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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Piper, Benjamin – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2019
The linguistic interdependence hypothesis (Cummins, 1979, 2000) states that children's second-language (L2) proficiency is, to some extent, a function of their first-language (L1) competence. Previous studies have examined this hypothesis with focus on a unidirectional relation from L1 to L2. In the present study, we examined…
Descriptors: Transfer of Training, Reading Skills, Longitudinal Studies, African Languages
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Park, Seo-Hyun – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2019
We examined the Direct and Indirect Effects model of Writing (DIEW), using longitudinal data from Korean-speaking beginning writers. DIEW posits hierarchical structural relations among component skills (e.g., transcription skills, higher order cognitive skills, oral language, motivation/affect, background knowledge) where lower level skills are…
Descriptors: Writing (Composition), Thinking Skills, Korean, Elementary School Students
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Piper, Benjamin – Journal of Research in Reading, 2019
Background: We examined the component skills of reading comprehension (i.e., letter sound knowledge, syllable reading fluency, decoding fluency, text or oral reading fluency and listening comprehension) and their structural relations using data from three sub-Saharan African languages with transparent orthographies in a multilingual context.…
Descriptors: African Languages, Phoneme Grapheme Correspondence, Reading Fluency, Reading Comprehension
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Schatschneider, Christopher – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
We investigated direct and indirect effects of component skills on writing (DIEW) using data from 193 children in Grade 1. In this model, working memory was hypothesized to be a foundational cognitive ability for language and cognitive skills as well as transcription skills, which, in turn, contribute to writing. Foundational oral language skills…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Writing Instruction, Grade 1, Teaching Methods
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Schatschneider, Christopher; Wanzek, Jeanne; Gatlin, Brandy; Al Otaiba, Stephanie – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2017
We examined how raters and tasks influence measurement error in writing evaluation and how many raters and tasks are needed to reach a desirable level of 0.90 and 0.80 reliabilities for children in Grades 3 and 4. A total of 211 children (102 boys) were administered three tasks in narrative and expository genres, respectively, and their written…
Descriptors: Writing Evaluation, Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
Pathways of relations of language, cognitive, and literacy skills (i.e., working memory, vocabulary, grammatical knowledge, inference, comprehension monitoring, word reading, and listening comprehension) to reading comprehension were examined by comparing four variations of direct and indirect effects model of reading. Results from 350…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Grade 2, Elementary School Students, Language Skills
Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Schatschneider, Christopher – Grantee Submission, 2017
We investigated direct and indirect effects of component skills on writing (DIEW) using data from 193 children in Grade 1. In this model, working memory was hypothesized to be a foundational cognitive ability for language and cognitive skills as well as transcription skills, which, in turn, contribute to writing. Foundational oral language skills…
Descriptors: Writing Skills, Writing Instruction, Grade 1, Teaching Methods
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace – Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 2016
Purpose: The primary aim of the present study was to examine whether different ways of presenting narrative stimuli (i.e., live narrative stimuli versus audio-recorded narrative stimuli) influence children's performances on narrative comprehension and oral-retell quality. Method: Children in kindergarten (n = 54), second grade (n = 74), and fourth…
Descriptors: Auditory Stimuli, Kindergarten, Grade 2, Grade 4
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Petscher, Yaacov; Park, Younghee – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2016
It has been suggested that children acquire spelling by picking up conditional sound-spelling consistencies. To examine this hypothesis, we investigated how variation in word characteristics (words that vary systematically in terms of phoneme-grapheme correspondences) and child factors (individual differences in the ability to extract…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Preschool Children, Kindergarten, Spelling
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Petscher, Yaacov – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Emerging evidence suggests that children's sensitivity to suprasegmental phonology such as stress and timing (i.e., prosodic sensitivity) contributes to reading. The primary goal of this study was to investigate pathways of the relation of prosodic sensitivity to reading (word reading and reading comprehension) using data from 370 first-grade…
Descriptors: Grade 1, Elementary School Students, Phonological Awareness, Intonation
Kim, Young-Suk Grace – Grantee Submission, 2016
Purpose: The primary aim of the present study was to examine whether different ways of presenting narrative stimuli (i.e., live narrative stimuli versus audio-recorded narrative stimuli) influence children's performances on narrative comprehension and oral-retell quality. Method: Children in kindergarten (n = 54), second grade (n = 74), and fourth…
Descriptors: Age Differences, Audio Equipment, Auditory Stimuli, Comparative Analysis
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Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Park, Cheahyung; Park, Younghee – Reading and Writing: An Interdisciplinary Journal, 2015
We examined the relations of discourse-level oral language skills [i.e., listening comprehension, and oral retell and production of narrative texts (oral retell and production hereafter)] to reading comprehension and written composition. Korean-speaking first grade students (N = 97) were assessed on listening comprehension, oral retell and…
Descriptors: Oral Language, Language Skills, Listening Comprehension, Recall (Psychology)
Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Wagner, Richard K. – Grantee Submission, 2015
In the present study we investigated a developmentally changing role of text reading fluency in mediating the relations of word reading fluency and listening comprehension to reading comprehension. We addressed this question by using longitudinal data from Grades 1 to 4 and employing structural equation models. Results showed that the role of text…
Descriptors: Reading Fluency, Word Recognition, Listening Skills, Reading Comprehension