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Showing 1 to 15 of 20 results Save | Export
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Dollar, Jessica M.; Stifter, Cynthia A.; Buss, Kristin A. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
The current study aimed to substantiate and extend our understanding regarding the existence and developmental pathways of 3 distinct temperament profiles--exuberant, inhibited, and average approach--in a sample of 3.5-year-old children (n = 121). The interactions between temperamental styles and specific types of effortful control, inhibitory…
Descriptors: Child Development, Young Children, Interaction, Personality Traits
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Heatly, Melissa Castle; Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Early school engagement patterns set the stage for short- and long-term academic behaviors and progress, and low engagement at school entry can give rise to dysfunctional school behavior and underachievement in later years. Relationships with parents and teachers provide a foundation upon which children develop the skills and behaviors that are…
Descriptors: Parent Child Relationship, Teacher Student Relationship, Elementary School Students, Grade 1
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Abry, Tashia; Bryce, Crystal I.; Swanson, Jodi; Bradley, Robert H.; Fabes, Richard A.; Corwyn, Robert F. – Developmental Psychology, 2017
Concerns regarding the social-behavioral maladjustment of U.S. youth have spurred efforts among educators and policymakers to identify and remedy educational contexts that exacerbate children's anxiety, depression, aggression, and misconduct. However, investigations of the influence of collective classroom student characteristics on individuals'…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Student Behavior, Antisocial Behavior, Self Destructive Behavior
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Laible, Deborah; Carlo, Gustavo; Davis, Alexandra N.; Karahuta, Erin – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Longitudinal links between early childhood temperament, maternal sensitivity, and adolescents' adjustment have been proposed and found in several longitudinal studies, but the mechanisms of influence have not been explored. The authors examined the paths from maternal sensitivity and temperament in early childhood to adolescents' prosocial,…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Prosocial Behavior, Antisocial Behavior, Delinquency
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Murray, Christopher; Kosty, Derek; Hauser-McLean, Kristin – Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment, 2016
A growing number of researchers are examining how teacher-student relationships contribute to child and adolescent development. Much of this work is based on two distinct theoretical perspectives: social support and attachment. The current study investigates the importance of teacher-student relationships from each of these perspectives among…
Descriptors: Minority Group Children, African American Children, Low Income Students, Social Support Groups
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Yan, Ni; Dix, Theodore – Developmental Psychology, 2016
Using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 1,364), the present study supports an agentic perspective; it demonstrates that mothers' depressive symptoms in infancy predict children's poor first-grade cognitive functioning because depressive symptoms…
Descriptors: Depression (Psychology), Mothers, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Cognitive Ability
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Kiuru, Noona; Laursen, Brett; Aunola, Kaisa; Zhang, Xia; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
This longitudinal study, conducted among a sample of Finnish primary-school children, examined the proposition that a single high-quality relationship (either with a teacher or a parent) can buffer against adjustment problems. Teachers rated the externalizing problems and prosocial behaviors of 378 children in Grade 1 and again in Grade 2.…
Descriptors: Student Adjustment, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers, Teacher Student Relationship
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Dan, Aviva – Contemporary Issues in Education Research, 2016
Deficits in self-regulatory skills underlie or contribute to a range of adverse developmental problems and disorders, including ADHD (Barkley, 1997), eating disorders (Attie & Brooks-Gunn, 1995) and risk -taking behaviour (Cantor & Sanderson 1998; Eisenberg et al., 2005). Self-regulation has been recognised as an important factor in aiding…
Descriptors: Self Control, Early Childhood Education, Kindergarten, Mixed Methods Research
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Blair, Bethany L.; Gangel, Meghan J.; Perry, Nicole B.; O'Brien, Marion; Calkins, Susan D.; Keane, Susan P.; Shanahan, Lilly – Merrill-Palmer Quarterly: Journal of Developmental Psychology, 2016
A growing body of literature indicates that childhood emotion regulation predicts later success with peers, yet little is known about the processes through which this association occurs. The current study examined mechanisms through which emotion regulation was associated with later peer acceptance and peer rejection, controlling for earlier…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Peer Acceptance, Rejection (Psychology), Child Behavior
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Chi, Sung-Ae; Kim, Seong Hyun; Kim, HyunJin – South African Journal of Education, 2016
This study investigated the affects of cognitive ability, creativity, and self-esteem on kindergartners' problem behaviour. Participants were 203 children (mean age = 65.8 months) attending kindergartens in Korea. Data collection used the Korean version of Child Behaviour Checklist, the Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children, the Torrance Test of…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Kindergarten, Foreign Countries, Check Lists
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Collins, Brian Andrew; O'Connor, Erin Eileen; Supplee, Lauren; Shaw, Daniel S. – Journal of Educational Research, 2017
The authors identified trajectories of teacher-child relationship conflict and closeness from Grades 1 to 6, and associations between these trajectories and externalizing and internalizing behaviors at 11 years old among low-income, urban boys (N = 262). There were three main findings. Nagin cluster analyses indicated five trajectories for…
Descriptors: Low Income Students, Elementary School Students, Teacher Student Relationship, Urban Youth
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Zhai, Fuhua; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne; Waldfogel, Jane – Developmental Psychology, 2014
Using data ("n" = 3,790 with 2,119 in the 3-year-old cohort and 1,671 in the 4-year-old cohort) from 353 Head Start centers in the Head Start Impact Study, the only large-scale randomized experiment in Head Start history, this article examined the impact of Head Start on children's cognitive and parent-reported social-behavioral outcomes…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Disadvantaged Youth, Program Effectiveness, Cognitive Development
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Bloom, Howard S.; Weiland, Christina – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2014
Head Start is the largest publicly funded preschool program in the U.S., and one of its primary goals is to improve the school readiness of low-income children. As has been widely reported, the first randomized trial of Head Start in the program's history found some evidence that it is achieving this goal. Receiving one year of Head Start had…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Preschool Education, Early Childhood Education, School Readiness
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Watts, Tyler W.; Duncan, Greg J.; Siegler, Robert S.; Davis-Kean, Pamela E. – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2014
A number of studies, both small scale and of nationally-representative student samples, have reported substantial associations between school entry math ability and later elementary school achievement. However, questions remain regarding the persistence of the association between early growth in math ability and later math achievement due to the…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Academic Ability, Correlation, Elementary School Students
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Smithyman, Thomas F.; Fireman, Gary D.; Asher, Yvonne – School Psychology Quarterly, 2014
Prior research has demonstrated that victims of peer victimization show reduced psychological adjustment, social adjustment, and physical well-being compared with nonvictims. However, little research has addressed whether this maladjustment continues over the long term. This study examined adjustment in 72 high school students who had participated…
Descriptors: Peer Groups, Victims, Bullying, Comparative Analysis
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