Comprehension, Grade 6
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