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Laninga-Wijnen, Lydia; Gremmen, Mariola C.; Dijkstra, Jan Kornelis; Veenstra, René; Vollebergh, Wilma A. M.; Harakeh, Zeena – Developmental Psychology, 2019
This study examined the role of academic status norms in friendship selection and influence processes related to academic achievement across the 2nd year of secondary school (SNARE project; N = 1,549 students from 70 classes; Mage = 13.69 years). Academic status norms were operationalized as the class-level correlation between academic achievement…
Descriptors: Role, Friendship, Academic Achievement, Secondary School Students
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Low, Sabina; Smolkowski, Keith; Cook, Clayton; Desfosses, Danielle – Developmental Psychology, 2019
This study examined the impact of a commonly adopted elementary universal social-emotional learning program, Second Step, on student social-emotional and academic outcomes following 2 years of implementation. The cluster-randomized wait-list control trial included 61 schools, 321 teachers, and 8,941 early elementary students across 2 states, with…
Descriptors: Social Development, Emotional Development, Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Students
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Smetana, Judith; Robinson, Jessica; Bourne, Stacia V.; Wainryb, Cecilia – Developmental Psychology, 2019
This study examined 131 U.S. middle class early, middle, and late adolescents' (M[subscript age] = 12.74, 15.81, and 20.40 years, respectively) narratives regarding experiences of disclosure, concealment, and lying to parents and responses to direct probes about lessons learned about self and parents. The thematic content focused primarily on…
Descriptors: Deception, Personal Narratives, Parent Child Relationship, Self Concept
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Willoughby, Michael T.; Wylie, Amanda C.; Little, Michael H. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Children with higher levels of executive function (EF) skills consistently demonstrate higher levels of academic achievement. Despite the consistency of these associations, fundamental questions remain about whether efforts to improve an individual child's EF skills result in corresponding improvements in his or her academic performance. In the…
Descriptors: Executive Function, Academic Achievement, Cognitive Ability, Achievement Gains
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Ayorech, Ziada; Plomin, Robert; von Stumm, Sophie – Developmental Psychology, 2019
At the end of compulsory schooling, young adults decide on educational and occupational trajectories that impact their subsequent employability, health and even life expectancy. To understand the antecedents to these decisions, we follow a new approach that considers genetic contributions, which have largely been ignored before. Using genomewide…
Descriptors: Genetics, Correlation, Employment, Decision Making
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Yip, Tiffany; Wang, Yijie; Mootoo, Candace; Mirpuri, Sheena – Developmental Psychology, 2019
The detrimental effects of discrimination are well documented; however, the influence of ethnic/racial identity (ERI) on this association is equivocal. There is theoretical and empirical support for both protective and detrimental effects of ERI. This meta-analysis includes 53 effect sizes from 51 studies and 18,545 participants spanning early…
Descriptors: Racial Discrimination, Racial Bias, Ethnicity, Racial Identification
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Chang, Lei; Lu, Hui Jing; Lansford, Jennifer E.; Skinner, Ann T.; Bornstein, Marc H.; Steinberg, Laurence; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Chen, Bin Bin; Tian, Qian; Bacchini, Dario; Deater-Deckard, Kirby; Pastorelli, Concetta; Alampay, Liane Peña; Sorbring, Emma; Al-Hassan, Suha M.; Oburu, Paul; Malone, Patrick S.; Di Giunta, Laura; Tirado, Liliana Maria Uribe; Tapanya, Sombat – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Safety is essential for life. To survive, humans and other animals have developed sets of psychological and physiological adaptations known as life history (LH) tradeoff strategies in response to various safety constraints. Evolutionarily selected LH strategies in turn regulate development and behavior to optimize survival under prevailing safety…
Descriptors: Safety, Physiology, Psychological Patterns, Longitudinal Studies
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Lessard, Leah M.; Juvonen, Jaana – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Academic achievement disparities based on parental education are robust during the middle school years. The current study examined whether cross-class friendship (i.e., reciprocal relationships between peers with different levels of parental education) decrease class-based achievement differences during a developmental phase when friends are…
Descriptors: Friendship, Academic Achievement, Middle School Students, Parent Background